WoRMS taxon details

Squalus Linnaeus, 1758

105782  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105782)

accepted
Genus
Acanthias Risso, 1827 (Objective synonym; unneeded replacement name for Squalus Linnaeus)
Squalis (misspelling)
Species Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
Species Squalus albicaudus Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
Species Squalus albifrons Last, White & Stevens, 2007
Species Squalus altipinnis Last, White & Stevens, 2007
Species Squalus bahiensis Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
Species Squalus bassi Viana, de Carvalho & Ebert, 2017
Species Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827)
Species Squalus brevirostris Tanaka, 1917
Species Squalus bucephalus Last, Séret & Pogonoski, 2007
Species Squalus chloroculus Last, White & Motomura, 2007
Species Squalus clarkae Pfleger, Grubbs, Cotton & Daly-Engel, 2018
Species Squalus crassispinus Last, Edmunds & Yearsley, 2007
Species Squalus cubensis Howell Rivero, 1936
Species Squalus edmundsi White, Last & Stevens, 2007
Species Squalus formosus White & Iglésias, 2011
Species Squalus grahami White, Last & Stevens, 2007
Species Squalus griffini Phillipps, 1931
Species Squalus hemipinnis White, Last & Yearsley, 2007
Species Squalus japonicus Ishikawa, 1908
Species Squalus lalannei Baranes, 2003
Species Squalus lobularis Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
Species Squalus mahia Viana, Lisher & Carvalho, 2017
Species Squalus margaretsmithae Viana, Lisher & Carvalho, 2017
Species Squalus megalops (MacLeay, 1881)
Species Squalus melanurus Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
Species Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903
Species Squalus montalbani Whitley, 1931
Species Squalus nasutus Last, Marshall & White, 2007
Species Squalus notocaudatus Last, White & Stevens, 2007
Species Squalus quasimodo Viana, Carvalho & Gomes, 2016
Species Squalus rancureli Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
Species Squalus raoulensis Duffy & Last, 2007
Species Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1855)
Species Squalus uyato Rafinesque, 1810

