WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycirrus caliendrum Claparède, 1869

131526  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131526)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Claparède, Édouard 1870. Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Annélides sédentaires. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 20(1): 1-225., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/lesannlidesch02clap [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Naples  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Naples [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStatus Glasby and Hutchings (2014) suggest that P....  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStatus Glasby and Hutchings (2014) suggest that P. caliendrum is a species inquirenda because no type material exists and the original description is very brief. Claparède (1870) figured the animal in dorsal view and a neuropodium, showing uncini. In general, diagnostic characters are not described; however, the uncini illustrated are clearly of Type 1 sensu Glasby & Glasby (1986). This is the same type as P. aurantiacus Grube, and as both species are reported to exhibit bluish or violet phosphoresence (Saint Joseph 1894), it is quite possible the two names apply to the same species, especially considering the proximity of their type localities on either side of Italy, viz. Gulf of Naples (P. caliendrum) and Croatia (P. aurantiacus).
 [details]
Bellan, G. (2008). Polycirrus caliendrum Claparède, 1869. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/traits/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131526 on 2017-12-16

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

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original description Claparède, Édouard 1870. Les Annélides Chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Seconde partie. Annélides sédentaires. Mémoires de la Société de physique et d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 20(1): 1-225., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/lesannlidesch02clap [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source The Zoological Record: records of zoological literature relating chiefly to the year. Zoological Society of London City: London, UK. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 406, pl. 29. Fig. 2 [details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Pat A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). Zootaxa. 3877(1): 1-117., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1 [details]   

additional source Claparède, Rene-Édouard. (1868). [Book version of 1868] Les annelides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. [book]. pp. 499 plus 31 plates, Ramboz et Schuchardt, Genève., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/48090491
page(s): 406, pl. 29. Fig. 2 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStatus Glasby and Hutchings (2014) suggest that P. caliendrum is a species inquirenda because no type material exists and the original description is very brief. Claparède (1870) figured the animal in dorsal view and a neuropodium, showing uncini. In general, diagnostic characters are not described; however, the uncini illustrated are clearly of Type 1 sensu Glasby & Glasby (1986). This is the same type as P. aurantiacus Grube, and as both species are reported to exhibit bluish or violet phosphoresence (Saint Joseph 1894), it is quite possible the two names apply to the same species, especially considering the proximity of their type localities on either side of Italy, viz. Gulf of Naples (P. caliendrum) and Croatia (P. aurantiacus).
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Naples [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpecimen types not retained [details]
 

Feeding Type
deposit feeder: surface [details]
interface feeder [details]
suspension feeder: facultative [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEntobius hamondi Gotto, 1966 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXenocoeloma alleni (Brumpt, 1897) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)