WoRMS taxon details

Polycirrus Grube, 1850

129710  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129710)

accepted
Genus
Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850 (type by monotypy)
Anisocirrus Gravier, 1905 (subjective synonym)
Aphlebina Claparède, 1864 (subjective synonym)
Apneumea Quatrefages, 1866 (Subjective synonym)
Cyaxares Kinberg, 1867 (Subjective synonym)
Dejoces Kinberg, 1867 (subjective synonym)
Ereutho Malmgren, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Leucariste Malmgren, 1866 (Subjective synonym)
Litancyra Hutchings, 1977 (Subjective synonym)
Polycirrus (Ereutho) (Subjective synonym)
Polycirrus (Leucariste) (Subjective synonym)
Torquea Leidy, 1855 (subjective synonym)
Species Polycirrus abrolhensis Garraffoni & Costa, 2003
Species Polycirrus alquila Caullery, 1944
Species Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
Species Polycirrus antarcticus (Willey, 1902)
Species Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865
Species Polycirrus arenivorus (Caullery, 1915)
Species Polycirrus asturiensis Cepeda & Lattig, 2016
Species Polycirrus aurantiacus Grube, 1860
Species Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Species Polycirrus boholensis Grube, 1878
Species Polycirrus breviuncinatus Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013
Species Polycirrus broomensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1979
Species Polycirrus brutus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus caliendrum Claparède, 1869
Species Polycirrus californicus Moore, 1909
Species Polycirrus carolinensis Day, 1973
Species Polycirrus chilensis Schmarda, 1861
Species Polycirrus clavatus (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Polycirrus coccineus (Grube, 1870)
Species Polycirrus coibensis Glasby & Hutchings, 2014
Species Polycirrus corallicola Verrill, 1900
Species Polycirrus cruciformis Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus culcita Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus decipiens (Gravier, 1905)
Species Polycirrus denticulatus Saint-Joseph, 1894
Species Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Species Polycirrus dodeka Hutchings, 1990
Species Polycirrus dubius Day, 1973
Species Polycirrus elisabethae McIntosh, 1915
Species Polycirrus eous Annenkova-Chlopina, 1924
Species Polycirrus eximius (Leidy, 1855)
Species Polycirrus fedorovi Jirkov & Leontovich in Jirkov, 2001
Species Polycirrus glaucus Hutchings, 1993
Species Polycirrus glossochelius Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus haematodes (Claparède, 1864)
Species Polycirrus hamiltoni Benham, 1921
Species Polycirrus hesslei Monro, 1930
Species Polycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005
Species Polycirrus jubatus Bobretzky, 1868
Species Polycirrus kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Polycirrus latidens Eliason, 1962
Species Polycirrus leocine (Quatrefages, 1865)
Species Polycirrus macintoshi Glasby & Hutchings, 2014
Species Polycirrus medius Hessle, 1917
Species Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850
Species Polycirrus mexicanus (Rioja, 1947)
Species Polycirrus minutus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus multisetigerus Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
Species Polycirrus multus Hutchings, 1990
Species Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Species Polycirrus nervosus Marenzeller, 1884
Species Polycirrus nonatoi Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013
Species Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912
Species Polycirrus octosetus (Hutchings, 1977)
Species Polycirrus oculeus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus paivai Garraffoni & Costa, 2003
Species Polycirrus pallidus (Claparède, 1864)
Species Polycirrus papillatus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus papillosus Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013
Species Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Species Polycirrus paucidens Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Species Polycirrus pellucida (Quatrefages, 1866)
Species Polycirrus pennulifera Verrill, 1900
Species Polycirrus perplexus Moore, 1923
Species Polycirrus phosphoreus Verrill, 1880
Species Polycirrus plumosus (Wollebaek, 1912)
Species Polycirrus porcata Knox & Cameron, 1971
Species Polycirrus pumilus Hartmann-Schröder, 1990
Species Polycirrus purpureus Schmarda, 1861
Species Polycirrus quadratus Hutchings, 1990
Species Polycirrus rosea Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Species Polycirrus rubrointestinalis Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
Species Polycirrus swakopianus Augener, 1918
Species Polycirrus tentaculatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960)
Species Polycirrus tenuisetis Langerhans, 1880
Species Polycirrus tesselatus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Species Polycirrus twisti Potts, 1928
Species Polycirrus variabilis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986

Species Polycirrus triglandula Langerhans, 1880 (taxon inquirendum, type material missing)

