WoRMS taxon details

Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)

207361  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207361)

accepted
Species
Doederleinia vetusta Gerth, 1925 † · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Fungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (previous combination)
Halomitra (Halomitra) concentrica Studer, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Halomitra (Halomitra) pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Halomitra (Halomitra) tiara Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Halomitra clypeus Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Halomitra concentrica Studer, 1901 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Halomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Halomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Halomitra vetusta (Gerth, 1925) † · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Podabacia philippinensis Studer, 1901 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Zoopilus gomezi Nemenzo, 1980 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Madrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Fungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in East Asia  
type locality contained in East Asia [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Note "East Indies" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat,...  
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat, but larger colonies become increasingly dome shaped, developing into regular or irregular, hollow hemispheres. The colour photo is the edge of a rim of a large, domed specimen. Corallites are numerous, and all of the same size, (though a larger central one can sometimes be found at the top of the dome or in the centre of the disk). Septa run discontinuously down the sides, and are usually very sharp. Colonies are brown to cream, usually with a purple rim. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are large and free-living, circular, dome- or bell-shaped, thin and delicate and without an axial furrow. Corallites are widely spaced. Septo-costae are similar to those of Fungia fungites. Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are small and widely spaced. Colour: pale brown, frequently with bright-pink or purple margins. Abundance: occurs on middle to lower reef slopes in lagoons on soft substrates. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Unmistakable; free-living, dome or bell-shaped colonies to 50 cm in height and diameter. Corallites evenly spaced over the entire colony. Colour: brownish-orange with pink to purple lower rim. Habitat: shallow reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207361 on 2022-05-24
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-22 10:22:55Z
changed
2022-05-17 05:25:17Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Halomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921) van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Madrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Fungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Halomitra clypeus Verrill, 1864) Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Halomitra concentrica Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (of Podabacia philippinensis Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (of Zoopilus gomezi Nemenzo, 1980) Nemenzo, F. 1980. Fungiid corals from Central Philippines. Kalikasan. The Philippine Journal of Biology 9: 283-302. [details]   

original description  (of Doederleinia vetusta Gerth, 1925 †) Gerth H. (1925). Jungtertiäre Korallen von Nias, Java und Borneo, nebst einer Übersicht über die aus dem Känozoikum des Indischen Archipels bekannten Arten. <em>Leidsche Geologische Mededelingen.</em> 1: 22-82, pls. 5-7. [details]   

original description  (of Halomitra (Halomitra) concentrica Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (of Halomitra (Podabacia) philippinensis Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Hoeksema BW. (1989). Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden.</em> 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F., Stolarski, J., Pichon, M., Mitta, G., Galli, P. 2007. Debating phylogenetic relationships of the scleractinian Psammocora: molecular and morphological evidences. Contributions to Zoology 76: 35-54., available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=7601a04
page(s): 35, 37, 38, 39, 46, fig. 6 [details]   

additional source Hoeksema, B.W., 1993. Mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) of Madang Lagoon, northern Papua New Guinea: an annotated checklist with the description of Cantharellus jebbi spec. nov. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 67: 1-19., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/150656
page(s): 10, 16 [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 3, 20, 21, 44, 46 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2002). New species described in Corals of the World. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 11: 1-209.
page(s): 104, 105 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>
page(s): 354-355 [details]   

additional source Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm
page(s): 18, 138, 139, 140, 197 [details]   

additional source Dana, J.D., 1847. On zoophytes. Am. J. Sci. -23 : 1-24, 160-164, 337-346.
page(s): 311-312 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 131 [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 30 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497
page(s): 311-312 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 302-303 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E. (2004). Baker Island coral data [Table unnumbered]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 2 [details]   

additional source Studer, T. (1901). Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896-1897). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik, 14, 388
page(s): 409-410, 428 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N.; Pichon, M. (1979). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia, part III: Families Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectiniidae, Caryophylliidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Government Publishing Service. Canberra., volume 4, pp. 422.
page(s): 6, 187-189  [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 62, 83, 84, 112, Abb. 34 [details]   

additional source Dana, J. D. (1849). Atlas. Zoophytes. C. Sherman. Philadelphia., pp. 12-01
page(s): 7, 31 [details]   

new combination reference Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Halomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901)) USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) RMNH, geounit Maldives Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Halomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Halomitra concentrica Studer, 1901) UMBB [details]
Nontype NMSR 8914, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9029, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit Maldives Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype (of Halomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921) UAZM [details]
Syntype (of Halomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921) UAZM [details]
Unknown type (of Halomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901)) MSI C-87, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Halomitra concentrica Studer, 1901) UMBB, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat, but larger colonies become increasingly dome shaped, developing into regular or irregular, hollow hemispheres. The colour photo is the edge of a rim of a large, domed specimen. Corallites are numerous, and all of the same size, (though a larger central one can sometimes be found at the top of the dome or in the centre of the disk). Septa run discontinuously down the sides, and are usually very sharp. Colonies are brown to cream, usually with a purple rim. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are large and free-living, circular, dome- or bell-shaped, thin and delicate and without an axial furrow. Corallites are widely spaced. Septo-costae are similar to those of Fungia fungites. Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are small and widely spaced. Colour: pale brown, frequently with bright-pink or purple margins. Abundance: occurs on middle to lower reef slopes in lagoons on soft substrates. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Unmistakable; free-living, dome or bell-shaped colonies to 50 cm in height and diameter. Corallites evenly spaced over the entire colony. Colour: brownish-orange with pink to purple lower rim. Habitat: shallow reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English bowl coral  [details]
Japanese カブトサンゴ  [details]