WoRMS source details

Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118.
124391
Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius
2005
Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species.
Mediterranean Marine Science
6(2):63-118.
Publication
The World Of Copepods (T. Chad Walter)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
This collaborative effort by many specialists across the Mediterranean presents an updated an-notated list of alien marine species in the Mediterranean Sea. Alien species have been grouped into six broad categories namely established, casual, questionable, cryptogenic, excluded and invasive, and presented in lists of major ecofunctional/taxonomic groups. The establishment success within each group is provided while the questionable and excluded records are commented in brief. A total of 963 alien species have been reported from the Mediterranean until December 2005, 218 of which have been classified as excluded (23%) leaving 745 of the recorded species as valid aliens. Of these 385 (52%) are already well established, 262 (35%) are casual records, while 98 species (13%) remain “questionable” records. The species cited in this work belong mostly to zoobenthos and in par-ticular to Mollusca and Crustacea, while Fish and Phytobenthos are the next two groups which prevail among alien biota in the Mediterranean. The available information depends greatly on the taxonomic group examined. Thus, besides the three groups explicitly addressed in the CIESM atlas series (Fish, Decapoda/Crustacea and Mollusca), which are however updated in the present work, Polychaeta, Phytobenthos, Phytoplankton and Zoo-plankton are also addressed in this study. Among other zoobenthic taxa sufficiently covered in this study are Echinodermata, Sipuncula, Bryozoa and Ascidiacea. On the contrary, taxa such as Foraminifera, Amphipoda and Isopoda, that are not well studied in the Mediterranean, are insufficiently covered. A gap of knowledge is also noticed in Parasites, which, although ubiquitous and pervasive in marine systems, have been relatively unexplored as to their role in marine invasions. Conclusively the lack of funding purely systematic studies in the region has led to underestimation of the number of aliens in the Mediterranean. Emphasis is put on those species that are current or potential threats to the marine ecosystems, namely the Worst Invasive Alien Species providing their record across major groups.
Mediterranean
Invasions, introduction of alien species
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Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (additional source)
Acabaria erythraea (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Melithaea erythraea (Ehrenberg, 1834) (additional source)
Acanthophora muscoides (Linnaeus) Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1828 (additional source)
Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876 (additional source)
Acartia (Acanthacartia) fossae Gurney, 1927 (additional source)
Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Acartia (Odontacartia) centrura Giesbrecht, 1889 (additional source)
Acetabularia caliculus J.V.Lamouroux, 1824 (additional source)
Acrochaetium codicola Børgesen, 1927 accepted as Colaconema codicola (Børgesen) H.Stegenga, J.J.Bolton & R.J.Anderson, 1997 (additional source)
Acrothamnion preissii (Sonder) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Acrothrix gracilis Kylin, 1907 (additional source)
Acteocina crithodes (Melvill & Standen, 1901) (additional source)
Actumnus globulus Heller, 1861 (additional source)
Adelactaeon amoenus (A. Adams, 1853) accepted as Monotygma amoena (A. Adams, 1853) (additional source)
Adelactaeon fulvus (A. Adams, 1853) accepted as Monotigma fulva (A. Adams, 1853) accepted as Monotygma fulva (A. Adams, 1853) (additional source)
Aequorea conica Browne, 1905 (additional source)
Aeverrillia setigera (Hincks, 1887) (additional source)
Agardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne, 1979 (additional source)
Aglaothamnion feldmanniae Halos, 1965 (additional source)
Ahnfeltiopsis flabelliformis (Harvey) Masuda, 1993 (additional source)
Alepes djedaba (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Alexandrium andersonii Balech, 1990 (additional source)
Alexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985 (additional source)
Alexandrium insuetum Balech, 1985 (additional source)
Alexandrium taylori Balech, 1994 (additional source)
Alopias superciliosus Lowe, 1841 (additional source)
Alpheus audouini Coutière, 1905 accepted as Alpheus edwardsii (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Alpheus inopinatus Holthuis & Gottlieb, 1958 (additional source)
Alpheus migrans Lewinsohn & Holthuis, 1978 (additional source)
Alpheus rapacida de Man, 1908 (additional source)
Alvania dorbignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Amathina tricarinata (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Amphicorina pectinata (Banse, 1957) (additional source)
