WoRMS taxon details

Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758

140658  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140658)

accepted
Species
Ostrea cristata Born, 1778 sensu Poli, 1795 · unaccepted (misapplication)
Ostrea depressa R. A. Philippi, 1836 · unaccepted > junior homonym (junior homonym of Ostrea depressa...)  
junior homonym of Ostrea depressa Gmelin, 1791
Ostrea edulis var. purpurea Hanley, 1854 · unaccepted (invalid: junior homonym of Ostrea...)  
invalid: junior homonym of Ostrea purpurea Lightfoot, 1786
Ostrea edulis var. rutupina Jeffreys, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Ostrea leonica Fréminville, 1870 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Ostrea rostrata [sic] sensu Danilo & Sandri, 1856 · unaccepted (misidentification and misspelling...)  
misidentification and misspelling of Ostrea rostralis Lamarck, 1819
Ostrea saxatilis W. Turton, 1807 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Ostrea taurica Krynicki, 1837 · unaccepted > nomen nudum
Ostrea taurica Siemaschko, 1847 · unaccepted (synonym)

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marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 699 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 356: specific name of type species of Ostrea Linnaeus, 1758  
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 356: specific name of type species of Ostrea Linnaeus, 1758 [details]

Distribution North America, Western Atlantic Ocean  
Distribution North America, Western Atlantic Ocean [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140658 on 2024-03-01
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2023-05-14 08:48:22Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 699 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Monoeciostrea europa Orton, 1928) Orton J.H. (1928). The dominant species of <i>Ostrea</i>. <em>Nature.</em> 121 (3044): 320-321., available online at https://doi.org/10.1038/121320b0
note: names in this paper are unavailable because there is a disclaimer p. 321 last paragraph [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Ostrea adriatica Lamarck, 1819) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1819). <i>Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres</i>. Tome 6(1): vi + 343 pp. Paris: published by the author. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47441
page(s): 204 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea corbuloides Danilo & Sandri, 1856) Danilo F. & Sandri G. B. (1856). Elenco nominale dei Molluschi lamellibranchiati marittimi dei dintorni di Zara, ampliato e rettificato nell'anno 1856. Zara, published by the authors.  [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea cyrnusii Payraudeau, 1826) Payraudeau, B. C. (1826). Catalogue descriptif et méthodique des annelides et des mollusques de l'Ile de Corse; avec huit planches représentant quatre-vingt-huit espèces, dont soixante-huit nouvelles. Imprimerie de J. Tastu, Paris, vii + 218 pp., pls. 1-8., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/12944
page(s): 79-80, pl. 3 fig. 1-2 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea depressa R. A. Philippi, 1836) Philippi, R. A. (1836). Enumeratio molluscorum Siciliae cum viventium tum in tellure tertiaria fossilium quae in itinere suo observavit. Vol. 1. xiv + 267 p., pls. 1-12. Sumptibus Simonis Schroppii et Sociorum. Berolini [Berlin]. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/46935803
page(s): 89; pl. 6 fig. 3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ostrea exalbida Gmelin, 1791) Gmelin, J. F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 13. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. <em>Systema Naturae. Linneaeus (ed.). Ed. 13.</em> 1: pars. 6., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea hippopus Lamarck, 1819) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1819). <i>Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres</i>. Tome 6(1): vi + 343 pp. Paris: published by the author. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47441
page(s): 203 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea lamellosa Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi, G. B. (1814). <i>Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente. Tomo primo</i>. pp. 1-56, I-LXXV, 1-240. Milano, Stamperia Reale., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12001697
page(s): 564-565 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ostrea leonica Fréminville, 1870) Taslé, A. (1870). Faune malacologique marine de l'Ouest de la France. Catalogue des Mollusques observés dans l'Atlantique français, depuis les parages de Brest jusqu'aux frontières d'Espagne. Supplément.. <i>Annales de la Société des Sciences naturelles de la. <em>Charente Maritime.</em> 9: 167-227.
page(s): 24 [in reprint] [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea parasitica W. Turton, 1819) Turton, W. (1819) A Conchological Dictionary of the British Islands. J. Booth, London, xxvii + 272 pp., 28 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/29692
page(s): 134 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea rostrata Gmelin, 1791) Gmelin, J. F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 13. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. <em>Systema Naturae. Linneaeus (ed.). Ed. 13.</em> 1: pars. 6., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea saxatilis W. Turton, 1807) Turton, W. (1807). British Fauna, containing a compendium of the zoology of the British Islands; arranged according to the Linnean system. Vol. 1, Mammalia, birds, Amphibia, fishes and worms. 1-230., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/21554423
page(s): p. 162, n. 198. [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea scaeva Monterosato, 1915) Monterosato, T. A. di. (1915). Ostreae ed Anomiae del Mediterraneo. <em>Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria.</em> (3) 47: 7-16, pl. 1-4 [3rd September, 1915]., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29848394
page(s): 3 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea taurica Krynicki, 1837) Krynicki, J. A. (1837). Conchylia tam terrestria, quam fluviatilia et e maribus adjacentibus Imperii Rossici indigena, quae pro mutua offeruntur historiae naturalis cultoribus. <em>Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou.</em> 10 (2): 50-64. Moskva., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41311962
page(s): 61 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea striatum da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 162-164; pl. 10 fig. 4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ostrea sublamellosa Milaschewitsch, 1916) Milaschewitch, K.O. (1916). Molluscs of Russian seas. Vol. I. Molluscs of the Black and Azov seas. Faune de la Russie et des pays limitrophes, 312 p. [Милашевич К.О. 1916. Моллюски русских морей. Том. I. Моллюски Черного и Азовского морей. Фауна России и сопредельных стран, 312 с.]. [In Russian]., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12116351 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea vulgare da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 154-162; pl. 11 fig. 6 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Ostrea edulis var. rutupina Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys, J. G. (1862-1869). <i>British conchology</i>. Vol. 1: pp. cxiv + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864]. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 39 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea taurica Siemaschko, 1847) Siemaschko, J. v. (1847). Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Konchyliens Russlands. <em>Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou.</em> 20(1): 93-131, pl. 1-3., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34369569
page(s): 122-123; pl. 3 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea edulis var. purpurea Hanley, 1854) Hanley, S. (1854–1858). <i>The Conchological Miscellany</i>. Williams and Norgate, London. 40 pls. with 11 unnumbered plate explanation pages. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41283653 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea edulis var. obtusa Requien, 1848) Requien, E. (1848). <i>Catalogue des coquilles de l'Île de Corse</i>. Avignon: Seguin. v-xii, 13-109 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/59044288 [details]   

