WoRMS taxon details

Polygordius Schneider, 1868

129472  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129472)

accepted
Genus
Polygordius lacteus Schneider, 1868 (type by subsequent designation)
Linotrypane McIntosh, 1875 · unaccepted (subjective synonym. Type species...)  
subjective synonym. Type species is a synonym in Polygordius

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  1. Species Polygordius antarcticus Rota & Carchini, 1999
  2. Species Polygordius appendiculatus Fraipont, 1887
  3. Species Polygordius arafura Avery, Ramey & Wilson, 2009
  4. Species Polygordius epitocus Dawydoff, 1905
  5. Species Polygordius erikae Tustison, Ramey-Balci & Rouse, 2020
  6. Species Polygordius erythrophthalmus (Giard, 1880)
  7. Species Polygordius eschaturus Marcus, 1948
  8. Species Polygordius ijimai Izuka, 1903
  9. Species Polygordius jenniferae Tustison, Ramey-Balci & Rouse, 2020
  10. Species Polygordius jouinae Ramey, Fiege & Leander, 2006
  11. Species Polygordius kiarama Avery, Ramey & Wilson, 2009
  12. Species Polygordius kurthcarolae Tustison, Ramey-Balci & Rouse, 2020
  13. Species Polygordius kurthsusanae Tustison, Ramey-Balci & Rouse, 2020
  14. Species Polygordius lacteus Schneider, 1868
  15. Species Polygordius leo Marcus, 1955
  16. Species Polygordius madrasensis Aiyar & Alikuhni, 1944
  17. Species Polygordius neapolitanus Fraipont, 1887
  18. Species Polygordius pacificus Uchida, 1935
  19. Species Polygordius triestinus Woltereck in Hempelmann, 1906
  20. Species Polygordius uroviridis Aiyar & Alikuhni, 1944
  21. Species Polygordius villoti Perrier, 1875
  22. Species Polygordius appendiculata Fraipont, 1887 accepted as Polygordius appendiculatus Fraipont, 1887 (synonym)
  23. Species Polygordius flavicaudatus [auct. misspelling for 'flavocapitatus'] accepted as Lindrilus flavocapitatus (Uljanina, 1877) (misspelling, superseded combination)
  24. Species Polygordius flavocapitatus Uljanina, 1877 accepted as Lindrilus flavocapitatus (Uljanina, 1877) (superseded original combination)
  25. Species Polygordius ponticus Salensky, 1907 accepted as Polygordius lacteus Schneider, 1868 (subjective synonym)
  26. Species Polygordius purpureus Schneider, 1868 accepted as Megadrilus purpureus (Schneider, 1868) (superseded original combination)
  27. Species Polygordius schnederi [auct. misspelling for 'schneideri'] accepted as Megadrilus schneideri (Langerhans, 1880) (misspelling, superseded combination)
  28. Species Polygordius schneideri Langerhans, 1880 accepted as Megadrilus schneideri (Langerhans, 1880) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
masculine
Schneider, A. (1868). Ueber Bau und Entwicklung von Polygordius. <em>Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin.</em> [1868]: 51-60, plate II-III., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35507445
page(s): 51 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Schneider (1868) described both Polygordius...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Schneider (1868) described both Polygordius lacteus and P. purpureus in the same article, so the type could be either. Hartman Catalogue treated P. lacteus as type, probably because of page priority (this is not part of the 4thEd Code) which can be regarded as a subsequent designation. P. purpureus has since been moved to Megadrilus. [details]
Etymology Schneider (1868) states he first identified his worms as belonging to Ramphogordius Rathke, 1843, a nemertean genus (in an...  
Etymology Schneider (1868) states he first identified his worms as belonging to Ramphogordius Rathke, 1843, a nemertean genus (in an earlier work?), but realised they were new and used Polygordius instead. The 'gordius' presumably was derived from their twisting or knotted body contortions. The genus has been treated universally as masculine when given adjectival epithets (excludes nouns with adjectival suffixes). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Polygordius Schneider, 1868. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129472 on 2024-04-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2020-04-09 10:01:11Z
changed
2023-08-29 04:10:59Z
changed
2024-03-25 22:27:39Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Schneider, A. (1868). Ueber Bau und Entwicklung von Polygordius. <em>Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin.</em> [1868]: 51-60, plate II-III., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35507445
page(s): 51 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Linotrypane McIntosh, 1875) McIntosh, William Carmichael. (1875). On a new example of the Opheliidae (<i>Linotrypane apogon</i>) from Shetland. <em>Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.</em> 8(89): 386-390., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/48403860
page(s): 386; note: McIntosh never indicates the genus is new (except indirectly by including a footnote etymology), and his only use of the genus and species names is in the title. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Tustison, Chrissy; Ramey-Balci, Patricia A.; Rouse, Greg W. (2020). More Knot Worms: Four New Polygordius (Annelida) Species from the Pacific and Caribbean. <em>Diversity.</em> 12(4): 146, 1-25., available online at https://www.mdpi.com/1424-2818/12/4/146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., L. Bosse & G. Lamarche. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Schneider (1868) states he first identified his worms as belonging to Ramphogordius Rathke, 1843, a nemertean genus (in an earlier work?), but realised they were new and used Polygordius instead. The 'gordius' presumably was derived from their twisting or knotted body contortions. The genus has been treated universally as masculine when given adjectival epithets (excludes nouns with adjectival suffixes). [details]

Type species Schneider (1868) described both Polygordius lacteus and P. purpureus in the same article, so the type could be either. Hartman Catalogue treated P. lacteus as type, probably because of page priority (this is not part of the 4thEd Code) which can be regarded as a subsequent designation. P. purpureus has since been moved to Megadrilus. [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese イイジマムカシゴカイ属  [details]