WoRMS taxon details

Botryllus Gaertner, 1774

103529  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103529)

accepted
Genus
Alcyonium Pallas, 1766 (preoccupied by Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 (Alcyoniidae, Octocorallia))
Species Botryllus arenaceus Monniot C., 1988
Species Botryllus aster Monniot C., 1991
Species Botryllus closionis Monniot C., Monniot F., Griffiths & Schleyer, 2001
Species Botryllus compositus Tokioka, 1967
Species Botryllus delicatus Okuyama & Saito, 2001
Species Botryllus eilatensis Shenkar & Monniot F., 2006
Species Botryllus elegans (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834)
Species Botryllus firmus Monniot F. & Monniot C., 1996
Species Botryllus flavus Sanamyan & Sanamyan, 2017
Species Botryllus gaiae Brunetti, 2020
Species Botryllus gregalis (Sluiter, 1898)
Species Botryllus horridus Saito & Okuyama, 2003
Species Botryllus japonicus (Oka, 1931)
Species Botryllus maeandrius (Sluiter, 1898)
Species Botryllus magnus Ritter, 1901
Species Botryllus mortenseni Millar, 1964
Species Botryllus ovalis Monniot C., 1988
Species Botryllus perspicuum Herdman, 1886
Species Botryllus planus (Van Name, 1902)
Species Botryllus primigenus Oka, 1928
Species Botryllus promiscuus Okuyama & Saito, 2002
Species Botryllus pumilus Monniot F., 2016
Species Botryllus puniceus Saito & Nagasawa, 2003
Species Botryllus renierii (Lamarck, 1815)
Species Botryllus rosaceus Savigny, 1816
Species Botryllus scalaris Saito & Mukai, 1981
Species Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)
Species Botryllus separatus Sluiter, 1904
Species Botryllus sexiens Saito & Watanabe, 1981
Species Botryllus stewartensis Brewin, 1958
Species Botryllus stuhlmanni Michaelsen, 1918
Species Botryllus tabori Rodrigues, 1962
Species Botryllus tuberatus Ritter & Forsyth, 1917

Species Botryllus racemosus Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 (nomen dubium)

