WoRMS taxon details

Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)

207350  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207350)

accepted
Species
Fungia crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860 (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Fungia dentata Dana, 1846 (junior synonym)
Fungia patella var. tenuifolia (Dana, 1846) (Synonymy, changed combination)
Halomitra (Halomitra) fungites Studer, 1901 (Synonymy and secondary homonym)
Halomitra fungites Studer, 1901 (synonym and secondary homonym)
Madrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination, basionym)
Monomyces patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (Synonymy, changed combination)

Variety Fungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
Variety Fungia fungites var. columnifera Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
Variety Fungia fungites var. crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy, changed combination)
Variety Fungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
Variety Fungia fungites var. discus Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (Synonymy)
Variety Fungia fungites var. grandis Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
Variety Fungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. indica Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. papillosa Verrill, 1866 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (Synonymy)
Variety Fungia fungites var. plicata Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Variety Fungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(ofMadrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(ofFungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Note Red Sea (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Corals are circular. Septa have triangular, small teeth, and costae have regular, tall and smooth spines. Coralla reach...  
Description Corals are circular. Septa have triangular, small teeth, and costae have regular, tall and smooth spines. Coralla reach over 30 cm across and are slightly arched. The species is very common in sandy, rubble and hard substrate areas, down to at least 35 m deep. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corals are circular or subcircular, up to 280 mm in diameter. Septal teeth are triangular, pointed, coral spines are tall, smooth and conical. Colour: Brown, sometimes mottles. Abundance: Very common. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207350 on 2018-11-19
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-26 22:15:03Z
checked
2018-07-21 16:09:03Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofFungia haimei Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofFungia agariciformis Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck J.B. (1801). <i>Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République.</i> Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (ofFungia patella Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofFungia papillosa Verrill, 1866) Verrill, A.E., 1866. Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N. from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Comm. Essex Inst. 5 : 17-50., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103663#page/255/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofFungia agariciformis var. tenuifolia Dana, 1846) Lamarck J.B. (1801). <i>Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République.</i> Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (ofFungia dentata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofFungia confertifolia Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofFungia crassolamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne, H. ; Haime. J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie.</em> 15(3): 73-144. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia crassilamellata Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. plicata Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. incisa Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. indica Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. grandis Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. stylifera Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. columnifera Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. insularis Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. lucapensis Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofHalomitra fungites Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia pliculosa Studer, 1878) Studer, T. (1878). Übersicht der Steinkorallen aus der Familie der Madreporaria aporosa, Eupsammina und Turbinaria, welche auf der Reise S.M.S. Gazelle um die Erde gesammelt wurden. <em>Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 1877: 625-655 pls 1-4. [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) fungites Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (ofMonomyces patella (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofFungia patella var. tenuifolia (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofFungia patella var. crassilamellata (Milne Edwards, 1860)) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofFungia patella var. obtusa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. haimei Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. agariciformis Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck J.B. (1801). <i>Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République.</i> Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. papillosa Verrill, 1866) Verrill, A.E., 1866. Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N. from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Comm. Essex Inst. 5 : 17-50., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103663#page/255/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. dentata Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofFungia fungites var. confertifolia Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Corals are circular. Septa have triangular, small teeth, and costae have regular, tall and smooth spines. Coralla reach over 30 cm across and are slightly arched. The species is very common in sandy, rubble and hard substrate areas, down to at least 35 m deep. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corals are circular or subcircular, up to 280 mm in diameter. Septal teeth are triangular, pointed, coral spines are tall, smooth and conical. Colour: Brown, sometimes mottles. Abundance: Very common. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English mushroom coral  [details]
Japanese シタザラクサビライシ  [details]