WoRMS source details

Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p.
138597
Compagno, L.J.V.
2001
Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes)
FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes
No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p
Publication
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Alopias Rafinesque, 1810 (additional source)
Alopias pelagicus Nakamura, 1935 (additional source)
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 (additional source)
Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1835 (additional source)
Brachaeluridae Applegate, 1974 (additional source)
Brachaelurus Ogilby, 1907 (additional source)
Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908 (additional source)
Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (additional source)
Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Cestracion galeatus Günther, 1870 accepted as Heterodontus galeatus (Günther, 1870) (additional source)
Cetorhinus Blainville, 1816 (additional source)
Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) (additional source)
Chiloscyllium Müller & Henle, 1837 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium confusum Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983 accepted as Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium hasselti Bleeker, 1852 accepted as Chiloscyllium hasseltii Bleeker, 1852 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789) (additional source)
Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830) (additional source)
Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838 (additional source)
Chiloscyllium trispeculare (Richardson, 1843) accepted as Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson, 1843 (basis of record)
Cirrhoscyllium Smith & Radcliffe, 1913 (additional source)
Cirrhoscyllium expolitum Smith & Radcliffe, 1913 (additional source)
Cirrhoscyllium formosanum Teng, 1959 (additional source)
Cirrhoscyllium japonicum Kamohara, 1943 (additional source)
Eucrossorhinus Regan, 1908 (additional source)
Eucrossorhinus dasypogon (Bleeker, 1867) (additional source)
Ginglymostoma Müller & Henle, 1837 (additional source)
Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Ginglymostomatidae Gill, 1862 (additional source)
Gyropleurodus ramalheira Smith, 1949 accepted as Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith, 1949) (additional source)
Hemiscylliidae Gill, 1862 (additional source)
Hemiscyllium Müller & Henle, 1838 (additional source)
Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (additional source)
Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley, 1967 (additional source)
Hemiscyllium ocellatum (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Hemiscyllium strahani Whitley, 1967 (additional source)
Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson, 1843 (additional source)
Heterodontidae Gray, 1851 (additional source)
Heterodontiformes (additional source)
Heterodontus Blainville, 1816 (additional source)
Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855) (additional source)
Heterodontus galeatus (Günther, 1870) (additional source)
Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884 (additional source)
Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972 (additional source)
Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793) (additional source)
Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville, 1840) (additional source)
Heterodontus sp.A J. Mee (basis of record)
Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831) (additional source)
Heteroscyllium Regan, 1908 accepted as Brachaelurus Ogilby, 1907 (additional source)
Heteroscyllium colcloughi (Ogilby, 1908) accepted as Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908 (additional source)
Isurus Rafinesque, 1810 (additional source)
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 (additional source)
Lamna Cuvier, 1816 (additional source)
Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 (additional source)
Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Lamnidae Bonaparte, 1835 (additional source)
Lamniformes (additional source)
Megachasma Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 (additional source)
Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 (additional source)
Megachasmidae Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 (additional source)
Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898 (additional source)
Nebrius Rüppell, 1837 (additional source)
Nebrius ferrugineus (Lesson, 1831) (additional source)
Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) (additional source)
Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955) (additional source)
Orectolobidae Gill, 1896 (additional source)
Orectolobiformes (additional source)
Orectolobus Bonaparte, 1834 (additional source)
Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906 (additional source)
Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883) (additional source)
Orectolobus wardi Whitley, 1939 (additional source)
Parascylliidae Gill, 1862 (additional source)
Parascyllium Gill, 1862 (additional source)
Parascyllium collare Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888 (additional source)
Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch, 1911 (additional source)
Parascyllium variolatum (Duméril, 1853) (additional source)
Pseudocarcharias Cadenat, 1963 (additional source)
Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) (additional source)
Pseudocarchariidae Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 (additional source)
Pseudoginglymostoma Dingerkus, 1986 (additional source)
Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Günther, 1867) (additional source)
Rhincodon Smith, 1829 (additional source)
Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 (additional source)
Rhincodontidae Müller & Henle, 1841 (additional source)
Squalus cirratus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) (additional source)
Stegostoma Müller & Henle, 1837 (additional source)
Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783) (additional source)
Stegostomatidae Gill, 1862 (additional source)
Sutorectus Whitley, 1939 (additional source)
Sutorectus tentaculatus (Peters, 1864) (additional source)
Algoa Bay for Isurus tigris africanus Smith, 1957 
Ambon for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831) 
Angola for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Arabian Sea for Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith, 1949) 
Argentina for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Atlantic Ocean for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Atlantic Ocean for Squalus pennanti Walbaum, 1792 
Australia for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Australia for Cestracion galeatus Günther, 1870 
Bahamas for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Baja California for Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972 
Bermuda for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Brazil for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Burma for Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983 
California for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855) 
California for Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 
Cameroon for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Canada for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Canary Islands for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Cape Verde for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Central Pacific Ocean for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Chile for Alopecias barrae Pérez Canto, 1886 
Chile for Alopecias chilensis Philippi, 1902 
Chile for Alopecias longimana Philippi, 1902 
Chile for Lamna huidobrii Philippi, 1887 
Chile for Lamna philippii Pérez Canto, 1886 
China for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831) 
China for Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906 
Colombia for Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972 
Cornwall for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)  (doubtful)
Cornwall for Polyprosopus macer Couch, 1862 
Cornwall for Selachus pennantii Cornish, 1885 
Cornwall for Squalus cornubicus Gmelin, 1789 
Cornwall for Squalus cornubiensis Pennant, 1812 
Cornwall for Squalus rashleighanus Couch, 1838 
Cuba for Ginglymostoma fulvum Poey, 1861 
East Atlantic for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
East Australia for Heterodontus galeatus (Günther, 1870) 
East Indian Ocean for Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789) 
East Pacific for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855) 
East Pacific for Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972 
East Pacific for Heterodontus quoyi (Fréminville, 1840) 
Eastern Pacific for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
Ecuador for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)  (doubtful)
Ecuador for Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972  (doubtful)
Europe for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 18 for Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947 
FAO fishing area 34 for Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 
FAO fishing area 34 for Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898 
FAO fishing area 34 for Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955) 
FAO fishing area 34 for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) 
FAO fishing area 34 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 37 for Ginglymostoma cirratum (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 41 for Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983 
FAO fishing area 41 for Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) 
FAO fishing area 41 for Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955) 
FAO fishing area 47 for Alopias pelagicus Nakamura, 1935 
FAO fishing area 47 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 47 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 47 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 47 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 47 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 47 for Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898 
FAO fishing area 47 for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) 
FAO fishing area 47 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 47 for Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783) 
FAO fishing area 48 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 48 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 48 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Alopias pelagicus Nakamura, 1935 
FAO fishing area 51 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 51 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 51 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980 
FAO fishing area 51 for Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838 
FAO fishing area 51 for Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838 
FAO fishing area 51 for Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith, 1949) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 51 for Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966 
FAO fishing area 51 for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898 
FAO fishing area 51 for Nebrius ferrugineus (Lesson, 1831) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Günther, 1867) 
FAO fishing area 51 for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 
