WoRMS source details

Hutchings, Patricia A.; Glasby, Christopher J. (1986). The Polycirrinae (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Australia. Records of the Australian Museum. 38(6): 319-350.
50433
10.3853/j.0067-1975.38.1986.185 [view]
Hutchings, Patricia A.; Glasby, Christopher J.
1986
The Polycirrinae (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Australia
Records of the Australian Museum
38(6): 319-350
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The polycirrine fauna of Australia comprises four genera and 22 species. These are described, and a key to the genera and Australian species are provided. Eleven new species are described: Hauchiella renilla n. sp., Lysilla laciniata n. sp., L. bilobata n. sp., L. jennacubinae n. sp., Polycirrus bicrinalis n. sp., P. disjunctus n. sp., P. nephrosus n. sp., P. parvus n. sp., P. paucidens n. sp., P. tesselatus n. sp. and P. variabilis n. sp., and the following new combinations, Amaeana apheles (Hutchings) and Polycirrus octoseta (Hutchings). A full description of all Australian species of this subfamily is given except when a recent full description is available. Comments are made on the variety of characters which have been used to describe species of Polycirrus and the value of these characters.
Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Amaeana antipoda (Augener, 1926) (additional source)
Amaeana apheles (Hutchings, 1974) (new combination reference)
Amaeana occidentalis (Hartman, 1944) (redescription)
Amaeana trilobata (Sars, 1863) (additional source)
Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Hauchiella tribullata (McIntosh, 1869) (additional source)
Litancyra Hutchings, 1977 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (source of synonymy)
Litancyra octoseta Hutchings, 1977 accepted as Polycirrus octosetus (Hutchings, 1977) (new combination reference)
Lysilla apheles Hutchings, 1974 accepted as Amaeana apheles (Hutchings, 1974) (source of synonymy)
Lysilla bilobata Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Lysilla jennacubinae Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Lysilla laciniata Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Lysilla pacifica Hessle, 1917 (redescription)
Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (emendation (re-diagnosis of genus))
Polycirrus (Ereutho) aquila Caullery, 1944 accepted as Polycirrus aquila Caullery, 1944 (new combination reference)
Polycirrus aquila Caullery, 1944 (redescription)
Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Polycirrus boholensis Grube, 1878 (additional source)
Polycirrus broomensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 (redescription)
Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Polycirrus octosetus (Hutchings, 1977) (basis of record)
Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Polycirrus paucidens Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Polycirrus porcata Knox & Cameron, 1971 (redescription)
Polycirrus rosea Hutchings & Murray, 1984 (additional source)
Polycirrus tesselatus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Polycirrus variabilis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986 (original description)
Paratype USNM 098818, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype USNM 098822, geounit New South Wales, identified as Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype USNM 098823, geounit Port Gregory, identified as Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype NHMUK 1985.223, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype NHMUK 1985.228, geounit King George Sound, identified as Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype USNM 98821, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype LACM AHF Poly 1452, geounit One Tree Island, identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype MV F50337, geounit Western Port Bay, identified as Polycirrus tesselatus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype MV F50348, geounit Bass Strait, identified as Polycirrus paucidens Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Nontype QM G3606, geounit Queensland, identified as Lysilla pacifica Hessle, 1917
Paratype QM G4056, geounit Moreton Bay, identified as Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Nontype AM W.199533, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Polycirrus boholensis Grube, 1878
Holotype AM W.199607, geounit Jervis Bay, identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199608, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199609, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199611, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199612, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199613, geounit One Tree Island, identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199614, geounit One Tree Island, identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Nontype AM W.199624, geounit One Tree Island, identified as Polycirrus boholensis Grube, 1878
Holotype AM W.199626, geounit Coffin Bay, identified as Lysilla laciniata Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W.199637, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199638, geounit North West Shelf, identified as Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W.199643, geounit Queensland, identified as Lysilla jennacubinae Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.199644, geounit New South Wales, identified as Lysilla jennacubinae Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W.1996610, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Hauchiella renilla Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W.7586, geounit Woolooware Bay, identified as Lysilla bilobata Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W199538, geounit Lizard Island (Queensland), identified as Polycirrus variabilis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W199628, geounit North West Shelf, identified as Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W199630, geounit North West Shelf, identified as Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W199631, geounit North West Shelf, identified as Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W199632, geounit New South Wales, identified as Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W199633, geounit New South Wales, identified as Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W199634, geounit New South Wales, identified as Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Holotype AM W199641, geounit Port Hacking, identified as Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
Paratype AM W199642, geounit Towra Point, identified as Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
 Depth range

Shallow subtidal, to about 30 m. [details]

 Depth range

40-80 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 91 m (Australia). [details]

 Depth range

Shelf depths: 20-380 m. [details]

 Depth range

Shallow waters to 80 m. [details]

 Depth range

At low tide levels. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to subtidal depths. [details]

 Depth range

9-36 m. [details]

 Depth range

3-12 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 15 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 10 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal (estuarine and exposed beaches of eastern Australia), and 36-41 m (off North West Shelf, Australia). [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to about 100 m. [details]

 Diagnosis

Re-diagnosis of the genus by Hutchings & Glasby (1986: 330): "Expanded tentacular membrane trilobate, sometimes ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia (Mermaid Sound, Dampier Archipelago); Northern Territory (Gulf of Carpentaria; Port ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland; New South Wales; Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Arctic Ocean. Mediterranean Sea. Western Atlantic: New England to Gulf of Mexico. Japan. Australia (Western ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Jervis Bay Territory; Queensland. [details]

