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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 105819

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorElasmobranchii (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNeoselachii (Subclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSelachii (Infraclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGaleomorphi (Superorder) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCarcharhiniformes (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrnidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna Rafinesque, 1810
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna Rafinesque, 1810
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualis pictus Blainville, 1816
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus carolinensis Blainville, 1816
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshku çekiçUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshku çekanUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeshk karabinier  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhammerhaj  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhamerhaai  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsmooth hammerheadUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorshovelhead sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhammerhead sharkUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhammerhead  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrequin marteau  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHamerhaiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorglatter Hammerhai  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorפטישן תמים-חרטום  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpesce martello  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastasis kūjaryklis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΖύγαινα  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorryba młotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrekin młotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgłowomłot pospolity  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorобыкновенная акула-молот  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkladvenica  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortiburón martillo cruzUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpez martilloUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda prietaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornuda cruz  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorçekiç köpekbalığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcekic kopekbaligiUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorçekiç balığıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcekic baligi  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorриба-молотUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайна акула-молотUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorАкула-молот звичайна  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorgi pen morthwyl  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Black Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBlack Sea [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIsraeli part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHaringvliet [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone (doubtful[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWesthinder [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion carchariae Krøyer, 1863 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria lineata Van Beneden, 1853 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDinemoura producta (O.F. Muller, 1785) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus cranchii Leach, 1819 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissopus dentatus Steenstrup & Lütken, 1861 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllothyreus cornutus (Milne Edwards, 1840) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus floridanus Cressey, 1967 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus smithii Rathbun, 1886 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus myctarothes Wilson C.B., 1913 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrodes gracilis (Heller, 1865) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria echinata Rangnekar, 1956 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyerina scottorum Cressey, 1972 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus alatus Wilson C.B., 1905 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesippus orientalis Heller, 1865 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPagina tunica Cressey, 1963 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPandarus zygaenae Brady, 1883 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPannosus japonicus (Shiino, 1960) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlebion difficilis Van Beneden, 1892 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKroyeria sphyrnae Rangnekar, 1957 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchtheinus oblongus Wilson C.B., 1908 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (77 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (217 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FishBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (39 nucleotides; 33 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found in shallow water over the continental and insular shelves. Enters tropical waters during the winter (Ref. 9710). Feeds chiefly on fish and crustaceans but stingrays serves as a major diet in the warm waters (Ref. 2858). Juveniles live near the coasts. Fast-moving (Ref. 5213). Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat utilized fresh, dried salted, and possibly smoked for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, hide for leather and carcasses for fishmeal. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Southern New England to northern Argentina, straying north to Massachusetts Bay and Nova Scotia. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat found in shallow coastal waters; enters bays [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat nektonic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial, gamefish; danger to divers and swimmers [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators Unknown [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Viviparous, litter size of 20-40 pups [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105819
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z  changed  Bailly, Nicolas
  
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  Citation: Bailly, N. (2014). Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105819 on 2014-10-22
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License