WoRMS taxon details

Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846

135073  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135073)

accepted
Family
Caryophylliadae Gray, 1847 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (misspelling)
Caryophylliinae Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior objective synonym
Parasmiliidae Alloiteau, 1952 † · unaccepted > junior homonym
Parasmiliidae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Parasmiliinae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

Ordering

  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Genus Anomocora Studer, 1878
  2. Genus Aulocyathus Marenzeller, 1904
  3. Genus Bathycyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  4. Genus Bourneotrochus Wells, 1984
  5. Genus Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801
  6. Genus Ceratotrochus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  7. Genus Coenocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  8. Genus Coenosmilia Pourtalès, 1874
  9. Genus Colangia Pourtalès, 1871
  10. Genus Concentrotheca Cairns, 1979
  11. Genus Confluphyllia Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  12. Genus Conotrochus Seguenza, 1864
  13. Genus Crispatotrochus Tenison-Woods, 1878
  14. Genus Dasmosmilia Pourtalès, 1880
  15. Genus Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834
  16. Genus Distolotrochus Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  17. Genus Ericiocyathus Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  18. Genus Euafricana Ceccolini & Cianferoni, 2021
  19. Genus Faustinotrochus Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  20. Genus Goniocorella Yabe & Eguchi, 1932
  21. Genus Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  22. Genus Hoplangia Gosse, 1860
  23. Genus Labyrinthocyathus Cairns, 1979
  24. Genus Lochmaeotrochus Alcock, 1902
  25. Genus Monohedotrochus Kitahara & Cairns, 2005
  26. Genus Multiplexcyathus Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
  27. Genus Nomlandia Durham & Barnard, 1952
  28. Genus Oxysmilia Duchassaing, 1870
  29. Genus Paraconotrochus Cairns & Parker, 1992
  30. Genus Paracyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  31. Genus Phacelocyathus Cairns, 1979
  32. Genus Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  33. Genus Polycyathus Duncan, 1876
  34. Genus Pourtalosmilia Duncan, 1884
  35. Genus Premocyathus Yabe & Eguchi, 1942
  36. Genus Rhizosmilia Cairns, 1978
  37. Genus Sclerhelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
  38. Genus Solenosmilia Duncan, 1873
  39. Genus Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864
  40. Genus Sympodangia Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  41. Genus Tethocyathus Kühn, 1933
  42. Genus Thalamophyllia Duchassaing, 1870
  43. Genus Trochocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
  44. Genus Vaughanella Gravier, 1915
  45. Genus Acanthocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  46. Genus Africana Ocaña & Brito, 2015 accepted as Euafricana Ceccolini & Cianferoni, 2021 (unaccepted > junior homonym)
  47. Genus Agelecyathus Duncan, 1876 accepted as Polycyathus Duncan, 1876 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  48. Genus Anthophyllum Schweigger, 1819 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  49. Genus Aplocyathus d'Orbigny, 1850 accepted as Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) Orbigny, 1850 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  50. Genus Blastosmilia Duncan, 1878 accepted as Pourtalosmilia Duncan, 1884 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  51. Genus Botryphyllia Shirai, 1980 accepted as Fimbriaphyllia Veron & Pichon, 1980 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  52. Genus Brachytrochus Duncan, 1876 accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, homonym)
  53. Genus Carophyllia Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  54. Subfamily Caryophylliinae Dana, 1846 accepted as Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
  55. Genus Ceratocyathus Seguenza, 1861 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  56. Genus Coelosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 accepted as Anomocora Studer, 1878 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  57. Genus Cyathina Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  58. Genus Cyathoceras Moseley, 1880 accepted as Crispatotrochus Tenison-Woods, 1878 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  59. Genus Cylicosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Parasmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  60. Genus Dasosmilia accepted as Dasmosmilia Pourtalès, 1880 (unaccepted > misspelling)
