WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985

231873  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:231873)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Whedon W.F. & Kofoid C.A. 1936. Dinoflagellates of the San Francisco region. I. On the skeletal morphology of two new species, Gonyaulax catenella and G. acatenella. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 41: 25-34. [details]   
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDistribution San Francisco  
Trusted: edited by a thematic editortype locality contained in San Francisco [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52031  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52031 [details]
Guiry, Michael D. (2017). Alexandrium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Balech, 1985. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=231873 on 2017-12-16

Date
action
by
2006-07-13 10:06:39Z
created
2006-07-27 06:59:07Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-21 08:21:07Z
changed
2010-10-27 09:50:34Z
changed
2010-12-13 10:09:16Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed
2017-03-02 13:51:38Z
changed

Copyright notice: the information originating from AlgaeBase may not be downloaded or replicated by any means, without the written permission of the copyright owner (generally AlgaeBase). Fair usage of data in scientific publications is permitted.


original description Whedon W.F. & Kofoid C.A. 1936. Dinoflagellates of the San Francisco region. I. On the skeletal morphology of two new species, Gonyaulax catenella and G. acatenella. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 41: 25-34. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Balech, E. (1985). The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (Eds.) Toxic Dinoflagellates. New York: Elsevier. P. 33–38. [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Prud’homme van Reine, Willem F. (2017). Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Algae: 15. Taxon. 66(1): 191–192; February 2017., available online at https://doi.org/10.12705/661.16 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Lutaenko, K.A.; Furota, T.; Nakayama; S.; Shin, K.; Xu, J. (2013). Atlas of Marine Invasive Species in the NOWPAP Region. Beijing: NOWPAP DINRAC (Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center). 189 pp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference Balech, E. (1985). The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (Eds.) Toxic Dinoflagellates. New York: Elsevier. P. 33–38. [details]   

toxicology source Burke J.M., Marchisotto J., McLaughlin J.J.A. & Provasoli L. 1960. Analysis of the toxin produced by Gonyaulax catenella in axenic culture. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 90: 837-842. [details]   

toxicology source Bates H.A., Kostriken R. & Rapoport H. 1978. The occurrence of saxitoxin and other toxins in various dinoflagellates. Toxicon 16: 595-601. [details]   

toxicology source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Anderson D.M., Kulis D.M., Sullivan J.J., & Hall S. 1990. Toxin composition variation in one isolate of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense. Toxicon 28: 885-893. [details]   

toxicology source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Taroncher-Oldenburg G., Kulis D.M. & Anderson D.M. 1997. Toxin variability during the cell cycle of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense. Limnol. Oceanogr. 42: 1178 - 1188. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Steidinger, K.A.; Tangen, K. (1997). Dinoflagellates. pp. 387-584. In: C.R. Tomas (ed.) (1997). Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780126930184500057 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Prud’homme van Reine, Willem F. (2017). Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Algae: 15. Taxon. 66(1): 191–192; February 2017., available online at https://doi.org/10.12705/661.16 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Horner, R.A. 2002. A taxonomic guide to some common marine phytoplankton. Biopress Ltd. Bristol. 195 p.  [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Martin, J.L., M.M. LeGresley and P.M. Strain. 2001. Phytoplankton monitoring in the Western Isles region of the Bay of Fundy during 1997-98. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2349. iv + 85 p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlexandrium fundyense Balech, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax washingtonensis Hsu, 1967) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax washingtonensis Hsu, 1967) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax catenella Whedon & Kofoid, 1936) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax catenella Whedon & Kofoid, 1936) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax catenella Whedon & Kofoid, 1936) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGessnerium catenellum (Loeblich III & Loeblich) Taylor, 1979) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtogonyaulax catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Taylor, 1979) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax catenella Whedon & Kofoid, 1936) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGonyaulax washingtonensis Hsu, 1967) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtogonyaulax catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) Taylor, 1979) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGessnerium catenella (Whedon & Kofoid) F.J.R.Taylor, 1979) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

context source (HKRMS) City University of Hong Kong.(2008). Provision of Services for data analysis of phytoplankton community of Hong Kong marine waters. Final report. Submitted to the Environmental Protection Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52031 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorHarmful effect Producer of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins and fish mass mortality causative substance. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIdentification Based on studies of ribosomal genes, species of the so-called tamarense group fall into 5 groups. It has been suggested that each group should be considered a separate species. Group I contains several morphospecies, including A. catenella, A. tamarense and (John et al. 2014). It has been suggested that Group I should be named A. fundyense (John et al 2014). If the ribospecies concept is accepted for the tamarense group, it has serious implications for the naming of many isolates, and studies on additional genes are needed to confirm or refute the above suggestion.
Material from the type locality of A. tamarense is not part of Group I. However, both the type localities of A. catenella and A. fundyense fall into the geographical distribution of Group I. It has been proposed formally to the Nomenclature Committee for Algae (John et al. 2014) that the junior name A. fundyense should be applied to group I. In contrast, Fraga et al. (2015) maintained that the oldest name A. catenella has priority and should be used. The proposal to use the name fundyense was rejected by the Nomenclature Committee, and if the two taxa are considered to belong to the same species, then the oldest name A. catenella must be used (Prud'homme van Reine 2017). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact The recent expansion to other sites of the Sardinian coasts (A. Lugliè, pers. com.) and Ionian Sicilian coasts (M.G. Giacobbe, pers, com.), along with its toxicity and potential impact on human health, support that the species is invasive [details]
 

Alexandrium fundyense Balech 1985
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Alexandrium fundyen...
[image from synonym]

Alexandrium fundyense
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Alexandrium fundyense
[image from synonym]

Alexandrium fundyense
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Alexandrium fundyense
[image from synonym]