WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)

105838  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105838)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Europe  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Europe [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Possibly to 8 m, world's largest predator....  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Possibly to 8 m, world's largest predator. Generally in the open ocean, but does swim into shallower waters. Most attacks occurred in estuaries. Usually swims alone or in pairs but can be found in feeding aggregations. A versatile predator with a broad prey spectrum. Feeds on sturgeon and tunas, as well as sea lions and other large animals and fish (Ref. 9987). Presumably ovoviviparous. Reported by some experts to attack humans which they mistake for their normal prey of seals. Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat is utilized fresh and smoked for human consumption, the skin for leather and the liver for oil (Ref. 9987). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Newfoundland to Argentina  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]
Bailly, N. (2008). Carcharodon carcharias. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105838 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus lamia Blainville, 1816) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus lamia Blainville, 1825) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus vulgaris Richardson, 1836) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus caninus Osbeck, 1765) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharodon albimors Whitley, 1939) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharodon capensis Smith, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharodon rondeletii Müller & Henle, 1839) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharodon smithi Bonaparte, 1838) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharodon smithii Agassiz, 1838) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias atwoodi Storer, 1848) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias lamia Rafinesque, 1810) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias maso Morris, 1898) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias rondeletti Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1829) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias verus Cloquet, 1817) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias vorax Owen, 1853) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias vulgaris (Richardson, 1836)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Lam VYY. (2009). The shark fisheries of Southern China and the reproductive biology of the spadenose shark, Scoliodon laticaudus. Mphil thesis. The University of Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Possibly to 8 m, world's largest predator. Generally in the open ocean, but does swim into shallower waters. Most attacks occurred in estuaries. Usually swims alone or in pairs but can be found in feeding aggregations. A versatile predator with a broad prey spectrum. Feeds on sturgeon and tunas, as well as sea lions and other large animals and fish (Ref. 9987). Presumably ovoviviparous. Reported by some experts to attack humans which they mistake for their normal prey of seals. Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat is utilized fresh and smoked for human consumption, the skin for leather and the liver for oil (Ref. 9987). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Bony fishes such as salmon, hake, halibut, mackerel and tunas. As well, other sharks, sea turtles, seabirds and marine mammals are eaten. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found in coastal and offshore waters, may enter small bays and harbours and approach shore. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social & Scientific- Fatal attacks on humans and small boats, flesh and fins used for human food, liver is rich in oil, skin is used for leather, carcass is used for fish meal. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators Man and possibly other white sharks [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Presumed to be ovoviviparous [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthobothrium coronatum (Rudolphi, 1819) Blanchard, 1848 [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchtheinus oblongus Wilson C.B., 1908 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion carchariae Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthosoma crassum (Abildgaard, 1794) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClistobothrium carcharodoni Dailey & Vogelbein, 1990 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClistobothrium tumidum (Linton, 1922) Ruhnke, 1993 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinematura latifolia Steenstrup & Lütken, 1861 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinemoura latifolia (Steenstrup & Lütken, 1861) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinemoura producta (O.F. Muller, 1785) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinobothrium septaria Van Beneden, 1889 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchthrogaleus coleoptratus (Guérin-Méneville, 1837) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchthrogaleus denticulatus Smith S.I., 1873 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHepatoxylon trichiuri (Holten, 1802) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis lamna Risso, 1826 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus orientalis Heller, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus bicolor Leach, 1816 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus cranchii Leach, 1819 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus floridanus Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus satyrus Dana, 1849 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus sinuatus Say, 1818 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus smithii Rathbun, 1886 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissopus dentatus Steenstrup & Lütken, 1861 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissopus oblongus (Wilson C.B., 1908) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllobothrium tumidum Linton, 1922 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTentacularia coryphaenae Bosc, 1802 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Afrikaans Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwithaaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwitdoodshaaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspringhaaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsarda  [details]
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshkaqen njeringrënës  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwitte haai  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite pointerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite death sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorwhite deathUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoruptailUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortuna sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTommyUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormudsharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorman-eater sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorjumping sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreat white sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreat white deathUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordemon sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordeath sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcowsharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblue pointerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoranchovy-eater  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin blancUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrand requin blanc  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWeisshaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorweißer HaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMerviel FrasUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMenschenhaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMenschen Fresser  [details]
Hawaiian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorniuhi  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorקרחה לבנה  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortunnu palamitu di funnuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsqualo biancoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpisci mastinuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpisci caniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpici bistinuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesciu canUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpescecaneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesce caneUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesce can grandeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesca canUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormastinu feruUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormangia aliceUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlamiaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorimbestinuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordamianoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarcarodonte lamiaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarcarodonte di rondeletUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarcarodonteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcaniscuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcan grossuUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcagniaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcagnesca grande  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorホホジロザメUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoroshirozameUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhohojirozameUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhitokiuzame  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbaltasis ryklys  [details]
Maltese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkelb-il-bahar abjadUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkelb il-baharUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhuta tax-xmaraUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgab doll  [details]
Maori Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortaniwhaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormango-tuatiniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhare hongi  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΛευκός καρχαρίαςUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkarcharias  [details]
Norwegian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvithaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhaa skieding  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorżarłacz biały  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortubarâo brancoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortabarao  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorмегалодонUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorкархародон мегалодон  [details]
Samoan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortanifa  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorveliki beli morski pes  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón blancoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortauró blancUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortaburoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsardaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsalroigUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsalproixUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsalproigUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormarracoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorjaquetón de leyUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorjaquetón blancoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorca mari  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbüyük beyaz köpekbalığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbuyuk beyaz kopekbaligi  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorВелика біла акулаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorБіла акулаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorАкула велика біла  [details]