  61. Genus Feddenia Duncan, 1880 accepted as Trochosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  62. Genus Fragilocyathus Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 accepted as Aulocyathus Marenzeller, 1904 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  63. Genus Gemmulatotrochus Duncan, 1878 accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  64. Genus Goniocyathus Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 accepted as Dasmosmilia Pourtalès, 1880 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  65. Genus Lophelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  66. Genus Lophohelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  67. Genus Microcyathus Döderlein, 1913 accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  68. Genus Odontocyathus Moseley, 1880 accepted as Stephanocyathus (Odontocyathus) Moseley, 1880 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  69. Subfamily Parasmiliinae Vaughan & Wells, 1943 accepted as Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  70. Genus Phloeocyathus Alcock, 1902 accepted as Conotrochus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  71. Genus Pleurocyathus Keferstein, 1859 accepted as Conocyathus d'Orbigny, 1849 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  72. Genus Sabinotrochus Duncan, 1873 accepted as Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  73. Genus Sclerohelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 accepted as Sclerhelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  74. Genus Soljania Pax, 1955 accepted as Hoplangia Gosse, 1860 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  75. Genus Spongiocyathus Folkeson, 1919 accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  76. Genus Stellangia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  77. Genus Stephanoseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  78. Genus Stephanotrochus Moseley, 1880 accepted as Stephanocyathus Seguenza, 1864 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  79. Genus Syndapas Lyman, 1859 accepted as Phyllangia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  80. Genus Thalassiotrochus Milne Edwards, 1861 accepted as Desmophyllum Ehrenberg, 1834 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  81. Subfamily Caryophylliinae Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Description This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have phaceloid,...  
Description This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have phaceloid, meandroid or flabello-meandroid colonies with large, unperforated and widely spaced septa with little or no ornamentation. Corallite walls are of similar structure. The ahermatypic subfamilies are solitary or form phaceloid or dendroid colonies, usually with large-lobed septa and paliform lobes. All Cryophylliidae have a membraneous epitheca.
Related family is Flabellidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2024). World List of Scleractinia. Caryophylliidae Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135073 on 2024-04-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-12-04 01:41:22Z
changed
2019-01-03 00:33:30Z
changed
2022-05-16 12:53:15Z
changed
2023-12-09 16:57:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Caryophylliinae Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Parasmiliidae Alloiteau, 1952 †) Alloiteau J. (1952). Embranchement des Coelentérés. Madreporaires Post-Paleozoiques. <em>In: Piveteau J, ed. Traité de Paléontologie, Paris: Masson.</em> 539–684, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Parasmiliinae Vaughan & Wells, 1943) Vaughan TW, Wells JW. (1943). Revision of the suborders, families and genera of the Scleractinia. <em>Special Papers of the Geological Society of America.</em> 44: 1-363. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Seiblitz, I.G.L., C.F. Vaga, K.C.C. Capel, S.D. Cairns, J. Stolarski, A.M. Quattrini & M.V. Kitahara. (2022). Caryophylliids (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) and mitochondrial gene order: Insights from mitochondrial and nuclear phylogenomics. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 175: 107565., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2022.107565 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Cairns, S.D. & M. Kitahara. (2012). An illustrated key to the genera and subgenera of the Recent azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with an attached glossary. <em>ZooKeys.</em> 227: 1-47., available online at https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.227.3612 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Corallum solitary or colonial, free (polyp not investing entire corallum) or attached, most azooxanthellate, sometimes reproducing by transverse division; septa laminar, composed of one fan system of numerous closely-spaced, simple trabecular resulting in a smooth axial margin; wall septothecate or parathecate, sometimes covered with textura; endotheca and dissepiments sometimes present; synapticulae absent; septa arranged in various symmetries but usually hexameral; pali and columella present or absent; [details]

From other sources
Description This large family is usually divided into six sub-families, only one of which is hermatypic. The latter have phaceloid, meandroid or flabello-meandroid colonies with large, unperforated and widely spaced septa with little or no ornamentation. Corallite walls are of similar structure. The ahermatypic subfamilies are solitary or form phaceloid or dendroid colonies, usually with large-lobed septa and paliform lobes. All Cryophylliidae have a membraneous epitheca.
Related family is Flabellidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>). [details]
LanguageName 
English cup corals  [details]
Japanese チョウジガイ科  [details]