FAO fishing area 51 for Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Alopias pelagicus Nakamura, 1935 
FAO fishing area 57 for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 
FAO fishing area 57 for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
FAO fishing area 57 for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) 
FAO fishing area 57 for Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983 
FAO fishing area 57 for Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838 
Syntype MACN, identified as Cetorhinus maximus normani (Siccardi, 1961)
Holotype BSKU, identified as Cirrhoscyllium japonicum Kamohara, 1943
Holotype DBCUCH, locality Chile, identified as Lamna huidobrii Philippi, 1887
Holotype MHN, locality Inhambane, identified as Gyropleurodus ramalheira Smith, 1949
Holotype RMNH, locality Jakarta, identified as Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
Holotype ZITIU, locality Japan, identified as Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898
Holotype AMNH, locality Monterey, identified as Cestracion francisci Girard, 1855
Holotype ZSM, locality Sagami Bay, identified as Scapanorhynchus dofleini Engelhardt, 1912
Holotype BM, locality Sumatra, identified as Scyllium plagiosum Anonymous [Bennett], 1830
Holotype NMV (unknown), locality Victoria (Australian state), identified as Parascyllium nuchalis McCoy, 1874
Syntype USNM 00004SW, locality Japan, identified as Scapanorhynchus jordani Hussakof, 1909
Holotype MNHN 1003, locality Queensland, identified as Squalus ocellatus Bonnaterre, 1788
Holotype MNHN 1003, locality Queensland, identified as Squalus oculatus Banks & Solander, 1827
Holotype MNHN 1004, locality Tasmania, identified as Hemiscyllium variolatum Duméril, 1853
Lectotype MNHN 1010, locality Malabar Coast, identified as Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838
Holotype MCZ 1166-S, locality Massachusetts, identified as Vulpecula marina Garman, 1913
Holotype MNHN 14-9, locality Fort Dauphin, identified as Chiloscyllium caeruleopunctatum Pellegrin, 1914
Syntype BMNH 1845.7.3.143, locality South Africa, identified as Squalus tuberculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Holotype BMNH 1850.9.5:3, locality South Africa, identified as Carcharodon capensis Smith, 1839
Holotype BMNH 1853.11.12.205, locality East Indian Ocean, identified as Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Holotype BMNH 1853.11.12.205, locality Indian Ocean, identified as Squalus colax Meuschen, 1781
Syntype BMNH 1853.11.12.205, locality Indian Ocean, identified as Squalus tuberculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Holotype BMNH 1853.11.12.205, locality Indian Ocean, identified as Squalus caudatus Gronow, 1854
Syntype BMNH 1862.11.1.18, locality Japan, identified as Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906
Syntype BMNH 1862.11.1.90, locality Japan, identified as Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906
Holotype BM 1862.7.2.2, locality Australia, identified as Cestracion galeatus Günther, 1870
Holotype BMNH 1867.11.28.100 or 183, locality Amboina, identified as Cestracion amboinensis Regan, 1906
Lectotype BMNH 1867.11.28.196, locality Mollucas, identified as Chiloscyllium hasselti Bleeker, 1852
Syntype BMNH 1867.11.28.209, identified as Crossorhrinus dasypogon Bleeker, 1867
Holotype BMNH 1867.3.9.423, locality Zanzibar, identified as Ginglymostoma brevicaudatum Günther, 1867
Neotype BMNH 1953.5.10.1, locality North West Australia, identified as Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson, 1843
Holotype BMNH 1953.5.10.4, locality China, identified as Centracion zebra Gray, 1831
Holotype MNHN 1963-1, locality Guinea, identified as Pseudocarcharias pelagicus (Cadenat, 1963)
Holotype USNM 197427, locality Indo-Pacific, identified as Isurus alatus Garrick, 1967
Holotype NMSZ 1979.012, locality Orkney Islands, identified as Halsydrus pontoppidiani Neill, 1809
Holotype BMNH 1982.2.26.1, locality China Sea, identified as Scyllium ornatum Gray, 1830
Holotype SAMA 2, locality Gulf of St. Vincent, identified as Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883)
Holotype USNM 202672, locality Burma, identified as Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983
Holotype BPBM 22730, locality Oahu Island, identified as Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983
Syntype RMNH 2529, identified as Oxyrhina glauca Müller & Henle, 1839
Lectotype RMNH 2533, identified as Oxyrhina glauca Müller & Henle, 1839
Lectotype SMF 2538, locality Massawa, identified as Nebrius concolor Rüppell, 1837
Lectotype RMNH 2587, identified as Oxyrhina glauca Müller & Henle, 1839
Holotype MMF 2691, locality Madeira, identified as Carcharias noronhai Maul, 1955
Holotype TFRI 2895, locality Taiwan, identified as Carcharias yangi Teng, 1959
Holotype MNHN 3445, locality Galapagos, identified as Cestracion quoyi Fréminville, 1840
Holotype MNHN 3445, locality Galapagos, identified as Cestracion pantherinus Valenciennes, 1846
Holotype TFRI 3574, locality Taiwan, identified as Cirrhoscyllium formosanum Teng, 1959
Neotype CAS 36046, locality Java Sea, identified as Scyllium plagiosum Anonymous [Bennett], 1830
Holotype MCZ 36471, locality California, identified as Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947
Neotype BSKU 3656, locality Japan, identified as Cirrhoscyllium japonicum Kamohara, 1943
Holotype RUSI 426, locality Algoa Bay, identified as Isurus tigris africanus Smith, 1957
Holotype AMNH 44126, locality Kerala, identified as Chiloscyllium confusum Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983
Holotype ZMB 4449, locality Indian Ocean, identified as Squalus fasciatus Hermann, 1783
Holotype ZMB 4528, identified as Oxyrhina gomphodon Müller & Henle, 1839
Holotype ZISP 46984, locality Vietnam, identified as Chiloscyllium dolganovi Kharin, 1987
