WoRMS source details

Fauchald, K. (1992). A review of the genus Eunice (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 523: 1-422.
49793
10.5479/si.00810282.523 [view]
Fauchald, K.
1992
A review of the genus <i>Eunice</i> (Eunicidae: Polychaeta) based upon type material
Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology
523: 1-422
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The genus Eunice has been widely reported in all kinds of marine environment. A total of 286 names have been applied to taxa originally described in, or subsequently referred to, the genus. All such taxa published prior to 1985 have been accounted for below. Of these, some or all types of about 175 are available and are described below. Twenty-five species are incompletely known; types are missing and original descriptions (or subsequent descriptions of types) are insufficient to relate these species to the rest. The descriptions of these species have been briefly summarized. A key to species includes nearly all species for which types were available. Species considered incompletely known are excluded from the key, but are included when possible in a set of tables comparing similar species. Forty-seven named taxa are indeterminable. Twenty-two have been referred to other genera, including some new combinations. In some cases the type lot included two species; some of these types could be referred to other, known species; however, four species are described as new. Seven species have been given new names for nomenclatural reasons. Attempts to group the 206 reasonably well-characterized species into supra-specific taxa using cladistic techniques did not lead to interpretable results. The reasons might include the very large number of species compared to the number of characters. A detailed analysis of the characters has been started using freshly collected material in an attempt to expand the number of characters and measure the variability of currently used characters. Similar reviews are planned for the remaining eunicean genera.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Eriphyle Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Eunice Cuvier, 1817 (status source)
Eriphyle capensis Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Eunice kinbergi Ehlers, 1868 (additional source)
Eunice (Eunice) afra punctata Peters, 1854 accepted as Eunice petersi Fauchald, 1992 (status source)
Eunice (Nicidion) gracilis (Crossland, 1904) accepted as Eunice wasinensis Fauchald, 1992 (status source)
Eunice aciculata (Treadwell, 1922) (redescription)
Eunice aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Leodice aedificatrix (Monro, 1933) (redescription)
Eunice aequabilis Grube, 1878 accepted as Leodice aequabilis (Grube, 1878) (redescription)
Eunice afra Peters, 1854 (redescription)
Eunice afra Peters, 1854 (source of synonymy)
Eunice afuerensis Hartman, 1944 accepted as Leodice afuerensis (Hartman, 1944) (redescription)
Eunice amphiheliae Marion in Filhol, 1885 (redescription)
Eunice anceps Pruvot in Fauvel, 1930 accepted as Eunice pruvoti Fauchald, 1992 (source of synonymy)
Eunice annulicornis Johnston, 1865 accepted as Leodice annulicornis (Johnston, 1865) (redescription)
Eunice antennata (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Leodice antennata Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Eunice antennata aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Eunice aedificatrix Monro, 1933 accepted as Leodice aedificatrix (Monro, 1933) (status source)
Eunice antillensis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Leodice antillensis (Ehlers, 1887) (basis of record)
Eunice aphroditois (Pallas, 1788) (redescription)
Eunice aphroditois djiboutiensis Gravier, 1900 accepted as Eunice djiboutiensis Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Eunice aphroditois punctata Fishelson & Rullier, 1969 accepted as Eunice rullieri Fauchald, 1992 (source of synonymy)
Eunice arcturi (Treadwell, 1928) (basis of record)
Eunice argentinensis (Treadwell, 1929) (basis of record)
Eunice armillata (Treadwell, 1922) (source of synonymy)
Eunice attenuata Grube, 1866 (status source)
Eunice aucklandica Averincev, 1972 (redescription)
Eunice auriculata Treadwell, 1900 accepted as Euniphysa auriculata (Treadwell, 1900) (new combination reference)
Eunice balfouriana (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Eunice biformicirrata (Treadwell, 1922) (basis of record)
Eunice binominata Quatrefages, 1866 (status source)
Eunice brevis (Ehlers, 1887) (basis of record)
Eunice bucciensis (Treadwell, 1921) (basis of record)
Eunice caeca Shisko, 1981 (redescription)
Eunice cariboea Grube, 1856 accepted as Nicidion cariboea (Grube, 1856) (additional source)