Amphidinium inflatum Kofoid, 1931 (additional source)
Amphidinium lissae Schiller, 1925 (additional source)
Amphidinium vasculum Kofoid & Swezy, 1921 (additional source)
Amphidoma elongata Kofoid & Michener, 1911 (additional source)
Amphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874) (additional source)
Amphisolenia complanata Kofoid & Skogsberg, 1928 (additional source)
Amphisorus hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1839 (additional source)
Amphistegina lobifera Larsen, 1976 (additional source)
Anadara demiri (Piani, 1981) accepted as Anadara transversa (Say, 1822) (additional source)
Anadara natalensis (Krauss, 1848) (additional source)
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Angiola punctostriata (E. A. Smith, 1872) (additional source)
Angulus flacca [sic] accepted as Tellina (Angulus) flacca Römer, 1871 accepted as Nitidotellina lux (Hanley, 1844) (additional source)
Anoplodactylus californicus Hall, 1912 (additional source)
Antigona lamellaris Schumacher, 1817 (additional source)
Antithamnion amphigeneum A.J.K.Millar, 1990 (additional source)
Antithamnion pectinatum (Montagne) J.Brauner, 1994 (additional source)
Antithamnionella sublittoralis (Setchell & Gardner) Athanasiadis, 1996 (additional source)
Antithamnionella ternifolia (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Lyle, 1922 (additional source)
Apanthura sandalensis Stebbing, 1900 (additional source)
Apionsoma (Apionsoma) trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902 (additional source)
Aplysia parvula Mörch, 1863 (additional source)
Apoglossum gregarium (E.Y.Dawson) M.J.Wynne, 1985 (additional source)
Apogon pharaonis Bellotti, 1874 accepted as Apogonichthyoides pharaonis (Bellotti, 1874) (additional source)
Arietellus pavoninus Sars G.O., 1905 (additional source)
Arius parkii Günther, 1864 (additional source)
Ascidia cannelata Oken, 1820 (additional source)
Ashtoret lunaris (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Asparagopsis armata Harvey, 1855 (additional source)
Aspidosiphon (Akrikos) mexicanus (Murina, 1967) (additional source)
Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) elegans (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (additional source)
Astacolus insolitus (Schwager, 1866) (additional source)
Astacolus sublegumen (Parr, 1950) accepted as Vaginulinopsis sublegumen Parr, 1950 (additional source)
Asterina burtoni Gray, 1840 accepted as Aquilonastra burtoni (Gray, 1840) (additional source)
Asterodinium gracile Sournia, 1972 (additional source)
Atactodea glabrata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Atactodea striata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Atergatis roseus (Rüppell, 1830) (additional source)
Atherinomorus lacunosus (Forster, 1801) (additional source)
Atys cylindricus (Helbling, 1779) accepted as Aliculastrum cylindricum (Helbling, 1779) (additional source)
Audouinella robusta (Børgesen) Garbary, 1979 accepted as Acrochaetium robustum Børgesen, 1915 (additional source)
Audouinella subseriata (Børgesen) Garbary, 1987 accepted as Acrochaetium subseriatum Børgesen, 1932 (additional source)
Balanus eburneus Gould, 1841 accepted as Amphibalanus eburneus (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Balanus improvisus Darwin, 1854 accepted as Amphibalanus improvisus (Darwin, 1854) (additional source)
Balanus reticulatus Utinomi, 1967 accepted as Amphibalanus reticulatus (Utinomi, 1967) (additional source)
Balanus trigonus Darwin, 1854 (additional source)
Barbatia trapezina (Lamarck, 1819) (additional source)
Bemlos leptocheirus (Walker, 1909) (additional source)
Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834 (additional source)
Bonamia ostreae Pichot, Comps, Tigé, Grizel & Rabouin, 1980 (additional source)
Bonnemaisonia hamifera Hariot, 1891 (additional source)
Botryllus schlosseri (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Botryocladia madagascariensis G.Feldmann, 1945 (additional source)
Bougainvillia niobe Mayer, 1894 (additional source)
Branchiomma boholense (Grube, 1878) (additional source)
Branchiomma luctuosum (Grube, 1870) (additional source)
Bulla ampulla Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Bursatella leachi [sic] accepted as Bursatella leachii Blainville, 1817 (additional source)
Calanopia biloba Bowman, 1957 (additional source)
Calanopia elliptica (Dana, 1849) (additional source)
Calanopia media Gurney, 1927 (additional source)
Calanopia minor Scott A., 1902 (additional source)
Calappa hepatica (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Calappa pelii Herklots, 1851 (additional source)
Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 (additional source)
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (additional source)
Callionymus filamentosus Valenciennes, 1837 (additional source)
Callista florida (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)