WoRMS taxon details

Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)

105838  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105838)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofSqualus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Europe  
type locality contained in Europe [details]
Description Possibly to 8 m, world's largest predator. Generally in the open ocean, but does swim into shallower waters. Most attacks...  
Description Possibly to 8 m, world's largest predator. Generally in the open ocean, but does swim into shallower waters. Most attacks occurred in estuaries. Usually swims alone or in pairs but can be found in feeding aggregations. A versatile predator with a broad prey spectrum. Feeds on sturgeon and tunas, as well as sea lions and other large animals and fish (Ref. 9987). Presumably ovoviviparous. Reported by some experts to attack humans which they mistake for their normal prey of seals. Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat is utilized fresh and smoked for human consumption, the skin for leather and the liver for oil (Ref. 9987). [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina  
Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105838 on 2018-10-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (ofSqualus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea)  Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS)  Lam VYY. (2009). The shark fisheries of Southern China and the reproductive biology of the spadenose shark, Scoliodon laticaudus. Mphil thesis. The University of Hong Kong. [details]   

context source (RAS)  Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   

basis of record  van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. <em>Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.</em> No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source  King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source  Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). <em>FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes.</em> No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p. [details]   

additional source  McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source  Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description Possibly to 8 m, world's largest predator. Generally in the open ocean, but does swim into shallower waters. Most attacks occurred in estuaries. Usually swims alone or in pairs but can be found in feeding aggregations. A versatile predator with a broad prey spectrum. Feeds on sturgeon and tunas, as well as sea lions and other large animals and fish (Ref. 9987). Presumably ovoviviparous. Reported by some experts to attack humans which they mistake for their normal prey of seals. Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat is utilized fresh and smoked for human consumption, the skin for leather and the liver for oil (Ref. 9987). [details]

Diet Bony fishes such as salmon, hake, halibut, mackerel and tunas. As well, other sharks, sea turtles, seabirds and marine mammals are eaten. [details]

Distribution Newfoundland to Argentina [details]

Habitat Found in coastal and offshore waters, may enter small bays and harbours and approach shore. [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Importance Social & Scientific- Fatal attacks on humans and small boats, flesh and fins used for human food, liver is rich in oil, skin is used for leather, carcass is used for fish meal. [details]

Predators Man and possibly other white sharks [details]

Reproduction Presumed to be ovoviviparous [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans withaaiwitdoodshaaispringhaaisarda  [details]
Albanian peshkaqen njeringrënës  [details]
Dutch witte haai  [details]
English white sharkwhite pointerwhite death sharkwhite deathuptailtuna sharkTommymudsharkman-eater sharkjumping sharkgreat white sharkgreat white deathdemon sharkdeath sharkcowsharkblue pointeranchovy-eater  [details]
French requin blancgrand requin blanc  [details]
German Weisshaiweißer HaiMerviel FrasMenschenhaiMenschen Fresser  [details]
Hawaiian niuhi  [details]
Hebrew קרחה לבנה  [details]
Italian tunnu palamitu di funnusqualo biancopisci mastinupisci canipici bistinupesciu canpescecanepesce canepesce can grandepesca canmastinu ferumangia alicelamiaimbestinudamianocarcarodonte lamiacarcarodonte di rondeletcarcarodontecaniscucan grossucagniacagnesca grande  [details]
Japanese ホホジロザメoshirozamehohojirozamehitokiuzame  [details]
Lithuanian baltasis ryklys  [details]
Maltese kelb-il-bahar abjadkelb il-baharhuta tax-xmaragab doll  [details]
Maori taniwhamango-tuatinihare hongi  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Λευκός καρχαρίαςkarcharias  [details]
Norwegian hvithaihaa skieding  [details]
Polish żarłacz biały  [details]
Portuguese tubarâo brancotabarao  [details]
Russian мегалодонкархародон мегалодон  [details]
Samoan tanifa  [details]
Slovenian veliki beli morski pes  [details]
Spanish tiburón blancotiburotauró blanctaburosardasalroigsalproixsalproigmarracojaquetón de leyjaquetón blancoca mari  [details]
Turkish büyük beyaz köpekbalığıbuyuk beyaz kopekbaligi  [details]
Ukrainian Велика біла акулаБіла акулаАкула велика біла  [details]