Eunice cingulata Claparède, 1868 (status source)
Eunice cirrobranchiata McIntosh, 1885 (status source)
Eunice congesta Marenzeller, 1879 (status source)
Eunice contingens (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice crassitentaculata (Treadwell, 1922) (basis of record)
Eunice curticirrus Knox, 1960 (redescription)
Eunice djiboutiensis Gravier, 1900 (basis of record)
Eunice dubia Woodworth, 1907 accepted as Palola dubia (Woodworth, 1907) (status source)
Eunice dubitata Fauchald, 1974 (redescription)
Eunice dubitatus Fauchald, 1974 accepted as Eunice dubitata Fauchald, 1974 (additional source)
Eunice eimeorum Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice elegans (Verrill, 1900) (basis of record)
Eunice enteles (Chamberlin, 1918) accepted as Leodice enteles Chamberlin, 1918 (source of synonymy)
Eunice eugeniae Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice excariboea Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice fasciata (Risso, 1826) (status source)
Eunice filamentosa Grube & Örsted in Grube, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Eunice flavapunctata (Treadwell, 1922) (basis of record)
Eunice flavopicta Izuka, 1912 (status source)
Eunice floridana (Pourtalès, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Eunice fucata Ehlers, 1887 (redescription)
Eunice fuscafasciata (Treadwell, 1922) accepted as Nicidion fuscafasciata Treadwell, 1922 (basis of record)
Eunice gagzoi Augener, 1922 (redescription)
Eunice gigantea (Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Eunice aphroditois (Pallas, 1788) (status source)
Eunice goodei Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice goodsiri (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Eunice gracilis Grube, 1866 (basis of record)
Eunice gracilis Moore, 1903 accepted as Eunice japonica Fauchald, 1992 (status source)
Eunice gracilis antennata Grube, 1866 accepted as Eunice gracilis Grube, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Eunice grubei Gravier, 1900 (source of synonymy)
Eunice guanica (Treadwell, 1921) (basis of record)
Eunice hawaiiensis Treadwell, 1906 accepted as Eunice hawaiensis Treadwell, 1906 (status source)
Eunice hirschi Fauchald, 1992 (basis of record)
Eunice hirschi Fauchald, 1992 (original description)
Eunice hispanica (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) (basis of record)
Eunice impexa Grube, 1878 (redescription)
Eunice jeffreysii McIntosh, 1903 accepted as Euniphysa jeffreysii (McIntosh, 1903) (taxonomy source)
Eunice kerguelensis Averincev, 1972 (redescription)
Eunice kinbergi Ehlers, 1868 (redescription)
Eunice kobiensis McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Eunice langi (Treadwell, 1943) (basis of record)
Eunice leuconuchalis Benham, 1900 accepted as Eunice australis Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Leodice australis (Quatrefages, 1866) (additional source)
Eunice levibranchia (Hoagland, 1920) (basis of record)
Eunice lita (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice longicirrata (Kinberg, 1865) (source of synonymy)
Eunice longicirrata (Kinberg, 1865) (status source)
Eunice longicirrata Webster, 1884 accepted as Eunice websteri Fauchald, 1969 (status source)
Eunice longiqua Kinberg, 1865 (status source)
Eunice longisetis Webster, 1884 (status source)
Eunice macrobranchia Schmarda, 1861 (redescription)
Eunice magellanica McIntosh, 1885 (status source)
Eunice makemoana (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice margaritacea Williams, 1853 (basis of record)
Eunice maxima Quatrefages, 1866 (status source)
Eunice megalodus Grube, 1878 accepted as Euniphysa megalodus (Grube, 1878) (taxonomy source)
Eunice monilifer (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice nesiotes (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice nigricans Schmarda, 1861 (status source)
Eunice norvegica (Linnaeus, 1767) (source of synonymy)
Eunice notata (Treadwell, 1921) accepted as Nicidion notata (Treadwell, 1921) (basis of record)
Eunice oliga (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice panamena (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice papeetensis (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Eunice papeetensis (Chamberlin, 1919) (source of synonymy)
Eunice parca Grube, 1878 (status source)
Eunice parva Hansen, 1882 (status source)
Eunice paucibranchis Grube, 1866 (status source)
Eunice pauroneurata (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Holotype ZIL (Russia) 1/15808, geounit Kerguelen Islands, identified as Eunice kerguelensis Averincev, 1972
Holotype ZML (Russia) 1/15807, geounit Auckland Island, identified as Eunice aucklandica Averincev, 1972




