WoRMS taxon details

Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810

105839  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105839)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Rafinesque, C. S. (1810). Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. <em>Per le stampe di Sanfilippo: Palermo, Italy.</em> pp. 105, 20 fold. Pl., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/185076#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 12 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Lectotype  RMNH 2533,  RMNH 2587  
Lectotype RMNH 2533
Lectotype RMNH 2587
Type locality contained in Sicily  
type locality contained in Sicily [details]
Note Type species of genus. Genus Isurus in...  
From other sources
Type species Type species of genus. Genus Isurus in separate family Isuridae in <143> [details]
Description An aggressive and dangerous shark with fearsome-looking jaws. Found from the surface to at least 152 m. One of the most...  
Description An aggressive and dangerous shark with fearsome-looking jaws. Found from the surface to at least 152 m. One of the most active species; when hooked on a fishing line may leap out of the water and has been reported to attack boats. Believed to be the fastest swimming shark (Ref. 9988). Found in coastal and oceanic waters. Prefers temperatures above 16°C (Ref. 9988). Feeds on schools of fish, small sharks, and swordfish (Ref. 5213). Utilized fresh, dried/salted, smoked and frozen; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Valued for its fine quality meat as well as its fins and skin. Jaws and teeth are also sold as ornaments and trophies (Ref. 9988). [details]

Distribution Gulf of Maine to southern Brazil  
Distribution Gulf of Maine to southern Brazil [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105839 on 2018-12-15
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description Rafinesque, C. S. (1810). Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. <em>Per le stampe di Sanfilippo: Palermo, Italy.</em> pp. 105, 20 fold. Pl., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/185076#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 12 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Collette, B.B., and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.). 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 3rd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 748 p. [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Compagno, L.J.V. (2001). Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Volume 2. Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes). <em>FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes.</em> No. 1, Vol. 2. Rome, FAO. 269p. [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2018). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Lectotype RMNH 2533
Lectotype RMNH 2587
Syntype RMNH 2529
From other sources
Description An aggressive and dangerous shark with fearsome-looking jaws. Found from the surface to at least 152 m. One of the most active species; when hooked on a fishing line may leap out of the water and has been reported to attack boats. Believed to be the fastest swimming shark (Ref. 9988). Found in coastal and oceanic waters. Prefers temperatures above 16°C (Ref. 9988). Feeds on schools of fish, small sharks, and swordfish (Ref. 5213). Utilized fresh, dried/salted, smoked and frozen; eaten broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Valued for its fine quality meat as well as its fins and skin. Jaws and teeth are also sold as ornaments and trophies (Ref. 9988). [details]

Diet Feeds on fishes, including mackerels, tunas, and swordfish  [details]

Distribution Gulf of Maine to southern Brazil [details]

Habitat Usually found in surface waters, down to about 150m. [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Importance Social - Commercial, flesh is eaten by humans, gamefish  [details]

Type species Type species of genus. Genus Isurus in separate family Isuridae in <143> [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans moromambone  [details]
Albanian peshkaqen turishkurtërpeshkaqen tonil  [details]
Catalan solraig  [details]
Danish makrelhaj  [details]
Dutch spitsneushaaimakreelhaaikortvinmakreelhaaikortvin makreelhaai  [details]
English snapper sharkshortfin makoshort finned mako sharksharp-nosed mackerel sharksharpnose makosharp nosedporpoise sharkPacific mako sharkPacific bonito sharkMediterranean mackerel sharkmako sharkmakomackerel sharkmackerel porbeaglebonito sharkblue sharkblue porpoise sharkblue pointerAtlantic mako shark  [details]
French taupe bleuetaupe bleumako à nageoires courtes  [details]
German MakrelenhaiKurzflossen-Mako  [details]
Hebrew עמלץ כחול  [details]
Italian squalo makopiscicanipisci tunnuossirina dello spallanzanimeantocani di maricane di mare di Messinacagnia  [details]
Japanese アオザメmorozameawozameaozame  [details]
Lithuanian atlantinis pilkšvasis ryklys  [details]
Maori mako  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) ΡυγχοκαρχαρίαςΟξύρρυγχος καρχαρίας  [details]
Norwegian makrellhai  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål makrellhai  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk makrellhai  [details]
Polish rekin ostronosyostronos atlantycki  [details]
Portuguese rinquimmarrajo criollomarrachoanequin barbatana curtaanequin  [details]
Russian чёрнорылая акуласеро-голубая акуламакрелевая акулаакула мако  [details]
Spanish tiburón sobratgmarraquetmarrajo dientusomarrajomakoludia marracodientuso azuldentudoalecrín  [details]
Swedish makrillhaj  [details]
Tamil ganumu sorrah  [details]
Turkish mako kopekbaligidikburun canavar  [details]
Ukrainian сіро-блакитна акулаАкула-макоАкула сіро-блакитна  [details]