Syntype ZMB 5073, locality Adelaide, identified as Crossorhinus tentaculatus Peters, 1864
Syntype NNM 5118, locality Indonesia, identified as Crossorhrinus dasypogon Bleeker, 1867
Syntype ZMB 5264, locality Adelaide, identified as Crossorhinus tentaculatus Peters, 1864
Holotype ZMB 5508, locality Cuba, identified as Ginglymostoma fulvum Poey, 1861
Holotype NMV 58434 or 58437, identified as Alopias caudatus Phillipps, 1932
Holotype RMNH 7400, locality Singapore, identified as Nebrius concolor Rüppell, 1837
Holotype RMNH 7404, locality Mollucas, identified as Chiloscyllium margaritiferum Bleeker, 1863
Holotype RMNH 7406, locality Java, identified as Chiloscyllium phymatodes Bleeker, 1852
Syntype NNM 7411, identified as Crossorhrinus dasypogon Bleeker, 1867
Holotype USNM 74603, locality South China Sea, identified as Cirrhoscyllium expolitum Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
Lectotype MNHN 7767, locality Indonesia, identified as Scyllium malaisianum Lesson, 1831
Holotype MNHN 7767 (not certain), identified as Chiloscyllium malaianum (Lesson, 1831)
Holotype MCZ 820-S, locality Mauritius, identified as Nebrodes macrurus Garman, 1913
Holotype MCZ 89505, locality Massachusetts, identified as Carcharias atwoodi Storer, 1848
Lectotype QM 965, locality Moreton Bay, identified as Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
Holotype MNHN 9853, identified as Squalus pelegrinus Blainville, 1810
Holotype MNHN 9855, locality Table Bay, identified as Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
Lectotype MNHN A.7654, identified as Squalus cirratus Bonnaterre, 1788
Lectotype MNHN A.7792, locality Indonesia, identified as Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Syntype MNHN A.7792, locality Indonesia, identified as Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Holotype QM AFAQ 410, locality Moreton Bay, identified as Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
Syntype MNHN B.2962, locality Indonesia, identified as Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Holotype AM B.68, locality Tokyo Bay, identified as Cestracion japonicus (Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884)
Holotype AM E.4604, locality Port Phillip Bay, identified as Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch, 1911
Holotype FAKU Fish spec 1923, locality Japan, identified as Carcharias kamoharai Matsubara, 1936
Holotype QM I.1216, locality Queensland, identified as Nebrodes concolor ogilbyi Whitley, 1934
Syntype AM I.15584-001, locality Papua New Guinea, identified as Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley, 1967
Syntype AM I.15717-001, locality Papua New Guinea, identified as Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley, 1967
Holotype QM I.1587, locality Table Bay, identified as Heterodontus bonaespei Ogilby, 1908
Holotype QM I.164, locality Moreton Bay, identified as Crossorhinus ornatus De Vis, 1883
Holotype AM I.1723, locality New South Wales, identified as Carcharodon albimors Whitley, 1939
Holotype AM I.1874, locality Port Jackson, identified as Parascyllium collare Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888
Holotype AM I.4174, locality New South Wales, identified as Stegostoma tigrinum naucum Whitley, 1939
Syntype AM I.5405, locality Torres Strait, identified as Orectolobus ogilbyi Regan, 1909
Holotype AM IA.4311, locality South Africa, identified as Isurus bideni Phillipps, 1932
Holotype AM IA-7784, locality North Australia, identified as Orectolobus wardi Whitley, 1939
Holotype AM IB.2136, locality New South Wales, identified as Odontaspis herbsti Whitley, 1950
Holotype AM IB.7938, locality New Guinea, identified as Hemiscyllium strahani Whitley, 1967
Holotype QVM old no. H.T.983, locality Tasmania, identified as Parascyllium multimaculatum Scott, 1935
Holotype SIO SIO-70-90, locality Sonora, identified as Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972
Afrikaans bulkophaaie for Heterodontidae Gray, 1851
Afrikaans fynstert-sambokhaai for Alopias vulpinus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Afrikaans grootoog-sambokhaai for Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841
Afrikaans grootoog-skeurtandhaai for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936)
Afrikaans haringhaai for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Afrikaans husha k’o for Heterodontidae Gray, 1851
Afrikaans Japanse bulkophaai for Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884
Afrikaans kabouterhaai for Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898
Afrikaans Knopstert-skeurtandhaai for Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
Afrikaans koesterhaai for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
Afrikaans mambone for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Afrikaans moro for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Afrikaans Mosambiekse bulkophaai for Heterodontus ramalheira (Smith, 1949)
Afrikaans sarda for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Afrikaans spikkel-skeurtandhaai for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
Afrikaans springhaai for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Afrikaans witdoodshaai for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Afrikaans withaai for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
Arabic baglul for Stegostoma fasciatum (Hermann, 1783)
Burmese nga man ing-myong for Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Catalan marraix for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Catalan nas llarg for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Catalan solraig for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
Catalan tauró for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Chinese chienhai chang for Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1835