Species Botryllus anceps (Herdman, 1891) accepted as Botrylloides anceps (Herdman, 1891) (new combination)
Species Botryllus anomalus Millar, 1962 accepted as Botryllus elegans (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (original combination)
Species Botryllus aurantius (Oka, 1927) accepted as Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 (synonym)
Species Botryllus aureus (Sars, 1851) accepted as Botrylloides aureum Sars, 1851 accepted as Botrylloides aureus Sars, 1851 (synonym)
Species Botryllus aurolineatus Giard, 1872 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus badium Alder & Hancock, 1912 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (literature misspelling)
Species Botryllus badius Alder & Hancock, 1912 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus bivittatus Milne Edwards, 1841 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus calendula Giard, 1872 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus calyculatus Alder & Hancock, 1907 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus castaneus Alder & Hancock, 1848 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus chevalense (Herdman, 1906) accepted as Botrylloides chevalense Herdman, 1906 accepted as Botrylloides chevalensis Herdman, 1906 (synonym)
Species Botryllus communis Oka, 1927 accepted as Botryllus tuberatus Ritter & Forsyth, 1917 (original combination)
Species Botryllus diegense (Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) accepted as Botrylloides diegensis Ritter & Forsyth, 1917 (synonym)
Species Botryllus eligulatum (Beniaminson, 1975) accepted as Botryllus tuberatus Ritter & Forsyth, 1917 (new combination)
Species Botryllus gascoi Della Valle, 1877 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766)
Species Botryllus gemmeus Savigny, 1816 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus giganteum Aron & Sole Cava, 1991 accepted as Botrylloides giganteum (Pérès, 1949) accepted as Botrylloides giganteus (Pérès, 1949) (considered Botryllus in a time that the two genera were considered synonyms)
Species Botryllus gouldii Verrill, 1871 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus gracilis Michaelsen, 1927 accepted as Botrylloides anceps (Herdman, 1891) (synonym)
Species Botryllus humilis Monniot C., 1988 accepted as Botrylloides anceps (Herdman, 1891) (junior synonym)
Species Botryllus leachi Savigny, 1816 accepted as Botrylloides leachii (Savigny, 1816) (literature misspelling)
Species Botryllus leachii (Savigny, 1816) accepted as Botrylloides leachii (Savigny, 1816) (new combination)
Species Botryllus lenis (Saito & Watanabe, 1985) accepted as Botrylloides lenis Saito & Watanabe, 1985 (synonym)
Species Botryllus leptus (Herdman, 1899) accepted as Botrylloides leachii (Savigny, 1816) (new combination)
Species Botryllus magnicoecum (Hartmeyer, 1912) accepted as Botrylloides magnicoecum (Hartmeyer, 1912) accepted as Botrylloides magnicoecus (Hartmeyer, 1912) (new combination)
Species Botryllus magnicoecus (Hartmeyer, 1912) accepted as Botrylloides magnicoecum (Hartmeyer, 1912) accepted as Botrylloides magnicoecus (Hartmeyer, 1912) (unjustified emendation)
Species Botryllus marionis Giard, 1872 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus miniatus Alder & Hancock, 1912 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus minutus Savigny, 1816 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus morio Giard, 1872 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus mortensi Millar, 1964 accepted as Botryllus mortenseni Millar, 1964 (Misspelling)
Species Botryllus namei Hartmeyer & Michaelsen, 1928 accepted as Botryllus planus (Van Name, 1902) (original combination)
Species Botryllus niger (Herdman, 1886) accepted as Botrylloides nigrum Herdman, 1886 accepted as Botrylloides niger Herdman, 1886 (misspelling)
Species Botryllus nigrum (Herdman, 1886) accepted as Botrylloides nigrum Herdman, 1886 accepted as Botrylloides niger Herdman, 1886 (new combination)
Species Botryllus okai Monniot C., 1988 accepted as Botryllus magnicoecus (Hartmeyer, 1912) accepted as Botrylloides magnicoecum (Hartmeyer, 1912) accepted as Botrylloides magnicoecus (Hartmeyer, 1912) (replacement name)
Species Botryllus perspicuus (Herdman, 1886) accepted as Botrylloides perspicuus (Herdman, 1886) (new combination)
Species Botryllus polycyclus Savigny, 1816 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus pruinosus Giard, 1872 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus pupureus (Oka, 1932) accepted as Botryllus purpureus (Oka, 1932) accepted as Botrylloides anceps (Herdman, 1891) (misspelling)
Species Botryllus purpureus (Oka, 1932) accepted as Botrylloides anceps (Herdman, 1891) (new combination)
Species Botryllus rubens Alder & Hancock, 1848 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus rubigo Giard, 1872 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus rufus (Oka, 1927) accepted as Botrylloides anceps (Herdman, 1891) (new combination)
Species Botryllus saccus (Kott, 2003) accepted as Botrylloides saccus Kott, 2003 (synonym)
Species Botryllus simodensis (Saito & Watanabe, 1981) accepted as Botrylloides simodensis Saito & Watanabe, 1981 (synonym)
Species Botryllus smaragdus Milne Edwards, 1841 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus stellatus Gaertner, 1774 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus tyreus (Herdman, 1886) accepted as Botrylloides tyreum Herdman, 1886 accepted as Botrylloides tyreus Herdman, 1886 (new combination)
Species Botryllus violaceus Milne Edwards, 1841 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Botryllus violatinctus Hartmeyer, 1909 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
Species Botryllus virescens Alder & Hancock, 1848 accepted as Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (original combination)
marine, terrestrial
Gaertner, J. (1774). Zoophyta, quaedam minuta. <em>In: Pallas, P.S., Specilegia Zoologia. Berolini: G.A. Lange.</em> fasc. 10: 24-41., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/spicilegiazoolog110pall#page/532/mode/1up
page(s): 37-39 [details]   
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2021). Ascidiacea World Database. Botryllus Gaertner, 1774. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103529 on 2021-12-08
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 10:29:40Z
checked

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original description Gaertner, J. (1774). Zoophyta, quaedam minuta. <em>In: Pallas, P.S., Specilegia Zoologia. Berolini: G.A. Lange.</em> fasc. 10: 24-41., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/spicilegiazoolog110pall#page/532/mode/1up
page(s): 37-39 [details]   

original description  (of Alcyonium Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P.S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6595 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Myxobotrus Oka, 1931) Oka, A. (1931). Uber Myxobotrus, eine neue Synascidien-Gattung. <em>Proc. Imp. Acad. Tokyo.</em> 6: 238-240. [details]   

original description  (of Parabotryllus Kott, 1975) Kott, P. (1975). The ascidians of South Australia. 3. Northen sector of the Great Australian Bight and additional record. <em>Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Austral.</em> 99(1): 1-20. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. <em>In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
LanguageName 
Norwegian Bokmål kolonisekkdyr  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk kolonisekkdyr  [details]