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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 
AphiaID: 105843

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorElasmobranchii (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNeoselachii (Subclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSelachii (Infraclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGaleomorphi (Superorder) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLamniformes (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspididae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias Rafinesque, 1810
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias Rafinesque, 1810
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharhinus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias griseus Ayres, 1843
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias owstoni Garman, 1913
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias platensis (Lahille, 1928)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCharcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEugmophodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810) (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEugomphodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamna ecarinata Hilgendorf, 1899
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis americanus (Mitchill, 1815)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis arenarius (Ogilby, 1911)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis cinerea Ramsay, 1880
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis platensis Lahille, 1928
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus americanus Mitchill, 1815
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus littoralis Lesueur, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus lixa Larrañaga, 1923
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus macrodus Mitchill, 1818
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Afrikaans Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspikkel-skeurtandhaai  [details]
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshkaqen i egër [from synonym]  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryellow sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryellow bellyUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiger sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspotted ragged-tooth sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshovel-nosed sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshovelnose sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsandtiger sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand tiger sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand tigerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorraggieUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorraggedtooth sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOwston’s sand sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey nurse sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey nurseUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrown sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblue nurse shark  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorverdounUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin taureauUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin sable tacheteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorodontaspide taureauUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlamio  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSandtigerhaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSandtiger  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorכריש-שן שורי [from synonym]  [details]
Hindi Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortoro bambacoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordundanee  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortriglochide tauroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpisci caniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorodontaspe tauroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarcharia tauro  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorumiwaniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshirowani  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΤαυροκαρχαρίας  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortawrosz piaskowy  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortoro bacotaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón toroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón de leznasUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón arenero tigreUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburónUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsardaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpez toro  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpamuk balığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpamuk baligiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkum kaplanıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkum kaplani  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайна піщана акулаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorАкула піщана звичайна  [details]
Vietnamese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorca nham nhonUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorca nham nhan  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Sicily [details]
From other sources
Angola
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAngola [details]
Argentina
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArgentina [details]
Australia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAustralia [details]
Bahamas
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBahamas [details]
Brazil
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBrazil [details]
Cameroon
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCameroon [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanada [details]
Cape Verde
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCape Verde [details]
Djibouti
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDjibouti [details]
Eritrea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEritrea [details]
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Ghana
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGhana [details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mauritania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritania [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIsraeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Morocco
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMorocco [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Namibia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNamibia [details]
Nigeria
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNigeria [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCanary Islands [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWestern Saharan Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Sao Tome and Principe
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSão Tomé and Principe [details]
Senegal
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSenegal [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
Tanzania
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTanzania [details]
United States
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUSA [details]
Uruguay
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUruguay [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBermuda [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCentral Pacific Ocean [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEastern Pacific [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 47 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 51 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 57 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 61 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 71 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFAO fishing area 81 [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Pacific [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthosoma crassum (Abildgaard, 1794) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion carchariae Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion crassus (Bere, 1936) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus floridanus Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus sinuatus Say, 1818 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus smithii Rathbun, 1886 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepeophtheirus natalensis Kensley & Grindley, 1973 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchtheinus oblongus Wilson C.B., 1908 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStibarobdella loricata (Harding, 1924) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (97 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (79 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FAO Species fact sheets 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FishBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (122 nucleotides; 97 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Lives mostly on or near the bottom, from the surf zone, in shallow bays, and around coral and rocky reefs down to at least 191 m depth on the outer shelves (Ref. 247). Migratory species which feeds on small fish, sharks, rays, squids, and on crabs and lobsters occasionally (Ref. 5213). Maybe solitary or forms small to large schools. Reproduction features ovophagy or uterine cannibalism. Only one of 16-23 egg cases survives. Inoffensive and unaggresive when not provoked (Ref. 247). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet feeds on a wide variety of bony fishes (teleosts), with elasmobranchs an important secondary prey; crustaceans, cephalopods, and marine mammals are also taken. Bony fish prey includes herring (Clupeidae), anchovies (Engraulidae), hake (Merluccidae), eels (Anguillidae), monkfish or anglers (Lophiidae), cusk eels (Ophidiidae), lizardfish (Synodontidae), sea catfish (Ariidae), croakers (Sciaenidae), Australian salmon (Arripidae), morwong (Cheilodactylidae), rock blackfish or opaleyes (Girellidae), bluefish, elf or taylor (Pomatomidae), mackerel and bonito (Scombridae),butterfishes (Stromateidae), snappers (Lutjanidae), wrasses (Labridae), mullet (Mugilidae), spadefish (Chaetodipteridae), sea robins (Triglidae), flatheads (Platycephalidae), duckbills (Percophidae), midshipmen (Batrachodidae), sea basses(Serranidae), porgies or sea bream (Sparidae), jacks (Carangidae), remoras (Echeneidae), flatfish (Pleuronectiformes) including soles (Soleidae), American soles (Achiridae), Atlantic flounders (Scophthalmidae), and righteye flounders (Paralichthyidae), and undoubtedly many others. Elasmobranch prey includes requiem sharks (Carcharhinidae), houndsharks (Triakidae), angel sharks (Squatinidae), skates (Rajidae) and their egg cases, and eagle rays (Aetobatus and Myliobatis, Myliobatidae). Invertebrate prey includes squid (Loliginidae), crabs, lobsters and hermit crabs (Paguridae). Plant material is rarely found in stomach contents, and presumably is accidentally ingested along with animal prey. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feeds on bony fishes, small sharks, rays, squids, crabs and lobsters [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of Maine to Argentina [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat benthic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat An inshore and offshore, littoral shark. This shark occurs in the surf zone off sandy and rocky beaches, in shallow bays, on offshore banks and reefs, in underwater caves, in troughs on sandy areas, and around coral and rocky reefs from the intertidal less than 1mdeep down to at least 191 m, with most at depths of 15 to 25 m. This species is often found near or on the bottom but also occurs in midwater or at the surface. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found at depths of 0-191 m, often on or near the bottom. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial, gamefish [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLength Maximum total length at least 318 cm, with recent records from shark meshing operations in Australia suggesting a maximum of at least 4.3 m. Older accounts attribute a size of at least 6.1 m to this species (Day, 1878), but this is unlikely. Size at birth 95 to 105 cm. Males maturing at about 190 to 195 cm with adults 220 to 257+ cm; females maturing at 220 cm or more and reaching 300+ cm, with immatures up to 225 cm. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators Man [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Ovoviviparous; has one of the lowest reproductive rates known among elasmobranchs, 1-2 large young every 2 years; in Florida waters, the birthing season is November to February [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105843
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z  changed  Bailly, Nicolas
  
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  Citation: Bailly, N. (2014). Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105843 on 2014-07-29
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License