WoRMS taxon details

Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846)

207044  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207044)

accepted
Species
Madrepora hyacinthus Dana, 1846 (original combination, basionym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

(of Madrepora hyacinthus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

(of Madrepora (Polystachys) hyacinthus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   
Note Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description This forms large, low, roughly circular tables or semi-circular brackets. It has a fairly variable form, mostly due to its...  
Description This forms large, low, roughly circular tables or semi-circular brackets. It has a fairly variable form, mostly due to its very wide range of habitats. In turbulent water it forms solid, heavy sheets with stunted vertical branchlets (it is found in very rough water), and in sheltered conditions its branchlets become longer, slender and more separate. All intermediate conditions are common. Its branches anastomose strongly such that central portions may be thick, unbroken sheets, especially in exposed locations, where the tables may touch the substrate and form several secondary points of attachment. In all cases, branchlets turn upwards vertically from the upper surface of the tables. They may show elongated axial corallites, or else the branchlet tips may terminate in "rosettes" of calices with no protuberant axial corallite. Both conditions usually occur in the same colonies. This species usually shows emerged, long and waving tentacles during the daytime. This species is commonest in less than 3 or 4 m depth, where it is a very consistent component of the surf zone on exposed reef crests. It shows highest cover values (of over 20%) in the roughest areas. However, it has a very wide distribution, and may be found in clear water and lagoonal areas to 35 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are wide, flat tables which are thin and finely structured. Fine upward projecting branchlets have a rosette-like arrangement of radial corallites. Axial corallites are not exsert. Colour: uniform cream, brown or green with or without blue- or pink-growing margins. Abundance: one of the most abundant corals of upper reef slopes and outer reef flats (Veron, 1986).
A tabular species with fine branches which project upwards. The radial corallites give the tips a rosette-like appearance. Colonies are often tiered. Colour: often brown. Habitat: reef slopes (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207044 on 2020-08-11
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 14:03:33Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-22 08:21:59Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Acropora flabelliformis (Milne Edwards, 1860)) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Acropora recumbens (Brook, 1892)) Brook G (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 451-465. [details]   

original description  (of Acropora pectinata (Brook, 1892)) Brook G (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 451-465. [details]   

original description  (of Acropora surculosa (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (of Acropora bifurcata Nemenzo, 1971) Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora hyacinthus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora surculosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora surculosa var. turbinata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora turbinata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora patella Studer, 1879) Studer, T. (1879). Zweite Abtheilung der Anthozoa Polyactinia, welche während der Reise A. M. S. Corvette Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. <em>Monatsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 1878: 525–550, pls. 1-5. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora conferta Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (part 46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pectinata Brook, 1892) Brook G (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 451-465. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora recumbens Brook, 1892) Brook G (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 451-465. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora sinensis Brook, 1893) Brook G (1893). The genus Madrepora. Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History) 1: 1-212, pls. 1-35. [details]   

original description  (of Acropora surculosa var. turbinata (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora flabelliformis Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) pectinata Brook, 1892) Brook G (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 451-465. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) patella Studer, 1879) Studer, T. (1879). Zweite Abtheilung der Anthozoa Polyactinia, welche während der Reise A. M. S. Corvette Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. <em>Monatsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 1878: 525–550, pls. 1-5. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) surculosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) surculosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) recumbens Brook, 1892) Brook G (1892) Preliminary descriptions of new species of Madrepora in the collections of the British Museum. Part II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 451-465. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) hyacinthus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) conferta Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (part 46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora (Polystachys) sinensis Brook, 1893) Brook G (1893). The genus Madrepora. Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History) 1: 1-212, pls. 1-35. [details]   

original description  (of Acropora turbinata (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (of Acropora (Polystachus) pectinata (Brook, 1892)) Brook G (1893). The genus Madrepora. Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History) 1: 1-212, pls. 1-35. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora surculosa var. diffusa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Wallace, CC. (1999). Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. CSIRO, Collingwood (Australia). pp i-xvii, 1-421.  [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

Description This forms large, low, roughly circular tables or semi-circular brackets. It has a fairly variable form, mostly due to its very wide range of habitats. In turbulent water it forms solid, heavy sheets with stunted vertical branchlets (it is found in very rough water), and in sheltered conditions its branchlets become longer, slender and more separate. All intermediate conditions are common. Its branches anastomose strongly such that central portions may be thick, unbroken sheets, especially in exposed locations, where the tables may touch the substrate and form several secondary points of attachment. In all cases, branchlets turn upwards vertically from the upper surface of the tables. They may show elongated axial corallites, or else the branchlet tips may terminate in "rosettes" of calices with no protuberant axial corallite. Both conditions usually occur in the same colonies. This species usually shows emerged, long and waving tentacles during the daytime. This species is commonest in less than 3 or 4 m depth, where it is a very consistent component of the surf zone on exposed reef crests. It shows highest cover values (of over 20%) in the roughest areas. However, it has a very wide distribution, and may be found in clear water and lagoonal areas to 35 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are wide, flat tables which are thin and finely structured. Fine upward projecting branchlets have a rosette-like arrangement of radial corallites. Axial corallites are not exsert. Colour: uniform cream, brown or green with or without blue- or pink-growing margins. Abundance: one of the most abundant corals of upper reef slopes and outer reef flats (Veron, 1986).
A tabular species with fine branches which project upwards. The radial corallites give the tips a rosette-like appearance. Colonies are often tiered. Colour: often brown. Habitat: reef slopes (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English hyacinth tabling coralhyacinth table coral  [details]
German Hyazinthen-Tischkoralle  [details]
Japanese ナンヨウミドリイシ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE246verycloseup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE246wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 103859)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]