WoRMS taxon details

Alexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985

231873  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:231873)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Whedon W.F. & Kofoid C.A. 1936. Dinoflagellates of the San Francisco region. I. On the skeletal morphology of two new species, <i>Gonyaulax catenella</i> and <i>G. acatenella</i>. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 41: 25-34. [details]   
Type locality contained in San Francisco  
type locality contained in San Francisco [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52031  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52031 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Alexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=231873 on 2018-12-13
Date
action
by
2006-07-13 10:06:39Z
created
2006-07-27 06:59:07Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2010-10-27 09:50:34Z
changed
2010-12-13 10:09:16Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed
2017-03-02 13:51:38Z
changed

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original description Whedon W.F. & Kofoid C.A. 1936. Dinoflagellates of the San Francisco region. I. On the skeletal morphology of two new species, <i>Gonyaulax catenella</i> and <i>G. acatenella</i>. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 41: 25-34. [details]   

original description  (ofAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Balech, E. (1985). The genus <i>Alexandrium</i> or <i>Gonyaulax</i> of the <i>tamarensis</i> group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (Eds.) Toxic Dinoflagellates. New York: Elsevier. P. 33–38. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) City University of Hong Kong.(2008). Provision of Services for data analysis of phytoplankton community of Hong Kong marine waters. Final report. Submitted to the Environmental Protection Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Lutaenko, K.A.; Furota, T.; Nakayama; S.; Shin, K.; Xu, J. (2013). Atlas of Marine Invasive Species in the NOWPAP Region. Beijing: NOWPAP DINRAC (Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center). 189 pp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. <em>En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía.</em> pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Prud’homme van Reine, Willem F. (2017). Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Algae: 15. <em>Taxon.</em> 66(1): 191–192; February 2017., available online at https://doi.org/10.12705/661.16 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Çinar, M.E.; Pancucci-Papadopoulou, M.A.; Harmelin, J.-G.; Furnari, G.; Andaloro, F.; Bellou, N.; Streftaris, N.; Zibrowius, H. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 6 (2): 63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference Balech, E. (1985). The genus <i>Alexandrium</i> or <i>Gonyaulax</i> of the <i>tamarensis</i> group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (Eds.) Toxic Dinoflagellates. New York: Elsevier. P. 33–38. [details]   

toxicology source Burke J.M., Marchisotto J., McLaughlin J.J.A. & Provasoli L. 1960. Analysis of the toxin produced by <i>Gonyaulax catenella</i> in axenic culture. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 90: 837-842. [details]   

toxicology source Bates H.A., Kostriken R. & Rapoport H. 1978. The occurrence of saxitoxin and other toxins in various dinoflagellates. Toxicon 16: 595-601. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52031 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect Producer of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins and fish mass mortality causative substance. [details]

Identification Based on studies of ribosomal genes, species of the so-called tamarense group fall into 5 groups. It has been suggested that each group should be considered a separate species. Group I contains several morphospecies, including A. catenella, A. tamarense and (John et al. 2014). It has been suggested that Group I should be named A. fundyense (John et al 2014). If the ribospecies concept is accepted for the tamarense group, it has serious implications for the naming of many isolates, and studies on additional genes are needed to confirm or refute the above suggestion.
Material from the type locality of A. tamarense is not part of Group I. However, both the type localities of A. catenella and A. fundyense fall into the geographical distribution of Group I. It has been proposed formally to the Nomenclature Committee for Algae (John et al. 2014) that the junior name A. fundyense should be applied to group I. In contrast, Fraga et al. (2015) maintained that the oldest name A. catenella has priority and should be used. The proposal to use the name fundyense was rejected by the Nomenclature Committee, and if the two taxa are considered to belong to the same species, then the oldest name A. catenella must be used (Prud'homme van Reine 2017). [details]

Introduced species impact The recent expansion to other sites of the Sardinian coasts (A. Lugliè, pers. com.) and Ionian Sicilian coasts (M.G. Giacobbe, pers, com.), along with its toxicity and potential impact on human health, support that the species is invasive [details]
 

Alexandrium fundyense Balech 1985
 Alexandrium fundyen...
[image from synonym]

Alexandrium fundyense
 Alexandrium fundyense
[image from synonym]

Alexandrium fundyense
 Alexandrium fundyense
[image from synonym]