WoRMS taxon details

Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860)

207059  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207059)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   
Description Large, arborescent colonies with a unique shape, reaching 2 m tall and 1 m wide. A single stem, or multiple intertwining...  
Description Large, arborescent colonies with a unique shape, reaching 2 m tall and 1 m wide. A single stem, or multiple intertwining stems, rise vertically from the substrate. Repeated branching of the stem gives rise to a mass of branches which flare upwards. Stems of large colonies may exceed 20 cm diameter, and there is a continual, steady tapering of branch diameter from stem to branchlet tips. Coenosteum is rough, and radial calices are tubular. Branch tips are very similar to those from the tabular Acropora cytherea from which it can only be distinguished by colony shape. Acropora pharaonis is most common in sheltered, lagoonal conditions, preferably amongst sand patches (Sheppard, 1998). [details]
WoRMS (2018). Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207059 on 2018-02-24
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-17 08:12:59Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofAcropora pustulosa (Milne Edwards, 1960)) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofAcropora scandens (Klunzinger, 1879)) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora subtilis Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1960) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1960) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora pustulosa Milne Edwards, 1960) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora arabica Milne Edwards, 1960) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora microcyathus Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora spinulosa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora scandens Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

basis of record Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1998). Corals of the Indian Ocean: a taxonomic and distribution database for coral reef ecologists [details]   

additional source Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofAcropora scandens (Klunzinger, 1879)) Fishelson, L., 1971. Ecology and distribution of the benthic fauna in the shallow waters of the Red Sea. Marine Biology, 10/2: 113-133. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofAcropora scandens (Klunzinger, 1879)) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofAcropora pustulosa (Milne Edwards, 1960)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source  (ofAcropora pustulosa (Milne Edwards, 1960)) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora pustulosa Milne Edwards, 1960) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards, 1960) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora pharaonis Milne Edwards, 1960) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora subtilis Klunzinger, 1879) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora scandens Klunzinger, 1879) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora spinulosa Klunzinger, 1879) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora microcyathus Klunzinger, 1879) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora arabica Milne Edwards, 1960) Wallace, C.C., 1999. Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. : i-xviii, 1-421. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

Description Large, arborescent colonies with a unique shape, reaching 2 m tall and 1 m wide. A single stem, or multiple intertwining stems, rise vertically from the substrate. Repeated branching of the stem gives rise to a mass of branches which flare upwards. Stems of large colonies may exceed 20 cm diameter, and there is a continual, steady tapering of branch diameter from stem to branchlet tips. Coenosteum is rough, and radial calices are tubular. Branch tips are very similar to those from the tabular Acropora cytherea from which it can only be distinguished by colony shape. Acropora pharaonis is most common in sheltered, lagoonal conditions, preferably amongst sand patches (Sheppard, 1998). [details]