Chinese chienhai chang wei sha k’o for Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1835
Chinese kau kang sha for Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Chinese maou urh sha for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
Chinese mau i sha for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
Chinese pan chu sha for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Chinese ta sha for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Chinese tofu sa for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
Danish brugde for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
Danish sildehaaen for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Danish sillhaj for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English (common) Atlantic mackerel shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English American porbeagle for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English anchovy-eater for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Arabian bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980
English Arabian carpet shark for Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980
English Atlantic mako shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English Atlantic porbeagle for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English Australian cat sharks for Parascylliidae Gill, 1862
English bamboo sharks for Chiloscyllium Müller & Henle, 1837
English banded wobbegong for Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883)
English barbelthroat carpet shark for Cirrhoscyllium expolitum Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
English barred bull-head shark for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
English barred shark for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
English basking shark for Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
English bearded shark for Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906
English bearded wobbegong for Eucrossorhinus dasypogon (Bleeker, 1867)
English Beaumaris shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English big mouth shark for Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno & Struhsaker, 1983
English bigeye ragged-tooth for Pseudocarcharias kamoharai (Matsubara, 1936)
English black sand tiger for Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955)
English blackbanded bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838
English blackbanded catshark for Chiloscyllium griseum Müller & Henle, 1838
English blind shark for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English blue dog for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English blue nurse shark for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue pointer for Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
English blue pointer for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue porpoise shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English blue shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English bluegray carpet shark for Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
English blue-grey catshark for Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
English blue-grey shark for Brachaelurus colcloughi Ogilby, 1908
English bluespotted bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
English bone shark for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
English bonito shark for Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
English bottle-nosed shark for Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English brown cat-shark for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English brown shark for Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810
English brownbanded bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
English brown-banded catshark for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
English brownspotted catshark for Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
English buffalo hornshark for Heterodontus mexicanus Taylor & Castro-Aguirre, 1972
English bull head for Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884
English bullhead for Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793)
English bullhead shark for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)
English bullhead shark for Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer, 1793)
English bullhead sharks for Heterodontiformes
English bumpytail ragged-tooth shark for Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810)
English Burmese bamboo shark for Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983
English California bull-head shark for Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855)
English Cape basking shark for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
English capidolo for Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765)
English carpet shark for Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906
English carpet shark for Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
English carpet shark for Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883)
English carpet sharks for Orectolobiformes
English carpetsharks for Orectolobidae Gill, 1896
English cat shark for Brachaelurus waddi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
English cat shark for Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
English cat shark for Hemiscyllium trispeculare Richardson, 1843
English cat shark for Heterodontus japonicus Miklouho-Maclay & MacLeay, 1884
English cat shark for Heterodontus zebra (Gray, 1831)
English cat shark for Parascyllium collare Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888
English cat shark for Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch, 1911




