WoRMS taxon details

Mycedium elephantotus (Pallas, 1766)

207373  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207373)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofMadrepora elephantotus Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description Colonies occur in particularly attractive shades of green and purple, showing strongly iridescent colours. Usually the...  
Description Colonies occur in particularly attractive shades of green and purple, showing strongly iridescent colours. Usually the centres of calices have a different colour to the greener inter-corallite tissue. The corallites always incline outward, towards the edges of the leaves. Undersides are not spiny. Septo-costae are commonly without spines. Young colonies show a central, large calice and rudimentary peripheral ones and may be confused with Echinopora echinata. This species is found over a broad range of depths on fore- and back reef slopes. It also tolerates well the more sedimented lagoonal habitats where it can resist sedimentation, partly due to a tendency always to grow on vertical faces in such habitats. It may form colonies up to a metre across in sheltered areas, though colonies are usually smaller on fore-reef slopes. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are laminar or foliaceous. Corallites are nose-shaped, facing outward towards the corallum perimeter. Septa and columellae are well developed and costae form outwardly radiating ribs on the corallum surface which may become highly elaborated on corallite walls. The coenosteum is never pitted at the insertion of new septo-costae. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: usually a uniform brown, grey, green or pink but may have green or red oral discs and may have a coloured margin around the colony. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Similar in colour and growth to Oxypora and Echinophyllia, but corallites clearly face towards the perimeter of the plates. Colonies may be foliaceous. Septo-costae are again evident as striations radiating to the perimeter of the colony. Habitat: diverse reef areas. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Mycedium elephantotus (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207373 on 2018-11-15
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed

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original description Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofMycedium tenuicostatum Verrill, 1901) Verrill, A.E. 1901. Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 11: 63-168, pls. 10-35. [details]   

original description  (ofMycedium tubifex (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora elephantotus Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. <em>Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae.</em> pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPhyllastraea tubifex Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofMycedium okeni Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne, H. ; Haime. J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie.</em> 15(3): 73-144. [details]   

original description  (ofMycedium explanatum Verrill, 1901) Verrill, A.E. 1901. Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 11: 63-168, pls. 10-35. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies occur in particularly attractive shades of green and purple, showing strongly iridescent colours. Usually the centres of calices have a different colour to the greener inter-corallite tissue. The corallites always incline outward, towards the edges of the leaves. Undersides are not spiny. Septo-costae are commonly without spines. Young colonies show a central, large calice and rudimentary peripheral ones and may be confused with Echinopora echinata. This species is found over a broad range of depths on fore- and back reef slopes. It also tolerates well the more sedimented lagoonal habitats where it can resist sedimentation, partly due to a tendency always to grow on vertical faces in such habitats. It may form colonies up to a metre across in sheltered areas, though colonies are usually smaller on fore-reef slopes. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are laminar or foliaceous. Corallites are nose-shaped, facing outward towards the corallum perimeter. Septa and columellae are well developed and costae form outwardly radiating ribs on the corallum surface which may become highly elaborated on corallite walls. The coenosteum is never pitted at the insertion of new septo-costae. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: usually a uniform brown, grey, green or pink but may have green or red oral discs and may have a coloured margin around the colony. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Similar in colour and growth to Oxypora and Echinophyllia, but corallites clearly face towards the perimeter of the plates. Colonies may be foliaceous. Septo-costae are again evident as striations radiating to the perimeter of the colony. Habitat: diverse reef areas. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Spelling Spelled M. elephantotum in Best et al. (1980) . Type locality: "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English Chinese lettuce coral  [details]
Japanese ウスカミサンゴ  [details]