 Additional information

Absence/presence of branchiae is not currently considered a valid diagnostic character at genera level of Eunicidae ... [details]

 Authority

The author of Eunicidae is Berthold (1827: 227) according to Fauchald (1992: 2) as his translation of Latreille was ... [details]

 Classification

Miura (1986) created the new combination Euniphysa tubicola, but Shen & Wu (1991) and Fauchald (1992) disagreed and ... [details]

 Description

Based on one small specimen. Branchiae present chaetiger 8-21 (of 79), 1-2 filaments (mostly 1), no distinct ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Fauchald (1992:183) retained this taxon as valid, but it appears to be near indeterminable, at least from the ... [details]

 New combination

Fauchald (1992: 217) stated the features of E. megalodus are those found in genus Euniphysa. Lu & Fauchald (2000) ... [details]

 Publication date

Fauchald (1992:72) cites the original publication date as 1974 for this species and also for E. kerguelensis, but ... [details]

 Publication date

Fauchald (1992: 72) pointed out that the first short description was clearly in 1900 (the name is in the paper ... [details]

 Publication date

Published in 1981 (31 December, 1981 according to journal cover). This year date is confirmed in Fauchald (1992), ... [details]

 Status

With some reservations, the discussion given by Fauchald (1992: 155) on "Eunice gigantea auctores" (as Fauchald ... [details]

 Status

Fauchald dismisses the Linnaeus name of 'Nereis gigantea' as indeterminable (although it is referring to an ... [details]

 Synonymy

Hartman (1959) synonymized Nicidion fusca-fasciata Treadwell, 1922 to this species. Synonym was not accepted by ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Erected by Kinberg for Eunice species with quadrilobate prostomia and nine, rather than seven maxillae [fide ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Valid species similar to Eunice websteri Fauchald, 1969. [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice filamentosa Grube & Örsted in Grube, 1856 by Hartman ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice vittata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) by Imajima & Hartman (1964). ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice aphroditois (Pallas, 1788) by Miura (1986). Fauchald (1992) ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice macrobranchia Schmarda, 1861 by Augener (1927). Fauchald ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice frauenfeldi Grube, 1866 by Hartman (1964). Fauchald (1992) ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice macrobranchia Schmarda, 1861 by Augener (1925). Fauchald ... [details]

 Taxonomy

This species was considered a junior synonym of Eunice rubra Grube, 1856 by Augener (1934). Fauchald (1992) ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Species valid and redescribed in Fauchald (1992). [details]

 Taxonomy

Erected by Kinberg for abranchiate Eunice [fide Fauchald, 1992:28] [details]

 Type locality

Shelf depths off Auckland Islands, -51.2167, 165.6167, 183 m [details]

 Type locality

Deepwater off Tanner Bank, southern California, 32 49.8'N, 119 29.86'W, 1357 m [details]

 Type locality

Off Kerguelen Islands, shelf depths, -49.6353, 70.7186, 141 m [details]

 Type locality

Between Sumatra and Borneo, latitude -2.5 deg, longitude107.1666 deg, clearly originally stated by Kinberg as ... [details]

 Type species

Cuvier (1817: 525) only names a Eunice species in a footnote, and the name he uses is as "Terebella aphroditois, ... [details]