WoRMS taxon details

Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

105919  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105919)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofLaemargus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)) Bloch, M.E.; Schneider, J.G. (1801). M.E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Pp i-lx + 1-584, Pls. 1-110., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.5750 [details]   
Distribution Greenland, Davis Strait to Eastport, Maine  
Distribution Greenland, Davis Strait to Eastport, Maine [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105919 on 2018-06-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License


original description  (ofSomniosus brevipinna Lesueur, 1818) Lesueur, C.A. (1818). Description of several new species of North American fishes. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 1(2): 222-235; 359-368, Pls. 10, 11, 14. [details]   

original description  (ofSqualus borealis Scoresby, 1820) Scoresby, W. (1820). An Account of the Arctic Regions, with a History and Description of the northern Whale-Fishery, vol. 1 + 2. Hurst, Edinburgh 1:p.538, plate 15, fig.5 [details]   

original description  (ofLaemargus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)) Bloch, M.E.; Schneider, J.G. (1801). M.E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Pp i-lx + 1-584, Pls. 1-110., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.5750 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, W.B.; Scott, M.G. (1988). Atlantic fishes of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. No. 219. 731 pp. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source McEachran, J. D. (2009). Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Nijssen, H.; de Groot, S.J. (1987). De vissen van Nederland: systematische indeling, historisch overzicht, het ontstaan van de viskweek, uitheemse vissoorten, determineersleutels, beschrijvingen, afbeeldingen, literatuur, van alle in Nederlandse wateren voor komende zee- en zoetwatervissoorten [Fishes of the Netherlands: systematic classification, historical overview, origins of fish culture, non-indigenous species, determination keys, descriptions, drawings, literature references on all marine and freshwater fish species living in Dutch waters]. KNNV Uitgeverij: Utrecht, The Netherlands. ISBN 90-5011-006-1. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Bloch, M.E.; Schneider, J.G. (1801). M.E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Austoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. Pp i-lx + 1-584, Pls. 1-110., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.5750
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofLaemargus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLaemargus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record  (ofSomniosus brevipinna Lesueur, 1818) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSomniosus brevipinna Lesueur, 1818) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus borealis Scoresby, 1820) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSqualus borealis Scoresby, 1820) Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

additional source  (ofSqualus borealis Scoresby, 1820) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofSomniosus brevipinna Lesueur, 1818) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofSqualus norvegianus Blainville, 1825) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofLeiodon echinatum Wood, 1846) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofScymnus glacialis Faber, 1829) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofScymnus glacialis Faber, 1829) Van Beneden, P.-J. (1853). Sur un poisson rare de nos côtes (Scimnus glacialis) et ses parasites. Bull. Acad. R. Sci. Lett. B.-Arts Belg. XX(IIe partie): 258-263, 2 plates (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofScymnus gunneri Thienemann, 1828) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofScymnus micropterus Valenciennes, 1832) Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2018). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. , available online at http://www.fishbase.org [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Type locality 
 

From other sources
Diet Feed on fishes, including herring, Atlantic salmon, Arctic char, capelin, redfish, sculpins, lumpfish, cod, haddock, Atlantic halibut, Greenland halibut and skates, as well as cephalopods, gastropods, crustaceans, sea birds and marine mammals. [details]

Distribution Greenland, Davis Strait to Eastport, Maine [details]

Habitat nektonic [details]

Habitat Cool northern seas; found near the surface of estuaries, shallow bays and coastal waters during winter and cooler waters to 600m in summer. [details]

Importance Social- Minor commercial, gamefish [details]

Predators Man [details]

Reproduction Ovoviviparous [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish havkal  [details]
Dutch Groenlandse haaiapekal [from synonym]  [details]
English Greenland shark  [details]
French requin du Groenlandleichelamairgue du Groenlandlaimargue du Groenlandlaimargue atlantiquelaimargue  [details]
German GrönlandhaiEishai  [details]
Lithuanian arktinis ryklys  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål håkjerring  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk håkjerring  [details]
Polish rekin polarny  [details]
Russian акула полярная  [details]
Slovenian grenlandski morski pes  [details]
Spanish tiburón de Groenlandiatiburón ártico  [details]
Swedish håkäring  [details]
Turkish Grönland köpek balığı  [details]
Ukrainian Акула полярна гренландська  [details]
Welsh morgi'r Ynys Las  [details]