WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)

105819  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105819)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found in shallow water over the continental and insular shelves. Enters tropical waters during the winter (Ref. 9710). Feeds chiefly on fish and crustaceans but stingrays serves as a major diet in the warm waters (Ref. 2858). Juveniles live near the coasts. Fast-moving (Ref. 5213). Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat utilized fresh, dried salted, and possibly smoked for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, hide for leather and carcasses for fishmeal. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Southern New England to northern Argentina,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Southern New England to northern Argentina, straying north to Massachusetts Bay and Nova Scotia. [details]
Bailly, N. (2008). Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2017). FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105819 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Collette, B.B., and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.). 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 3rd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 748 p. [details]   

additional source Leim, A.H. and W.B. Scott. 1966. Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin No. 155. 485 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 234 [details]   

additional source Wheeler, A. (1992). A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(Suppl. A): 1-37 (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 234 [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus carolinensis Blainville, 1816) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualis pictus Blainville, 1816) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Hong Kong marine fish database. AFCD. , available online at http://www.hk-fish.net/eng/database/index.htm [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found in shallow water over the continental and insular shelves. Enters tropical waters during the winter (Ref. 9710). Feeds chiefly on fish and crustaceans but stingrays serves as a major diet in the warm waters (Ref. 2858). Juveniles live near the coasts. Fast-moving (Ref. 5213). Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat utilized fresh, dried salted, and possibly smoked for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, hide for leather and carcasses for fishmeal. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Southern New England to northern Argentina, straying north to Massachusetts Bay and Nova Scotia. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat found in shallow coastal waters; enters bays [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial, gamefish; danger to divers and swimmers [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators Unknown [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Viviparous, litter size of 20-40 pups [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchtheinus oblongus Wilson C.B., 1908 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion carchariae Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion difficilis Van Beneden, 1892 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthobothrium laciniatum Linton, 1890 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinemoura producta (O.F. Muller, 1785) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEllipsomyxa fusiformis (Davis, 1917) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus myctarothes Wilson C.B., 1913 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteronybelinia palliata (Linton, 1924) (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrodes gracilis (Heller, 1865) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroeyerina scottorum Cressey, 1970 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria echinata Rangnekar, 1956 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria lineata Van Beneden, 1853 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria sphyrnae Rangnekar, 1957 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepeophtheirus longispinosus Wilson C.B., 1908 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarsupiobothrium forte (Linton, 1924) Yamaguti, 1952 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus alatus Wilson C.B., 1905 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus orientalis Heller, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNybelinia bisulcata (Linton, 1889) (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNybelinia sphyrnae Yamaguti, 1952 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrygmatobothrium forte Linton, 1924 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOtobothrium crenacolle Linton, 1890 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOtobothrium penetrans Linton, 1907 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOtobothrium propecysticum Dollfus, 1969 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPagina tunica Cressey, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus cranchii Leach, 1819 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus floridanus Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus smithii Rathbun, 1886 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus zygaenae Brady, 1883 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPannosus japonicus (Shiino, 1960) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaorygmatobothrium exiguum (Yamaguti, 1935) Ruhnke, 1994 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParascarophis sphyrnae Campana-Rouget, 1955 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissopus dentatus Steenstrup & Lütken, 1861 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoreiobothrium exceptum Linton, 1924 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoreiobothrium lasium Linton, 1889 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoreiobothrium pectinatum Linton, 1924 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllothyreus cornutus (Milne Edwards, 1840) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlatybothrium parvum Linton, 1901 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorrocaecum sphyrnai Lakshmi, Rao & Shyamasundari, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProsobothrium adherens (Linton, 1924) Riser, 1955 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRaphidascaroides zygaenai Rajyalakshmi, 1995 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTentacularia coryphaenae Bosc, 1802 (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerranova galeocerdonis (Thwaite, 1927) Mozgovoi, 1953 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThysanocephalum crispum (Linton, 1889) Linton, 1890 (parasite)
LanguageName 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshku çekiçUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshku çekanUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshk karabinier  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhammerhaj  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhamerhaai  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsmooth hammerheadUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshovelhead sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhammerhead sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhammerhead  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin marteau  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHamerhaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorglatter Hammerhai  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorפטישן תמים-חרטום  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesce martello  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorシロシュモクザメ  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastasis kūjaryklis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΖύγαινα  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorryba młotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrekin młotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgłowomłot pospolity  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorобыкновенная акула-молот  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkladvenica  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón martillo cruzUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpez martilloUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda prietaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda cruz  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorçekiç köpekbalığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcekic kopekbaligiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorçekiç balığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcekic baligi  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorриба-молотUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайна акула-молотUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorАкула-молот звичайна  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorgi pen morthwyl  [details]