WoRMS taxon details

Eunice aphroditois (Pallas, 1788)

130053  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130053)

accepted
Species
Eriphyle aphroditois (Pallas, 1788) · unaccepted (superseded subsequent recombination)
Eriphyle gigantea (Lamarck, 1818) · unaccepted (superseded recombination of...)  
superseded recombination of subjective synonym
Eunice gigantea (Lamarck, 1818) · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Leodice gigantea Lamarck, 1818 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Nereis aphroditois Pallas, 1788 · unaccepted (superseded original combination)

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marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Nereis aphroditois Pallas, 1788) Pallas P. S. (1788). Marina varia nova et rariora. <em>Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanea.</em> 2: 229-249, plates 5-7., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10095676
page(s): 229-230, plate V figs. 1-7 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Sri Lankan Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in Sri Lankan Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Taxonomy The identity of Eunice aphroditois is not agreed upon. The Pallas type is lost but came from the Indian Ocean adjacent to...  
Taxonomy The identity of Eunice aphroditois is not agreed upon. The Pallas type is lost but came from the Indian Ocean adjacent to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) according to Pallas, but it is unknown whether it was dredged subtidally (as 'adjacent' might suggest) or hand collected on the shore. Fauchald (1992: 62) used a MNHN specimen from La Réunion in the southern Indian Ocean for his redescription of E. aphroditois, but Shinomiya et al (2023) considered that locality was distant from Sri Lanka, with some implication in their wording that it was too distant to be the same species. However, likewise Shinomiya et al also recorded a Eunice from Japan (also far distant from Sri Lanka) as Eunice cf aphroditois rather than the locally described Eunice flavopicta. Description of a subsequent Eunice from Sri Lanka seems to be required although there is no reason why there should not be several different Eunice in the waters of that country as occurs everywhere else in the world. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Eunice aphroditois (Pallas, 1788). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130053 on 2024-06-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

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original description  (of Nereis aphroditois Pallas, 1788) Pallas P. S. (1788). Marina varia nova et rariora. <em>Nova Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanea.</em> 2: 229-249, plates 5-7., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10095676
page(s): 229-230, plate V figs. 1-7 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Leodice gigantea Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck, J.B. (1818). [volume 5 of] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie. <em>Paris, Deterville.</em> vol 5: 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 322; note: The name comes from the Savigny MS. This does not make Savigny the author in Lamarck. [details]   

taxonomy source Fauvel, P. (1917). Annélides Polychètes de L'Australie meridionale. <em>Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale.</em> 56: 159-277, plates IV-VIII., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6322379
note: Plate VII is a table of synonyms of Eunice aphroditois [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS)
note: listing only [details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Cuvier, G. (1817). Les Annélides. p.515-532 In. Le règne animal distribué d'apres son organisation, pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparee. Volume 2. Contenant les Reptiles, les Poissons, les Mollusques et les Annélides. Deterville. Paris. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/28832992 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. 1950. Contribution a la Faune des Annelides polychetes du Sénégal. Bulletin de l'Institut francais d'Afrique noire, 12(2): 335-394. [details]   

additional source McIntosh, W.C. [as M'Intosh]. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 12 (part 34): i-xxxvi, 1-554, pl. 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 282-284, text-figs. 41-43, plate XXXVIII figs. 16-17, plate XXA figs. 8-10 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Miura, Tomoyuki. (1986). Japanese polychaetes of the genera Eunice and Euniphysa: Taxonomy and branchial distribution patterns. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 31(3): 269-325., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2433/176125 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch.
note: checklist listing for New Zealand as Eunice cf aphroditois based on prior records in (for example) Ehlers, 1907, Knox & Green 1972 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). <em>Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.</em> Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at https://books.google.es/books?id=CphA8hiwaFIC&lpg=PR1&pg=PA751 [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Shinomiya, Chiharu; Kobayashi, Genki; Seike, Koji; Yamashita, Momo; Yamamori, Luna; Sugiyama, Takahiro; Kawamura, Mariko; Nishikawa, Kanto; Goto, Ryutaro. (2023). Molecular and Morphological Assessment of Juvenile and Adult Forms in the Giant Worm Eunice Cf. Aphroditois (Annelida: Eunicidae) and Its Phylogenetic Position in the Family. <em>Zoological Science.</em> 40(4): 314-325., available online at https://bioone.org/journals/zoological-science/volume-40/issue-4/zs220075/Molecular-and-Morphological-Assessment-of-Juvenile-and-Adult-Forms-in/10.2108/zs220075.full
note: Analysis, including molecular, of a Japanese species named as Eunice cf. aphroditois, although the authors seem to consider their specimens are unlikely to be Eunice aphroditois, still of uncertain id...  
Analysis, including molecular, of a Japanese species named as Eunice cf. aphroditois, although the authors seem to consider their specimens are unlikely to be Eunice aphroditois, still of uncertain identity
 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Fauchald, K. (1992). A review of the genus <i>Eunice</i> (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 523: 1-422., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.523
page(s): 62-63, fig. 13a-d, tables 27, 28; note: Type lost, MNHN specimen from La Réunion, southern Indian Ocean is described [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy The identity of Eunice aphroditois is not agreed upon. The Pallas type is lost but came from the Indian Ocean adjacent to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) according to Pallas, but it is unknown whether it was dredged subtidally (as 'adjacent' might suggest) or hand collected on the shore. Fauchald (1992: 62) used a MNHN specimen from La Réunion in the southern Indian Ocean for his redescription of E. aphroditois, but Shinomiya et al (2023) considered that locality was distant from Sri Lanka, with some implication in their wording that it was too distant to be the same species. However, likewise Shinomiya et al also recorded a Eunice from Japan (also far distant from Sri Lanka) as Eunice cf aphroditois rather than the locally described Eunice flavopicta. Description of a subsequent Eunice from Sri Lanka seems to be required although there is no reason why there should not be several different Eunice in the waters of that country as occurs everywhere else in the world. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
    Definitions

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LanguageName 
English wonder-worm  [details]
German Wunderwurm  [details]
Japanese オニイソメ  [details]