WoRMS taxon details

Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)

103862  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103862)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(ofAlcyonium schlosseri Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Bay of Fundy to North Carolina  
Distribution Bay of Fundy to North Carolina [details]

Distribution semi-cosmopolitan  
Distribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Taxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004).  
Taxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2018). Ascidiacea World Database. Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103862 on 2018-08-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofBotryllus bivittatus Milne Edwards, 1841) Milne Edwards, H. (1841). Observation sur les Ascidies composees des cotes de la Manche. Mem. Acad. Sci. Inst. Fr. 18: 217-326. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus calyculatus Alder & Hancock, 1907) Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1905-1912). The British Tunicata. London, Ray Society. vol.1 (1905), 146pp; 2 (1907), vol.2 (1907), 164pp; vol.3, (1912), 113pp. [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus gemmeus Savigny, 1816) Savigny, J. C. (1816). Memoires sur les animaux sans vertebres. Paris. 2: 1-239. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus gouldii Verrill, 1871) Verrill, A. E. (1871). Descriptions of some imperfectly known and new ascidians from New England. Amer. Jour. Sci, ser.3. 1: 54-58, 93-100, 211-212, 288-294, 443-446. [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus miniatus Alder & Hancock, 1912) Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1905-1912). The British Tunicata. London, Ray Society. vol.1 (1905), 146pp; 2 (1907), vol.2 (1907), 164pp; vol.3, (1912), 113pp. [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus minutus Savigny, 1816) Savigny, J. C. (1816). Memoires sur les animaux sans vertebres. Paris. 2: 1-239. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus polycyclus Savigny, 1816) Savigny, J. C. (1816). Memoires sur les animaux sans vertebres. Paris. 2: 1-239. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus rubens Alder & Hancock, 1848) Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. Trans. Tyneside Field Club. 1: 195-207. [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus smaragdus Milne Edwards, 1841) Milne Edwards, H. (1841). Observation sur les Ascidies composees des cotes de la Manche. Mem. Acad. Sci. Inst. Fr. 18: 217-326. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus stellatus Gaertner, 1774) Gaertner, J. (1774). Zoophyta, quaedam minuta. In: Pallas, P.S., Specilegia Zoologia. Berolini: G.A. Lange. fasc. 10: 24-41., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/spicilegiazoolog110pall#page/532/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus virescens Alder & Hancock, 1848) Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. Trans. Tyneside Field Club. 1: 195-207. [details]   

original description  (ofAlcyonium borlasii Turton, 1807) Turton, W. (1807). The British fauna, containing a compendium of the zoology of the British Islands, arranged according to the Linnean system. Swansea: J. Evans.  [details]   

original description  (ofAplidium verrucosum Dalyell, 1839) Dalyell, J. D. (1839). A singular mode of propagation among the lower animals illustrated. Edinburgh New Philosophy Journal. 26: 162-158. [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus castaneus Alder & Hancock, 1848) Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1848). Additions to the mollusca of Northumberland and Durham. Trans. Tyneside Field Club. 1: 195-207. [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus calendula Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus pruinosus Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus aurolineatus Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus morio Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus marionis Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus rubigo Giard, 1872) Giard, A. (1872). Recherches sur les Ascidies composées ou Synascidies. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 1:501-687, pls. 25-30. (Copepoda: 555). [details]   

original description  (ofBotryllus violatinctus Hartmeyer, 1909) Hartmeyer, R. (1909-1911). Ascidien (continuation of work by Seeliger). In: Bronn, H.G., Klassen und Ordnungen des Tier-reichs. Leipzig, 3, suppl. psts. 81-98,: 1281-1773. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus badius Alder & Hancock, 1912) Alder, J.; Hancock, A. (1905-1912). The British Tunicata. London, Ray Society. vol.1 (1905), 146pp; 2 (1907), vol.2 (1907), 164pp; vol.3, (1912), 113pp. [details]   

original description  (ofAlcyonium schlosseri Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus violaceus Milne Edwards, 1841) Milne Edwards, H. (1841). Observation sur les Ascidies composees des cotes de la Manche. Mem. Acad. Sci. Inst. Fr. 18: 217-326. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofBotryllus gascoi Della Valle, 1877) Della Valle, A. (1877). Contribuzioni alla storia naturalle delle Ascidie Composte del Golfo di Napoli. Napoli, tip. Comuni. 48 p. [details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Meinkoth, N.A. 1981. Field guide to North American seashore creatures. The Audubon Society. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 799 p. [details]   

additional source Miner, R. W. 1950. Field book of seashore life. G.P. Putnam & Sons. New York. 888 p. [details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Millar, R. H. (1955). On a collection of ascidians from South Africa. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 125(1): 169-221. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Kott, P. (1985). The Australian Ascidiacea part 1, Phlebobranchia and Stolidobranchia. Mem Qd Mus. 23: 1-440., available online at http://biostor.org/reference/109626 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kott, P.; Bradford-Grieve, J.; Esnal, G.; Murdoch, R.C. (2009). Phylum Tunicata: sea squirts, salps, appendicularians, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 409-430. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cole, L. and G. Lambert. 2009. Tunicata (Urochordata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1209–1216 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1978). A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. 329p. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Brine, O.; Hunt, L.; Costello, M. J. (2013). Marine biofouling on recreational boats on swing moorings and berths. Management of Biological Invasions. 4(4): 327-341., available online at https://doi.org/10.3391/mbi.2013.4.4.07 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

basis of record  (ofBotryllus badium Alder & Hancock, 1912) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofBotryllus gascoi Della Valle, 1877) Harant, H.; Vernieres, P. (1933). Tuniciers. Fasc. 1. Ascidies. In: Fauna de France. Paris. 27: 1-101., available online at https://faunedefrance.org/bibliotheque/docs/HARANT&VERNIERES(FdeFr27)Tunicier1.pdf [details]   

new combination reference  (ofAlcyonium schlosseri Pallas, 1766) Gaertner, J. (1774). Zoophyta, quaedam minuta. In: Pallas, P.S., Specilegia Zoologia. Berolini: G.A. Lange. fasc. 10: 24-41., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/spicilegiazoolog110pall#page/532/mode/1up
page(s): 37 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofBotryllus violaceus Milne Edwards, 1841) van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Kott P. & Goodbody I. (1982). The ascidians of Hong Kong. In: Morton B, editor. Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 1: pp 503-554.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Boschl [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species abundance in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Rare to common [details]

Introduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species management in Canadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence (Marine Region) : yes  [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : Recreational equipment: accidental with recreational equipment [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Portugal (Nation) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Diet plankton feeder [details]

Dimensions colonies extend 75-100 mm  [details]

Distribution Bay of Fundy to North Carolina [details]

Distribution semi-cosmopolitan [details]

Habitat circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Remark Millar, 1955 placed this species in Botryllidae [details]

Reproduction hermaphroditic; eggs shed and fertilized in the water [details]

Taxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish stor lædersøpung  [details]
Dutch paarse geleikorstgesterde geleikorst  [details]
English star squirtstar ascidiangolden star tunicate  [details]
French botrylle étoilé  [details]
German Stern-Seescheide  [details]
Japanese ウスイタボヤ  [details]
Swedish blomsjöpung  [details]