original description  (of Ostrea edulis var. crassa Weinkauff, 1867) Weinkauff, H. C. (1867). Die Conchylien des Mittelmeeres, ihre geographische und geologische Verbreitung. T. Fischer, Cassel Vol. 1: pp. XIX + 307 [1867], Vol. 2: pp. VI + 512 [1868]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49636970 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). <i>Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research</i>. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gonzalez-Wangüemert, M.; Pérez-Ruzafa, A.; Rosique, M. J.; Ortiz, A. (2004). Genetic differentiation in two cryptic species of Ostreidae, Ostrea edulis (Linnaeus, 1758) and Ostreola stentina (Payraudeau, 1826) in Mar Menor Lagoon, southwestern Mediterranean Sea. <em>The Nautilus.</em> 118(3), 103-111. [details]   

additional source Zamouri-Langar, N.; Chouba, L.; Ajjabi Chebil, L.; Mrabet, R.; El Abed, A. (2011). Les coquillages bivalves des côtes tunisiennes. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer: Salammbô. ISBN 978-9938-9512-0-2. 128 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Orton, J. H. (1927). Is the American slipper-limpet (<i>Crepidula fornicata</i>) an oyster pest?. <em>The Nautilus.</em> 40(3): 102-103., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8523237 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 356: specific name of type species of Ostrea Linnaeus, 1758 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in United States (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United States (Nation) : Aquaculture: deliberate [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) Aquaculture: deliberate [details]

From other sources
Distribution North America, Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Reproduction separate sexes, usually not dimorphic in shell structure; fertilization occurs within the mantle cavity anf young hatch as pelagic larvae (generalized for group) [details]
LanguageName 
Albanian stridhemidhja e gurtëgurrcagurca  [details]
Catalan ostra comuna  [details]
Danish østers  [details]
Dutch platte oesteroesterEuropese platte oestereetbare oester  [details]
English flat oysterEuropean flat oysteredible oystercommon oyster  [details]
French pied de chevalhuître plate européennehuître platehuître comestiblebelon  [details]
German Gemeine AusterEuropäische Austeressbare Auster  [details]
Italian ostrica comune  [details]
Japanese ヨーロッパヒラガキ  [details]
Lithuanian paprastoji austrė  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Στρείδι  [details]
Norwegian østers  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål østers  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk østers  [details]
Russian устрица съедобнаяевропейская устрица  [details]
Slovenian navadna ostriga  [details]
Spanish ostra europeaostra común  [details]
Swedish ostron  [details]
Turkish istiridye  [details]
Ukrainian Устриця їстівнаУстриця звичайна  [details]