WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810

105843 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105843)
accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Sicily  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Sicily [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Lives mostly on or near the bottom, from the...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Lives mostly on or near the bottom, from the surf zone, in shallow bays, and around coral and rocky reefs down to at least 191 m depth on the outer shelves (Ref. 247). Migratory species which feeds on small fish, sharks, rays, squids, and on crabs and lobsters occasionally (Ref. 5213). Maybe solitary or forms small to large schools. Reproduction features ovophagy or uterine cannibalism. Only one of 16-23 egg cases survives. Inoffensive and unaggresive when not provoked (Ref. 247). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of Maine to Argentina  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of Maine to Argentina [details]
Bailly, N. (2008). Carcharias taurus. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105843 on 2017-11-25

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License



basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Collette, B.B., and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.). 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 3rd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 748 p. [details]   

additional source Compagno, L.J.V. (1984). FAO Species Catalogue No. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. (125) Vol 4, Part 1. 246 pp. FAO, Rome. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEugmophodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEugomphodus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharhinus taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamna ecarinata Hilgendorf, 1899) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias griseus Ayres, 1843) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias owstoni Garman, 1913) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharias platensis (Lahille, 1928)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis americanus (Mitchill, 1815)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis arenarius (Ogilby, 1911)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis cinerea Ramsay, 1880) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis platensis Lahille, 1928) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaspis taurus (Rafinesque, 1810)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus americanus Mitchill, 1815) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus littoralis Lesueur, 1818) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus lixa Larrañaga, 1923) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus macrodus Mitchill, 1818) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCharcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Lives mostly on or near the bottom, from the surf zone, in shallow bays, and around coral and rocky reefs down to at least 191 m depth on the outer shelves (Ref. 247). Migratory species which feeds on small fish, sharks, rays, squids, and on crabs and lobsters occasionally (Ref. 5213). Maybe solitary or forms small to large schools. Reproduction features ovophagy or uterine cannibalism. Only one of 16-23 egg cases survives. Inoffensive and unaggresive when not provoked (Ref. 247). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet feeds on a wide variety of bony fishes (teleosts), with elasmobranchs an important secondary prey; crustaceans, cephalopods, and marine mammals are also taken. Bony fish prey includes herring (Clupeidae), anchovies (Engraulidae), hake (Merluccidae), eels (Anguillidae), monkfish or anglers (Lophiidae), cusk eels (Ophidiidae), lizardfish (Synodontidae), sea catfish (Ariidae), croakers (Sciaenidae), Australian salmon (Arripidae), morwong (Cheilodactylidae), rock blackfish or opaleyes (Girellidae), bluefish, elf or taylor (Pomatomidae), mackerel and bonito (Scombridae),butterfishes (Stromateidae), snappers (Lutjanidae), wrasses (Labridae), mullet (Mugilidae), spadefish (Chaetodipteridae), sea robins (Triglidae), flatheads (Platycephalidae), duckbills (Percophidae), midshipmen (Batrachodidae), sea basses(Serranidae), porgies or sea bream (Sparidae), jacks (Carangidae), remoras (Echeneidae), flatfish (Pleuronectiformes) including soles (Soleidae), American soles (Achiridae), Atlantic flounders (Scophthalmidae), and righteye flounders (Paralichthyidae), and undoubtedly many others. Elasmobranch prey includes requiem sharks (Carcharhinidae), houndsharks (Triakidae), angel sharks (Squatinidae), skates (Rajidae) and their egg cases, and eagle rays (Aetobatus and Myliobatis, Myliobatidae). Invertebrate prey includes squid (Loliginidae), crabs, lobsters and hermit crabs (Paguridae). Plant material is rarely found in stomach contents, and presumably is accidentally ingested along with animal prey. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feeds on bony fishes, small sharks, rays, squids, crabs and lobsters [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of Maine to Argentina [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat benthic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat An inshore and offshore, littoral shark. This shark occurs in the surf zone off sandy and rocky beaches, in shallow bays, on offshore banks and reefs, in underwater caves, in troughs on sandy areas, and around coral and rocky reefs from the intertidal less than 1mdeep down to at least 191 m, with most at depths of 15 to 25 m. This species is often found near or on the bottom but also occurs in midwater or at the surface. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Found at depths of 0-191 m, often on or near the bottom. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial, gamefish [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLength Maximum total length at least 318 cm, with recent records from shark meshing operations in Australia suggesting a maximum of at least 4.3 m. Older accounts attribute a size of at least 6.1 m to this species (Day, 1878), but this is unlikely. Size at birth 95 to 105 cm. Males maturing at about 190 to 195 cm with adults 220 to 257+ cm; females maturing at 220 cm or more and reaching 300+ cm, with immatures up to 225 cm. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators Man [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Ovoviviparous; has one of the lowest reproductive rates known among elasmobranchs, 1-2 large young every 2 years; in Florida waters, the birthing season is November to February [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchtheinus oblongus Wilson C.B., 1908 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion carchariae Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion crassus Wilson, 1932 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthosoma crassum (Abildgaard, 1794) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossobothrium laciniatum Linton, 1889 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepeophtheirus natalensis Kensley & Grindley, 1973 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus floridanus Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus sinuatus Say, 1818 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus smithii Rathbun, 1886 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStibarobdella loricata (Harding, 1924) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerranova galeocerdonis (Thwaite, 1927) Mozgovoi, 1953 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Afrikaans Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspikkel-skeurtandhaai  [details]
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshkaqen i egër [from synonym]  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzandtijgerhaai  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryellow sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoryellow bellyUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiger sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspotted ragged-tooth sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshovel-nosed sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshovelnose sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsandtiger sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand tiger sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand tigerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsand sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorraggieUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorraggedtooth sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOwston’s sand sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey nurse sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrey nurseUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbrown sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorblue nurse shark  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorverdounUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin taureauUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin sable tacheteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorodontaspide taureauUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlamio  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSandtigerhaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSandtiger  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorכריש-שן שורי [from synonym]  [details]
Hindi Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortoro bambacoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordundanee  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortriglochide tauroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpisci caniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorodontaspe tauroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcarcharia tauro  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorシロワニUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorumiwaniUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshirowani  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΤαυροκαρχαρίας  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortawrosz piaskowy  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortoro bacotaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón toroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón de leznasUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón arenero tigreUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburónUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsardaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpez toro  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpamuk balığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpamuk baligiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkum kaplanıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkum kaplani  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайна піщана акулаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorАкула піщана звичайна  [details]
Vietnamese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorca nham nhonUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorca nham nhan  [details]
Eugomphodus taurus
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Eugomphodus taurus
[image from synonym]

Odontaspis taurus
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Odontaspis taurus
[image from synonym]

Eugomphodus taurus
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Eugomphodus taurus
[image from synonym]