Subgenus Polycirrus (Ereutho) accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
  » Species Polycirrus (Ereutho) aquila Caullery, 1944 accepted as Polycirrus alquila Caullery, 1944 (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Polycirrus (Leucariste) accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
  » Species Polycirrus (Leucariste) arenivorus Caullery, 1915 accepted as Polycirrus arenivorus (Caullery, 1915) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Polycirrus (Leucariste) coccineus Grube, 1870 accepted as Polycirrus coccineus (Grube, 1870) (superseded original combination)
Species Polycirrus albicans (Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865 (recombination of subjective synonym)
Species Polycirrus habitats Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013 accepted as Polycirrus clavatus (Kinberg, 1866) (Subjective synonym)
Species Polycirrus insignis Gravier, 1907 accepted as Polycirrus antarcticus (Willey, 1902) (Synonymous )
Species Polycirrus kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Polycirrus macintoshi Glasby & Hutchings, 2014 (replaced secondary homonym)
Species Polycirrus luminosus Verrill, 1900 accepted as Polycirrus purpureus Schmarda, 1861 (subjective synonym)
Species Polycirrus norvegica Wollebæk, 1912 accepted as Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912
Species Polycirrus norvegicius Wollebaek, 1912 accepted as Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912 (Lapsus calami)
Species Polycirrus tribullata McIntosh, 1869 accepted as Hauchiella tribullata (McIntosh, 1869) (superseded original combination)
Species Polycirrus trilobatus Sars, 1863 accepted as Amaeana trilobata (Sars, 1863) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 330; note: name followed by a 10 word description for P. medusa [details]   
Etymology Not stated. The name Polycirrus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin poly-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun cirrus,...  
Etymology Not stated. The name Polycirrus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin poly-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun cirrus, meaning 'curl' or 'filament', and refers presumably to the presence of numerous buccal tentacles on the prostomial region. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Polycirrus Grube, 1850. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129710 on 2018-10-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-01-26 06:33:32Z
changed
2018-03-04 22:55:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 330; note: name followed by a 10 word description for P. medusa [details]   

original description  (ofAphlebina Claparède, 1864) Claparède, É. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). <em>Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève.</em> 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972 [details]   

original description  (ofEreutho Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, A. J. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/369/mode/1up
page(s): 391 [details]   

original description  (ofLitancyra Hutchings, 1977) Hutchings, P. (1977). Terebelliform Polychaeta of the families Ampharetidae, Terebellidae and Trichobranchidae from Australia, chiefly from Moreton Bay, Queensland. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 31(1): 1-38., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.31.1977.232
page(s): 9-10 [details]   

original description  (ofPseudoampharete Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) Hartmann-Schröder, Gesa. (1960). Zur Polychaeten-Fauna von Peru. <em>Beiträge zur neotropischen Fauna.</em> 2(1): 1-44., available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01650526009380621
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofAnisocirrus Gravier, 1905) Gravier, Charles. (1905). Sur deux types nouveaux de Térébelliens, <i>Anisocirrus</i> nov. gen., <i>decipiens</i> nov. sp., <i>Aponobranchus</i> nov. gen., <i>perrieri</i> nov. sp. <em>Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 11(6): 437-444., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42898010
page(s): 437-441 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofCyaxares Kinberg, 1867) Kinberg, J.G.H. (1866 [or 1867]). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 23(9): 337-357., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32287795
page(s): 348 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofDejoces Kinberg, 1867) Kinberg, J.G.H. (1866 [or 1867]). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 23(9): 337-357., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32287795
page(s): 348 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLeucariste Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, A. J. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/369/mode/1up
page(s): 390 [details]   

original description  (ofTorquea Leidy, 1855) Leidy, J. (1855). Contributions towards a knowledge of the marine Invertebrate fauna of the coasts of Rhode Island and New Jersey. <em>Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 3(2) no. 11: 135-152, pls. 10-11. (xii-1855)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36848120
page(s): 146 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of <em>Polycirrus</em> Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). Zootaxa. 3877(1): 1-117., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

identification resource Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of <em>Polycirrus</em> Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). Zootaxa. 3877(1): 1-117., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1
page(s): Key p.14, Checklist p.115 [details]   

emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) Nogueira, Joao M. de Matos; Hutchings, Pat A.; Carrerette, Orlemir. (2015). Polycirridae (Annelida, Terebelliformia) from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4019(1): 437-483., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.17
page(s): 448-449 [details]   

emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) Hutchings, P.A.; Glasby, C.J. (1986). The Polycirrinae (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 38(6): 319-350., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.38.1986.185
page(s): 330 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Re-diagnosis of the genus by Hutchings & Glasby (1986: 330): "Expanded tentacular membrane trilobate, sometimes with lateral lobes reduced, with 2 types of buccal tentacles. Thorax with a variable number of setigers, notopodia from segment 2 or 3. Neuropodia first present from segments 7-18. Notosetae variable; include pinnate, hirsute, smooth winged or smooth wingless capillaries, but only 1 or 2 types of setae present in anyone species.[details]

Diagnosis The original diagnosis of the genus given by Grube (1850: 330) corresponds to the diagnosis of the new species Polycirrus medusa: "Amphictenea. Mundsegment oben mit einer Querreihe von Paleen besetzt." [details]

Etymology Not stated. The name Polycirrus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin poly-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun cirrus, meaning 'curl' or 'filament', and refers presumably to the presence of numerous buccal tentacles on the prostomial region. [details]