Species Squalus acanthis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
Species Squalus achantias Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
Species Squalus acronotus Poey, 1860 accepted as Carcharhinus acronotus (Poey, 1860)
Species Squalus acutipinnis Regan, 1908 accepted as Squalus megalops (MacLeay, 1881)
Species Squalus acutirostris Chu, Meng & Li, 1984 accepted as Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903 (synonym)
Species Squalus adscensionis Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (ambiguous synonym)
Species Squalus africanus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Poroderma africanum (Gmelin, 1789)
Species Squalus albomaculatus Plucàr, 1846 accepted as Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819
Species Squalus alopecias Gronow, 1854 accepted as Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus americanus Mitchill, 1815 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
Species Squalus americanus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus anisodon Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Pristiophorus cirratus (Latham, 1794)
Species Squalus annulatus Nilsson, 1832 accepted as Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
Species Squalus antiquorum Leach, 1818 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
Species Squalus appendiculatus Shaw, 1806 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus arcticus Faber, 1829 accepted as Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
Species Squalus argus Bancroft, 1832 accepted as Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus asper Merrett, 1973 accepted as Cirrhigaleus asper (Merrett, 1973)
Species Squalus barbatus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus barbouri Howell Rivero, 1936 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
Species Squalus blainvilii (Risso, 1827) accepted as Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827) (misspelling)
Species Squalus blainvillei (Risso, 1827) accepted as Squalus blainville (Risso, 1827) (misspelling)
Species Squalus borealis Scoresby, 1820 accepted as Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (synonym)
Species Squalus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839) accepted as Carcharhinus brevipinna (Müller & Henle, 1839)
Species Squalus brucus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus caecchia Nardo, 1847 accepted as Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827)
Species Squalus caeruleus Blainville, 1816 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (ambiguous synonym)
Species Squalus canicula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758) (basionym)
Species Squalus caninus Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Squalus canis Mitchill, 1815 accepted as Mustelus canis (Mitchill, 1815)
Species Squalus canis Forster, 1777 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
Species Squalus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus carolinensis Blainville, 1816 accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus catulus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus caudatus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Species Squalus centrina Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Oxynotus centrina (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus cepedianus Péron, 1807 accepted as Notorynchus cepedianus (Péron, 1807) (synonym)
Species Squalus cepedii Lesson, 1831 accepted as Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Species Squalus cetaceus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (synonym)
Species Squalus cinereus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Heptranchias perlo (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus cirratus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus cirrosus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
Species Squalus colax Meuschen, 1781 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Species Squalus commersonii Blainville, 1816 accepted as Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Species Squalus cornubicus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (synonym)
Species Squalus cornubiensis Pennant, 1812 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus cuvier Péron & Lesueur, 1822 accepted as Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822)
Species Squalus delarochianus Blainville, 1816 accepted as Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 (synonym)
Species Squalus dentatus Blainville, 1816 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Species Squalus denticulatus Shaw, 1804 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789) (synonym)
Species Squalus edentulus Chiereghini, 1872 accepted as Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819
Species Squalus edentulus Brünnich, 1768 accepted as Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus edwardsii Schinz, 1822 accepted as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz, 1822)
Species Squalus edwartsii Schinz, 1822 accepted as Haploblepharus edwardsii (Schinz, 1822) (misspelling)
Species Squalus elegans Blainville, 1825 accepted as Scyliorhinus canicula (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus elephas Lesueur, 1822 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (synonym)
Species Squalus fasciatus Hermann, 1783 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
Species Squalus fernandinus Molina, 1782 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
Species Squalus ferox Risso, 1810 accepted as Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
Species Squalus fulgens Bennett, 1840 accepted as Isistius brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Species Squalus galeus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Squalus glaucus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Squalus granulosus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Species Squalus griseus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Hexanchus griseus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (synonym)
Species Squalus gronovianus Shaw, 1804 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Species Squalus gunnerianus Blainville, 1810 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (synonym)
Species Squalus hinnulus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819
Species Squalus homianus Blainville, 1810 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (synonym)
Species Squalus indicus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Species Squalus infernus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Squalus isabella Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus isabella Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Cephaloscyllium isabellum (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus isodus Macri, 1819 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (synonym)
Species Squalus jacksoni Suckow, 1799 accepted as Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793) (junior synonym)
Species Squalus jacksonii Suckow, 1799 accepted as Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793) (misspelling)
Species Squalus kirki Phillipps, 1931 accepted as Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
Species Squalus labiatus Bleeker, 1855 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus lamia Blainville, 1816 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus lamia Blainville, 1825 accepted as Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus licha Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1788) (synonym)
Species Squalus littoralis Lesueur, 1818 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
Species Squalus lixa Larrañaga, 1923 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
Species Squalus lobatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus longicaudus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
Species Squalus longimanus Poey, 1861 accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
Species Squalus macrodus Mitchill, 1818 accepted as Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
Species Squalus maculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Aulohalaelurus labiosus (Waite, 1905)
Species Squalus maculatus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (basionym)
Species Squalus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822) accepted as Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus maou Lesson, 1831 accepted as Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)
Species Squalus maximus Gunnerus, 1765 accepted as Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (synonym)
Species Squalus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Species Squalus mitsukuri Jordan & Snyder, 1903 accepted as Squalus mitsukurii Jordan & Snyder, 1903 (misspelling)
Species Squalus monensis Shaw, 1804 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus mustelus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mustelus mustelus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Squalus nasus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus nicaeensis Risso, 1810 accepted as Dalatias licha (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Species Squalus niger Broussonet, 1788 accepted as Etmopterus spinax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Squalus norvegianus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Species Squalus obscurus Lesueur, 1818 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus obtusus Poey, 1861 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus ocellatus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus oculatus Banks & Solander, 1827 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus pantherinus Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1852 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus pelegrinus Blainville, 1810 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus pennanti Walbaum, 1792 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus peregrinus Blainville, 1810 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Squalus perlo Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus philippi Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Squalus philippinus Shaw, 1804 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus philippinus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus platycephalus Tenore, 1809 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus platyodon (Poey, 1860) (unaccepted)
Species Squalus plumbeus Nardo, 1827 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus porosus Poey, 1861 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus portusjacksoni Meyer, 1793 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Squalus prionurus Otto, 1821 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus pristis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus probatovi Myagkov & Kondyurin, 1986 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus punctatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus punctulatus Lacepède, 1800 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus rashleighanus Couch, 1838 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus rhinoceros DeKay, 1842 (unaccepted, ambiguous synonym)
Species Squalus rhinophanes Péron, 1807 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus rondeletii Risso, 1810 (unaccepted, ambiguous synonym)
Species Squalus rostratus Macri, 1819 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus russellianus Blainville, 1816 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus scymnus Voigt, 1832 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus selanonus Leach, 1818 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus semisagittatus Shaw, 1804 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus spallanzani Péron & Lesueur, 1822 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus spinax Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus spinosus Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus squamosus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus squatina Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Squalus stellaris Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus striatus Forster, 1844 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus sucklii (Girard, 1855) (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Squalus tasmaniensis Howell Rivero, 1936 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tentaculatus Shaw, 1804 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus terraenovae Richardson, 1836 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tiburo Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tiburo Poey, 1860 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tigrinus Forster, 1781 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tuberculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tyberinus Bonaparte, 1841 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus tygrinus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted, misspelling)
Species Squalus unicolor Blainville, 1816 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus ustus Duméril, 1824 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus vacca Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus variegatus Blainville, 1816 (unaccepted, ambiguous synonym)
Species Squalus varius Seba, 1759 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus vittatus Shaw, 1798 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus vulgaris Richardson, 1836 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus vulpes Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted, Original combination of Alopias vulpes (Gmelin, 1789))
Species Squalus vulpes Berkenhout, 1789 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus vulpinus Bonnaterre, 1788 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus waddi Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (unaccepted, basionym)
Species Squalus wakiyae Tanaka, 1918 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus whitleyi Phillipps, 1931 (unaccepted)
Species Squalus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 233 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Squalus Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105782 on 2018-12-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2014-11-21 13:09:37Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 233 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofAcanthias Risso, 1827) Risso, A. (1826-1827). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Paris, Levrault:. <em>.</em> 3(XVI): 1-480, 14 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/58984 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2018). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ツノザメ  [details]
Squalus acanthias Linnaeus, 1758
 Squalus acanthias L...
[image from typetaxon]

Gilson (1921, fig. 09)
 Gilson (1921, fig. 09)
[image from typetaxon]

Poll (1947, fig. 038 & 039)
 Poll (1947, fig. 03...
[image from typetaxon]

Squalus acanthias
 Squalus acanthias
[image from typetaxon]

Spiny dogfish
 Spiny dogfish
[image from typetaxon]

Spiny dogfish
 Spiny dogfish
[image from typetaxon]

Squalus acanthias
 Squalus acanthias
[image from typetaxon]

Squalus acanthias
 Squalus acanthias
[image from typetaxon]