 Biology

Oviparous, details of spawning not recorded. Biology poorly known. Probably eats bottom invertebrates as with other ... [details]

 Depth range

deepish water species found at 40 to 275 m, with most records below 100m and from trawler hauls [details]

 Diet

feeds on a wide variety of bony fishes (teleosts), with elasmobranchs an important secondary prey; crustaceans, ... [details]

 Diet

Feeds on crabs and demersal fishes including midshipman (Porichthys, Batrachoididae). [details]

 Diet

feeds on crustaceans, molluscs (including top shells [Trochidae; Gastropoda]), small fishes and sea urchins. [details]

 Diet

feeds primarily on benthic invertebrates, mainly echinoderms. Prey items include sea urchins, starfish, ... [details]

 Habitat

A common benthic and epibenthic shark, found on the eastern Pacific continental shelf most abundantly at depths ... [details]

 Habitat

A common, temperate-water bullhead shark of the western North Pacific continental shelf, occurring at moderate ... [details]

 Habitat

A little-known but apparently common tropical and warm-temperate bullhead shark of inshore continental and insular ... [details]

 Habitat

A little-known but possibly common tropical inshore bottom shark of the Australian northern continental shelf. ... [details]

 Habitat

A little-known inshore bottom shark, possibly on coral reefs. [details]

 Habitat

A little-known temperate to tropical inshore bottom shark, found on rocky and coral reefs. [details]

 Habitat

A moderately common benthic and epibenthic shark of the southern Australian continental shelf at moderate depths, ... [details]

 Habitat

A warm-temperate and tropical bullhead shark of littoral continental waters, found on rocky bottom including reefs ... [details]

 Habitat

Acommon littoral, nocturnal bottom shark of the temperate Australian continental shelves and uppermost slopes, ... [details]

 Habitat

An inshore and offshore, littoral shark. This shark occurs in the surf zone off sandy and rocky beaches, in shallow ... [details]

 Habitat

Apoorly known, bottom-dwelling shark that inhabits the outer continental shelves and upper slopes and is found ... [details]

 Habitat

Apparently an inhabitant of the continental and insular slopes near the bottom at 600 to 1 000 or more metres ... [details]

 Habitat

Caught off southern Oman, depth 80 m, presumably on soft bottom as specimens came from commercial trawlers.  [details]

 Habitat

Found on coral reefs, lagoons, rocky shores, and mangrove estuaries, depths from 3 to 100 m. [details]

 Habitat

moderately deep water [details]

 Habitat

on the continental and insular shelves of the western Pacific from inshore down to at least 50 m in the South China ... [details]

 Habitat

outer continental shelf and uppermost slope [details]

 Habitat

Sand tiger sharks are tropical to warm-temperate, inshore to offshore, littoral and deepwater sharks. They occur in ... [details]

 Habitat

These are warm-temperate and tropical bottom sharks of water above 21°C, mostly confined to the continental and ... [details]

 Habitat

This shark is a little-known inhabitant of deepish water in warm-temperate and tropical seas, on or near the bottom ... [details]

 Length

Maximum 122 cm but most adults are below 97 cm.  [details]

 Length

Maximum about 83 cm; hatchling 18 cm; males immature at 39 cm, adolescent at 56 cm, adults to at least 69 cm; ... [details]

 Length

Maximum said to be 152 cm long and attaining at least 130 cm, but most individuals are below 122 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum size 61 cm. An adult male is 52 cm and an adult female 61.2 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum size about 70 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length 61 cm [details]

 Length

Maximum total length reported as 165 cm, but apparently rare above 137 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length about 120 cm. [details]

 Length

Maximum total length about 122 cm, hatchlings at least 15 cm, males immature at 44 cm and mature at 64 to 84 cm, ... [details]

 Length

Maximum total length at least 318 cm, with recent records from shark meshing operations in Australia suggesting a ... [details]

 Remark

pers. comm. for a bullhead shark collected off Oman, apparently representing an undescribed species. This is ... [details]