WoRMS source details

Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307
5880
Sheppard, C. R. C.
1987
Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns
Atoll Research Bulletin
Nr 307
Publication
A list is provided of hermatypic coral species from 24 locations in the Indian Ocean and its peripheral seas and gulfs. Six sites are newly reported or expanded accounts, and eighteen are derived from recent literature. This is intended : (1) to provide in one place, a uniform compilation of coral species from different areas and from many diverse accounts; (2) to apply synonyms to all sites in a consistent way for the first time, so that ; (3) regional analysis at species level is possible. Synonyms are taken mainly from two recent taxonomic series, but because species stability is poor in some genera and authors may differ in their views on synonymy, all names are shown. The sources of data were selected to reduce problems inherent in using diverse material, and many sources themselves include compilations and synonyms of much older works. From 796 entities initially obtained, the removal of synonyms and entries named "spp" leaves 439 species. Further reduction is probably needed. Species rich sites extend across the Indian Ocean, with no westerly decline from South east Asia; the Red Sea as a whole contains the most species. Cluster analysis shows geographical groupings in the Arabian Gulf/Arabian Sea area, in the Red Sea and in the southwest and central Indian Ocean island areas. Of these, the Arabian Group is the most separate. A second analysis corrected for diversity differences also shows three clear groups: a northern one from the Red Sea to Sri Lanka which includes the Arabian group; a large southern or equatorial region; and a group consisting of the Mergui, Nicobar and Andaman islands in the Bay of Bengal.
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Acropora abrotanoides (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Acropora africana (Brook, 1893) accepted as Acropora tenuis (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora alces (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora palmata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Acropora appressa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Acropora arbuscula (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora muricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Acropora arcuata (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora cytherea (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora attenuata (Brook, 1893) accepted as Acropora cervicornis (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Acropora baeodactyla (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora brevicollis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora cerealis (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora clathrata (Brook, 1891) (additional source)
Acropora complanata (Brook, 1893) accepted as Acropora clathrata (Brook, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Acropora conferta (Quelch, 1886) accepted as Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora conigera (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora cymbicyathus (Brook, 1893) accepted as Acropora cerealis (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora cytherea (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora danai (Milne Edwards, 1860) accepted as Acropora abrotanoides (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Acropora decipiens (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora disticha (Brook, 1893) (basis of record)
Acropora diversa (Brook, 1891) accepted as Acropora secale (Studer, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Acropora echinata (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora elseyi (Brook, 1892) (additional source)
Acropora eurystoma (Klunzinger, 1879) (basis of record)
Acropora exilis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora elseyi (Brook, 1892) (source of synonymy)
Acropora flabelliformis (Milne Edwards, 1860) accepted as Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora florida (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora formosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora muricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Acropora glochiclados (Brook, 1893) (basis of record)
Acropora gonagra (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora grandis (Brook, 1892) (basis of record)
Acropora granulosa (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora gravida (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora florida (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora humilis (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora indica (Brook, 1893) (basis of record)
Acropora intermedia (Brook, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Acropora irregularis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora abrotanoides (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Acropora latistella (Brook, 1892) (additional source)
Acropora leptocyathus (Brook, 1891) accepted as Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora macrostoma (Brook, 1891) accepted as Acropora tenuis (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora muricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Acropora murrayensis (Vaughan, 1918) accepted as Acropora loripes (Brook, 1892) (basis of record)
Acropora nobilis (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora oligocyathus (Brook, 1892) (basis of record)
Acropora orbicularis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora clathrata (Brook, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Acropora palmerae Wells, 1954 (source of synonymy)
Acropora patula (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora latistella (Brook, 1892) (source of synonymy)
Acropora pectinata (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora pinguis Wells, 1950 accepted as Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora pustulosa (Milne Edwards, 1960) accepted as Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860) (source of synonymy)
Acropora pyramidalis (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora rambleri Bassett-Smith, 1890 accepted as Acropora speciosa (Quelch, 1886) (basis of record)
Acropora recumbens (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora reticulata (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora cytherea (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora rotumana (Gardiner, 1898) accepted as Acropora abrotanoides (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Acropora rousseauii (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora scherzeriana (Brüggemann, 1877) accepted as Acropora gemmifera (Brook, 1892) (basis of record)
Acropora secale (Studer, 1878) (additional source)
Acropora selago (Studer, 1878) (additional source)
Acropora seriata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Acropora spectabilis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora humilis (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora spicifera (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora stigmataria (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora surculosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora symmetrica (Brook, 1891) accepted as Acropora cytherea (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora syringodes (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora longicyathus (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora tizardi (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora cerealis (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora tuberculosa (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora tylostoma (Ehrenberg, 1834) accepted as Acropora horrida (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora valida (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora variabilis (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Acropora valida (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora vasiformis (Brook, 1893) accepted as Acropora clathrata (Brook, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Acropora yongei Veron & Wallace, 1984 (basis of record)
Agaricia ponderosa Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Gardineroseris planulata (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Agariciella minikoiensis (Gardiner, 1905) accepted as Gardineroseris planulata (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Agariciella ponderosa (Gardiner, 1905) accepted as Gardineroseris planulata (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Alveopora daedalea (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Alveopora fenestrata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Alveopora octoformis Blainville, 1830 (basis of record)
Alveopora retepora (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (additional source)
Alveopora simplex (basis of record)
Alveopora viridis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (basis of record)
Astreopora horizontalis Bernard, 1896 accepted as Astreopora listeri Bernard, 1896 (source of synonymy)
Astreopora incrustans Bernard, 1896 (source of synonymy)
Astreopora listeri Bernard, 1896 (additional source)
Astreopora myriophthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Astreopora ocellata Bernard, 1896 (basis of record)
Astreopora profunda Verrill, 1872 accepted as Astreopora myriophthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Blastomussa loyae Head, 1978 (basis of record)
Caulastrea tumida Matthai, 1928 accepted as Caulastraea tumida Matthai, 1928 (source of synonymy)
Coscinaraea donnani Gardiner, 1905 accepted as Coscinaraea monile (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Coscinaraea monile (Forsskål, 1775) (additional source)
Coscinaraea ostraeformis Van der Horst, 1922 (basis of record)
Craterastrea levis Head, 1983 (additional source)
Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Echinopora carduus Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Echinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Echinopora concinna Verrill, 1901 accepted as Echinopora lamellosa (Esper, 1795) (basis of record)
Britomart Reef for Acropora yongei Veron & Wallace, 1984 
Fiji for Montipora culiculata Bernard 
Great Barrier Reef for Astreopora ocellata Bernard, 1896 
Great Barrier Reef for Montipora millepora Crossland, 1952 
Great Palm Island for Acropora grandis (Brook, 1892) 
Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone for Leptoseris gardineri Van der Horst, 1921 
Jewell Reef  for Euphyllia ancora Veron & Pichon, 1980 
Low Isles for Goniopora minor Crossland, 1952 
Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Acropora palmerae Wells, 1954 
Philippines for Goniopora tenuidens (Quelch, 1886) 
Reunion for Acropora granulosa (Milne Edwards, 1860) 
Singapore for Symphyllia valenciennesii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 
Southern Ocean for Alveopora fenestrata (Lamarck, 1816) 
 Authority