 Distribution

Northwest Europe (Shetland; Norway; Kattegat); North Sea; off Antarctic mainland; Subantarctic Islands (South Georgia); ... [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Bass Strait; Queensland; New South Wales; South Australia; Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; Queensand.  [details]

 Distribution

Australia: South Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: from Japan to New South Wales, along the east coast of Australia, including Philippines and Solomon ... [details]

 Distribution

Malay Archipelago. Currently only known from the type locality. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland and Western Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Philippines (Bohol) to northeastern Australia (Queensland). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; New South Wales; Queensland. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; Bass Strait; New South Wales; Queensand. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: North West Shelf (off Port Headland, Western Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Bass Strait. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Victoria; Bass Strait; Tasmania. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: South Australia; Victoria; Bass Strait; New South Wales. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Queensland (Lizard Island). [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet renilla is composed by the Latin noun renis, meaning 'kidney', followed by the Latin suffix ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet bilobata is composed by the Latin prefix bi-, meaning 'twice' or 'two', and the Latin ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet jennacubinae is derived from a Western Australian aboriginal tribal name for a salt water pool. [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet laciniata (masculine: laciniatus) is a Latin adjective meaning 'fringed' or 'laciniate', and ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet bicrinalis is composed by the Latin prefix bi-, meaning 'two', and the Latin adjective ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name is derived from the latin disjunctus meaning separate, distinct, different, remote referring to ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the large number of nephridial papillae present" (Huchings & Glasby, 1986: 339).  [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name is derived from the latin parvus meaning 'little' referring to the small size of the species" ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name is derived from the latin paucus, meaning few or little, and dens, meaning tooth, referring to ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name tesselatus is derived from the latin meaning inlaid with small square stones or mosaic, and ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name variabilis is derived from the latin meaning changeable, referring to the large variation ... [details]

 Habitat

Estuarine and protected marine embayments, often amongst seagrass beds, in sandy and gravelly sand sediments. [details]

 Habitat

In Australia, in bays and marine areas of estuaries, in coarse sediment and mud, often associated with seagrass in ... [details]

 Habitat

Dead coral substrata (Lizard Island and One Tree Island, Queensland), and coralline algae (Cemetery Point, Jervis ... [details]

 Habitat

Sandy shell sedments, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

River mouths, sheltered bays, continental shelf (4-80 m), in mud to coarse sand, and associated with the seagrasses ... [details]

 Habitat

Rock pools on platforms of exposed rocky headlands. [details]

 Habitat

Amongst the roots of the seagrass Zostera, at low tide levels. [details]

 Habitat

Coastal lagoons, sheltered bays and estuaries in shallow mud-sandy areas often associated with the seagrasses ... [details]

 Habitat

Coral substrata at Lizard Island (Queensland), and muddy sediments on North West Shelf (Western Australia), at ... [details]

 Habitat

Among coral rubble and coral reef substrata, at shallow water (3-12 m). [details]

 Habitat

Rocky substrata, associated with ascidians, and also on algal mat exposed to surf, intertidal to shallow subtidal. [details]

 Habitat

In association with sponges, soft and hard corals, empty mussel shells, and algae, from intertidal to shallow ... [details]

 Habitat

Sandy sediments, at shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Clayey sand to very coarse sand with shell fragments, at shelf depths.  [details]

 Habitat

Sheltered bays and on the continental shelf, mainy in soft sediments ranging from silty clay-sand to sandy gravel ... [details]

 Habitat

Sediment ranging from muddy sand to coarse sand, at shelf dephs. Also from exposed and sheltered rocky shores ... [details]

 Habitat

Coral substrata, shallow subtidal. [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney (AM W.199637). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney (AM W199632). [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Australian Museum, Sydney (AM W199641). [details]

 Spelling

The new combination was first established by Hutchings & Glasby (1986) as Polycirrus octoseta, and the spelling was ... [details]

 Type locality

Cemetery Point, Wreck Bay, Jervis Bay Territory, New South Wales, Australia (-35.1667°, 150.6833°), 15 m, ... [details]

 Type locality

Woolooware Bay, Georges River, New South Wales, Australia (-34.02°, 151.1317°). [details]

 Type locality

Caloundra, Queensland, Australia (26°48'S, 153°08'E). [details]

 Type locality

Coffin Bay, South Australia, Australia (-34.4667°, 135.3167°), at low tide levels, amongst the roots of the ... [details]

 Type locality

Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia (provided coordinates 14°40'S, 141°28'E incorrect, ... [details]

 Type locality

Solitary Island [South West Solitary Island, according to OZCAM database], New South Wales, Australia (29°56'S, ... [details]

 Type locality

Ship Rock, Port Hacking, New South Wales, Australia, Pacific Ocean (-34.0717°, 151.1283°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Port Headland, North West Shelf, Western Australia, Australia, Indian Ocean (-20.02°, 116.96°). [details]

 Type locality

Central Bass Strait, 60 km SW of Cape Schanck, Australia (-39.0033°, 144.565°). [details]

 Type locality

Western Port Bay, Victoria, Australia (-38.3388°, 145.238°). [details]

 Type locality

Lizard Island lagoon, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, Pacific Ocean (-14.6667°, 145.45°). [details]