WoRMS taxon details

Paracyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

135096  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135096)

accepted
Genus
Cyathina (Paracyathus) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 · unaccepted > superseded combination
Species Paracyathus andersoni Duncan, 1889
Species Paracyathus arcuatus Lindström, 1877
Species Paracyathus cavatus Alcock, 1893
Species Paracyathus conceptus Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
Species Paracyathus coronatus Duncan, 1876
Species Paracyathus darwinensis Cairns, 2004
Species Paracyathus durhami Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
Species Paracyathus ebonensis Verrill, 1866
Species Paracyathus fulvus Alcock, 1893
Species Paracyathus humilis Verrill, 1870
Species Paracyathus indicus Duncan, 1889
Species Paracyathus lifuensis Gardiner, 1899
Species Paracyathus milleri Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
Species Paracyathus molokensis Vaughan, 1907
Species Paracyathus montereyensis Durham, 1947
Species Paracyathus parvulus Gardiner, 1899
Species Paracyathus persicus Duncan, 1876
Species Paracyathus peysonneli Kitahara & Cairns, 2021
Species Paracyathus porcellanus Verrill, 1866
Species Paracyathus profundus Duncan, 1889
Species Paracyathus pruinosus Alcock, 1902
Species Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842)
Species Paracyathus rotundatus Semper, 1872
Species Paracyathus stearnsii Verrill, 1869
Species Paracyathus stokesii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Species Paracyathus vittatus Dennant, 1906

Species Paracyathus aequilamellosus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus africanus Duncan, 1878 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (Synonymy)
Species Paracyathus agassizii Duncan, 1873 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842)
Species Paracyathus caeruleus Duncan, 1889 accepted as Paracyathus rotundatus Semper, 1872
Species Paracyathus caltha Verrill, 1869 accepted as Paracyathus stearnsii Verrill, 1869 (synonymy)
Species Paracyathus calthus Verrill, 1869 accepted as Paracyathus stearnsii Verrill, 1869 (Synonymy, amended spellin)
Species Paracyathus clathra Verrill, 1869 accepted as Paracyathus stearnsii Verrill, 1869 (unaccepted > misspelling)
Species Paracyathus confertus Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842)
Species Paracyathus costatus Duncan, 1878 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (Synonymy)
Species Paracyathus defilippii Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus flos Pourtalès, 1878 accepted as Phacelocyathus flos (Pourtalès, 1878) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
Species Paracyathus gardineri Vaughan, 1907 accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) gardineri (Vaughan, 1907)
Species Paracyathus granulosus Verill, 1885 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
Species Paracyathus humilis Duncan, 1878 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus inornatus Duncan, 1878 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) inornata (Duncan, 1878) (basionym, new combination)
Species Paracyathus insignis Duncan, 1878 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (Synonymy)
Species Paracyathus laxus Pourtalès, 1880 accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) rawsonii Pourtalès, 1874
Species Paracyathus mauiensis Vaughan, 1907 accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) mauiensis (Vaughan, 1907)
Species Paracyathus merguiensis Duncan, 1889 accepted as Paracyathus rotundatus Semper, 1872 (synonymy)
Species Paracyathus monilis Duncan, 1878 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus porcellana Verrill, 1866 accepted as Paracyathus porcellanus Verrill, 1866 (amended spelling)
Species Paracyathus porphyreus Alcock, 1893 accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) porphyreus (Alcock, 1893)
Species Paracyathus pteropus Gosse, 1860 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus rawsonii (Pourtalès, 1874) accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) rawsonii Pourtalès, 1874 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
Species Paracyathus stokesi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Paracyathus stokesii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (wrong spelling)
Species Paracyathus striatus (Philippi, 1842) accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842) (synonymy)
Species Paracyathus taxilianus Gosse, 1860 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus tenuicalyx Vaughan, 1907 accepted as Trochocyathus (Trochocyathus) rhombocolumna Alcock, 1902
Species Paracyathus thulensis Gosse, 1860 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
Species Paracyathus tiburonensis Durham, 1947 accepted as Paracyathus stearnsii Verrill, 1869 (synonymy)
Species Paracyathus verrilli (Duncan, 1889) accepted as Polycyathus verrilli Duncan, 1889 (unaccepted > superseded combination)

Species Paracyathus folliculus Pourtalès, 1871 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   
Depth range 0-1260 m  
Depth range 0-1260 m [details]

Fossil range Eocene to Recent  
Fossil range Eocene to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Paracyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135096 on 2022-07-01
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-09-13 23:22:01Z
changed
2019-05-20 08:13:48Z
changed
2020-01-23 17:34:13Z
changed
2022-06-24 11:12:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Daly, M.M., Fautin D.G., Cappola V.A., 2003. Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139 3: 419-437.
page(s): 424-425, 427-429 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 135 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Zibrowius H. (1997). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. <em>in: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 172: 27-244. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 38, 53, 61, 116-117, 221, fig. 13 g-h [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., Budd, A.F., Lathuilière, B., Roniewicz, E., Stolarski, J., Johnson, K.G. (2010). Corallosphere. , available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Squires DF. (1961). Deep sea corals collected by the Lamont Geological Observatory. 2. Scotia Sea corals. <em>American Museum Novitates.</em> 2046: 1-48.
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H. (1974). Scleractiniares des Iles Saint Paul et Amsterdam (sud de L'Ocean Indien). Tethys, 5(4): 747-778
page(s): 747, 766-767, Pl. 2, fig. 2 [details]   

additional source Laborel, J. (1970). Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, 2, E, (3): 7-261
page(s): 151, 194 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1992). The helioporacean octocoral Epiphaxum, recent and fossil: a monographic iconography. Studies in Tropical Oceanography, 15, 1-76
page(s): 56 [details]   

additional source Duncan PM (1884) A revision of the families and genera of the sclerodermic Zoantharia, Ed. & H., or Madreporaria (M. Rugosa excepted). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 18: 1-204. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 125: 1-235. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Nontype BMNH, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype UAZM Coel. 1306, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Comparison Similar to Polycyathus, but corolla are solitary, not linked by stolons. [details]

Diagnosis Corallum solitary, attached, ceratoid to trochoid in shape; septotheca costate; multiple paliform lobes present on all but last septal cycle; columella papillose. [details]

Remark About 20 fossil species and 23 Recent species. [details]

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 0-1260 m [details]

Fossil range Eocene to Recent [details]