WoRMS taxon details

Pavona cactus (Forskål, 1775)

207312  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207312)

accepted
Species
Agaricia boletiformis (Esper, 1791) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Lophoseris boletiformis (Esper, 1791) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Lophoseris cactus (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Lophoseris cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) · unaccepted (Synonymy, changed combination)
Lophoseris laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Lophoseris venusta (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora boletiformis Esper, 1791 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Madrepora cactus Forskål, 1775 · unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Mycedium cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1768) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pavona formosa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pavona laxa Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pavona venusta Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
Pavonia (Lophoseris) cristata (Lamarck, 1816) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pavonia boletiformis (Esper, 1791) · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pavonia cactus (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Pavonia cristata Lamarck, 1816 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pavonia formosa Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (amended spelling)
Pavonia praetorta Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (synonymy)
Pavonia venusta Dana, 1846 · unaccepted (synonymy)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora cactus Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Red Sea (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin,...  
Description Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin, not more than 4-5 mm thick, and the basal parts of a high proportion of leaves are dead and sometimes actually detached from the jumble of older fronds of the colony. Septa are less than 1 mm diameter and lie flush with the surface of the leaf. They run in rows parallel to the edge of the leaf. Rows are separated by 3 or 4 mm. The species is mostly found in sheltered and lagoonal areas where it is usually very common. It tolerates sediment well, and reaches its greatest abundance and colony size between 3 - 10 m deep in calm areas. There, "supercolonies" are frequently encountered. These are growths of the same species from one or more original colonies, which have detached and spread over wide areas. Thus Pavona cactus may provide about 75% cover, for example, over 10 square metres or more (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are thin, contorted, bifacial, upright fronds with or without thickened branching bases. Corallites are fine and shallow, and aligned in irregular rows parallel to the margins. Colour: pale brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: Abundant in some lagoons and on upper reef slopes, especially those of fringing reefs, and in turbid water protected from wave action, where colonies frequently exceed 10 m in diameter (Veron (1986)).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Pavona cactus (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207312 on 2022-05-16
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 17:25:12Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed
2018-05-31 14:43:29Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41943909 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Madrepora cactus Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Lophoseris knorri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia praetorta Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia cristata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia formosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora boletiformis Esper, 1791) Esper, E.J.C. (1788-1830). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Raspischen Buchhandlung, Nuremberg. 3 vols text, 2 vols pls.  [details]   

original description  (of Pavonia venusta Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Lophoseris cristata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 15: 73-144. [details]   

original description  (of Pavona laxa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Faure, G. (1977). Annotated checklist of the corals in the Mascarene Archipelago, Indian Ocean. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 203: 1-26. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 18 [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 130 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 3, 23, 43, 45 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209.
page(s): 142, 159, Plate 6 Fig 1 [details]   

additional source Umbgrove JHF. (1939). Madreporaria from the Bay of Batavia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 22: 1-64.
page(s): 18, 46 [details]   

additional source Yabe H, Sugiyama T, Eguchi M. (1936). Recent reef-building corals from Japan and the South Sea Islands under the Japanese mandate. I. <em>The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai, 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> Special Volume 1: 1-66, pls. 1-59.
page(s): 4, 56, Pl. XLI [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 92 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 29 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Stolarski J, Cairns SD, Benzoni F, Stake JL, Miller DJ. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 305, 307, 310, 313 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 32, 76 [details]   

additional source Boshoff, P.H. (1981). An annotated checklist of Southern Africa Scleractinia. <em>Oceanographic Research Institute Investigational Report, Durban.</em> 49: 1-45.
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 180-181 [details]   

additional source Wiedenmann, J.; Kraus, P.; Funke, W.; Vogel, W. (2000). The relationship between different morphs of Anemonia aff. sulcata evaluated by DNA fingerprinting (Anthozoa, Actinaria). Ophelia, 52, 1, 57-64
page(s): 62 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N.; Pichon, M. (1979). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia, part III: Families Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectiniidae, Caryophylliidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Government Publishing Service. Canberra., volume 4, pp. 422.
page(s): 6, 7, 8-13 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 62, 77-78, 111 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 48756, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 53090, geounit Micronesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 56686, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) RMNH [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) RMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) UAZM [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 37272, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 41955, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype IGPS 56687, geounit Palau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI U.P.C.-1144 [details]
Nontype MSI U.P.C.-1145, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8578, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8660, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9018, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR I/555/E3 [details]
Nontype RMNH [details]
Nontype WAM 160-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 165-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 315-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 574-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Syntype (of Pavonia venusta Dana, 1846) MBNH [details]
Unknown type (of Pavonia praetorta Dana, 1846) IMC mei-05, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Pavonia praetorta Dana, 1846) IMC mei-51, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Pavonia praetorta Dana, 1846) IMC Zev 7389/7 [details]
Unknown type (of Pavonia venusta Dana, 1846) IMC Zev 7389/7 [details]
Unknown type (of Pavonia venusta Dana, 1846) IMC, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Lophoseris cristata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) MZUS, geounit Mauritian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) MSI C-326 [details]
Unknown type (of Pavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) MSI C-50, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin, not more than 4-5 mm thick, and the basal parts of a high proportion of leaves are dead and sometimes actually detached from the jumble of older fronds of the colony. Septa are less than 1 mm diameter and lie flush with the surface of the leaf. They run in rows parallel to the edge of the leaf. Rows are separated by 3 or 4 mm. The species is mostly found in sheltered and lagoonal areas where it is usually very common. It tolerates sediment well, and reaches its greatest abundance and colony size between 3 - 10 m deep in calm areas. There, "supercolonies" are frequently encountered. These are growths of the same species from one or more original colonies, which have detached and spread over wide areas. Thus Pavona cactus may provide about 75% cover, for example, over 10 square metres or more (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are thin, contorted, bifacial, upright fronds with or without thickened branching bases. Corallites are fine and shallow, and aligned in irregular rows parallel to the margins. Colour: pale brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: Abundant in some lagoons and on upper reef slopes, especially those of fringing reefs, and in turbid water protected from wave action, where colonies frequently exceed 10 m in diameter (Veron (1986)).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English leaf coral  [details]
Japanese サオトメシコロサンゴ  [details]
Pavona praetorta
 Pavona praetorta
[image from synonym]