WoRMS taxon details

Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)

105819  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105819)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found in shallow water over the continental and insular shelves. Enters tropical...  
Description Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found in shallow water over the continental and insular shelves. Enters tropical waters during the winter (Ref. 9710). Feeds chiefly on fish and crustaceans but stingrays serves as a major diet in the warm waters (Ref. 2858). Juveniles live near the coasts. Fast-moving (Ref. 5213). Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat utilized fresh, dried salted, and possibly smoked for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, hide for leather and carcasses for fishmeal. [details]

Distribution Southern New England to northern Argentina, straying north to Massachusetts Bay and Nova Scotia.  
Distribution Southern New England to northern Argentina, straying north to Massachusetts Bay and Nova Scotia. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105819 on 2018-02-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (ofSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Collette, B.B., and G. Klein-MacPhee (eds.). 2002. Bigelow and Schroeder's Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 3rd edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. 748 p. [details]   

additional source Leim, A.H. and W.B. Scott. 1966. Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin No. 155. 485 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 234 [details]   

additional source Wheeler, A. (1992). A list of the common and scientific names of fishes of the British Isles. J. Fish Biol. 41(Suppl. A): 1-37 (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 234 [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source  (ofSqualus zygaena Linnaeus, 1758) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus carolinensis Blainville, 1816) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus malleus (Valenciennes, 1822)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualis pictus Blainville, 1816) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofZygaena malleus Valenciennes, 1822) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofZygaena subarcuata Storer, 1848) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofZygaena vulgaris Cloquet, 1830) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSphyrna zigaena (Linnaeus, 1758)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSpyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2017). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Hong Kong marine fish database. AFCD. , available online at http://www.hk-fish.net/eng/database/index.htm [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Coastal-pelagic and semi-oceanic. Often found in shallow water over the continental and insular shelves. Enters tropical waters during the winter (Ref. 9710). Feeds chiefly on fish and crustaceans but stingrays serves as a major diet in the warm waters (Ref. 2858). Juveniles live near the coasts. Fast-moving (Ref. 5213). Reported to cause poisoning (Ref. 4690). Meat utilized fresh, dried salted, and possibly smoked for human consumption, liver oil for vitamins, fins for soup, hide for leather and carcasses for fishmeal. [details]

Distribution Southern New England to northern Argentina, straying north to Massachusetts Bay and Nova Scotia. [details]

Habitat found in shallow coastal waters; enters bays [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Importance Social- Commercial, gamefish; danger to divers and swimmers [details]

Predators Unknown [details]

Reproduction Viviparous, litter size of 20-40 pups [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian peshku çekiçpeshku çekanpeshk karabinier  [details]
Danish hammerhaj  [details]
Dutch hamerhaai  [details]
English smooth hammerheadshovelhead sharkhammerhead sharkhammerhead  [details]
French requin marteau  [details]
German Hamerhaiglatter Hammerhai  [details]
Hebrew פטישן תמים-חרטום  [details]
Italian pesce martello  [details]
Japanese シロシュモクザメ  [details]
Lithuanian paprastasis kūjaryklis  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Ζύγαινα  [details]
Polish ryba młotrekin młotgłowomłot pospolity  [details]
Portuguese cornuda  [details]
Russian обыкновенная акула-молот  [details]
Slovenian kladvenica  [details]
Spanish tiburón martillo cruzpez martillocornuda prietacornuda cruz  [details]
Turkish çekiç köpekbalığıcekic kopekbaligiçekiç balığıcekic baligi  [details]
Ukrainian риба-молотЗвичайна акула-молотАкула-молот звичайна  [details]
Welsh morgi pen morthwyl  [details]