Authority given as (Bruggeman) in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Authority

Authority given as Edwards & Haime, 1851 in Best et al. (1980). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958). Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Colonies are arborescent, usually staghorn-like. Radial corallites are of mixed sizes and shapes. Those near branch ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are arborescent or prostrate or form caespito-corymbose bushes. Branches are up to 20 mm thick. Radial ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are dome-shaped or flat. Corallites are compact, large, with wide calices. Small corallites usually occur ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are encrusting with or without short irregularly shaped branches. Radial corallites are mostly rasp-like ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are generally hemispherical with the surface divided into lobes. Corallites are 2.1-3 mm in diameter and ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are hemispherical or spherical, up to 200 mm in diameter. Colour: usually cream or brown, but may be ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are hemispherical or encrusting. Calices are 2.5-4 mm in diameter, circular in outline, with thick walls. ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are horizontal, unifacial, subdividing fronds. Corallites are aligned on the centre of narrow parts of ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are massive, hemispherical or irregular. Calices are 2.5-3.1 mm in diameter. They have six very prominent ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are massive or encrusting. Corallites are very small, immersed. The reticulum has tuberculae which seldom ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are massive. Corallites are a mixture of immersed and funnel -shaped, the latter usually being irregular. ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are phacelo-meandroid with exsert septa which plunge near the valley centre. Polyps have tubular tentacles ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are small and bushy, usually 40 cm across, very rarely with a tendency to develop small plates or ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are usually less than 30 cm across and high, with bushy form, and only a limited tendency towards ... [details]

 Description

Colonies are usually flat. Valleys radiate from a central area and have steep sides and flat floors. Valleys are ... [details]

 Description

Colonies usually small, low mounds or encrustations up to about 20 cm diameter. Calices polygonal, about 3 mm ... [details]

 Description

Coralla are massive. Corallites are a mixture: some slightly exsert, others funnel-shaped. Tuberculae and papillae ... [details]

 Description

Corals are circular, up to 300 mm in diameter, not heavily calcified. Septal teeth are very prominent. Costae are ... [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Habitat

rocks (Kalk, 1959). [details]

 Habitat

rocks (Kalk, 1959). [details]

 Habitat

rocks (Kalk, 1959). [details]

 Habitat

rocks (Kalk, 1959). [details]

 Remark

Authority given as (Brook) in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Remark

Authority given as (Ehrenberg) in Fauré (1977). A. serrata in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Remark

Authority given as (Quelch) in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Remark

In family 'Seriatoporidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Remark

Linnaeus as author in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Spelling

Siderastraea sideraea in Kalk (1959). [details]

 Spelling

Correctly spelled A. rousseaui in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled A. conccina in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled A. stigmataria in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled A. syringodes in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled A. tuburculosa in Sheppard (1998). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled F. vivens in Faure (1977). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled G. savigni and authority given as Edwards & Haime, 1851 in Best et al., 1980. [details]

 Spelling

Spelled M. divericata in Sheppard (1987). [details]

 Spelling

Spelled M. lanuginosa in Fauré (1977). [details]

 Spelling

spelled P. laevicollis in Faure, G. (1977) . [details]

 Synonymy

Listed as synonym of A. cytherea in Sheppard (1987). Fauré (1977) lists A. arcuata and A. cytherea as synonyms of ... [details]

 Type locality

"Southern Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Bourbon Island (Veron, 1986. [details]

 Type locality

Britomart Reef, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986) [details]

 Type locality

Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Indonesia (Veron, 1986) [details]

 Type locality

Jewell Reef, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Low Islands, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Marshall Islands (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Murray Islands, Torres Strait (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Palm Island, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

Singapore (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

The Philippines (Veron, 1986). [details]

 Type locality

unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]