WoRMS taxon details

Fungia Lamarck, 1801

206375  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206375)

accepted
Genus
Madrepora fungites Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758)

Subgenus Fungia (Ctenactis) Verrill, 1864 accepted as Ctenactis Verrill, 1864
  » Species Fungia (Ctenactis) echinata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Subgenus Fungia (Cycloseris) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 accepted as Cycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) costulata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) curvata Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (original combination, basionym)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) cyclolites Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) distorta Michelin, 1842 accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) fragilis (Alcock, 1893) accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) halophila Felix, 1915 † accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Sinuorota hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) martini Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym ?)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) patella Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (misidentification by Gerth (1921))
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) pseudoechinata Gerth, 1925 † accepted as Pleuractis moluccensis (Van der Horst, 1919) (junior synonym)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) sinensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) somervillei Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Cycloseris somervillei (Gardiner, 1909) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) stammi Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris vaughani (Boschma, 1923) (uncertain identity, synonym ?)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) subcyclolites Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym ?)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) tenuis Dana, 1846 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) vaughani Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris vaughani (Boschma, 1923) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Cycloseris) wanneri Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (junior synonym)
Subgenus Fungia (Danafungia) Wells, 1966 accepted as Danafungia Wells, 1966
  » Species Fungia (Danafungia) fralinae Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Heliofungia fralinae (Nemenzo, 1955) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Danafungia) horrida Dana, 1846 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (previous combination)
  » Species Fungia (Danafungia) scruposa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (previous combination)
Subgenus Fungia (Fungia) Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia Lamarck, 1801
  » Species Fungia (Fungia) fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (previous combination)
Subgenus Fungia (Heliofungia) Wells, 1966 accepted as Heliofungia Wells, 1966
Subgenus Fungia (Lobactis) Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lobactis Verrill, 1864
  » Species Fungia (Lobactis) scutaria Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (previous combination)
Subgenus Fungia (Pleuractis) Verrill, 1864 accepted as Pleuractis Verrill, 1864
Subgenus Fungia (Verrillofungia) Wells, 1966 accepted as Lithophyllon Rehberg, 1892 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Fungia (Wellsofungia) Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Pleuractis Verrill, 1864 (junior synonym)
Species Fungia actiniformis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia actinodiscus Umbgrove, 1950 † accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia acutidens Studer, 1877 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia adrianae Van Der Horst, 1921 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
Species Fungia agariciformis Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia alta Nemenzo, 1983 accepted as Pleuractis alta (Nemenzo, 1983) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia asperata Dana, 1846 accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Fungia borneensis Gerth, 1925 † accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
Species Fungia brachystoma Thiel, 1932 accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
Species Fungia carcharias Studer, 1877 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia colini (Veron, 2000) accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia concinna Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia confertifolia Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia cooperi Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
Species Fungia corona Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia coronula Goldfuss, 1827 † accepted as Micrabacia coronula (Goldfuss, 1827) †
Species Fungia costulata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia crassa Dana, 1846 accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia crassilamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1860 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Species Fungia crassitentaculata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia crassolamellata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia curvata Hoeksema, 1989 accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia cyclolites Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia danae Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym, changed spelling)
Species Fungia dentata Dana, 1846 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia dentigera Leuckart, 1841 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia discus Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia distorta Michelin, 1842 accepted as Cycloseris distorta (Michelin, 1842) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia diversidens Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia döderleini Von Marenzeller, 1907 accepted as Cantharellus doederleini (von Marenzeller, 1907) (amended spelling, new combination)
Species Fungia doederleini Yabe & Sugiyama, 1941 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (homonym of Fungia doederleini Marenzeller, 1907, junior synonym)
Species Fungia doederleini von Marenzeller, 1907 accepted as Cantharellus doederleini (von Marenzeller, 1907) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia echinata (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Species Fungia elegans Verrill, 1870 accepted as Cycloseris curvata (Hoeksema, 1989) (homonym of Fungia elegans Bronn, 1837)
Species Fungia elegans Bronn, 1837 † accepted as Stephanophyllia elegans (Bronn, 1837) †
Species Fungia erosa Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
Species Fungia fieldi Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia fragilis (Alcock, 1893) accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (previous combination)
Species Fungia fralinae Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Heliofungia fralinae (Nemenzo, 1955) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia gigantea Dana, 1846 accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia glans Dana, 1846 accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
Species Fungia granulicostata Umbgrove, 1946 † accepted as Heliofungia actiniformis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia granulosa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Pleuractis granulosa (Klunzinger, 1879) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia gravis Nemenzo, 1955 accepted as Pleuractis gravis (Nemenzo, 1955) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia haemei Verrill, 1864 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia halophila Felix, 1915 † accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
Species Fungia hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Sinuorota hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia horrida Dana, 1846 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia integra Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia japonica Vaughan, 1906 † accepted as Cycloseris cyclolites (Lamarck, 1815) (synonym)
Species Fungia klunzingeri Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia horrida (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia laciniosa Boschma, 1925 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (synonym)
Species Fungia limacina Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia linnaei Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia lobulata Ortmann, 1889 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia madagascarensis Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia marginata Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
Species Fungia martini Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym ?)
Species Fungia moluccensis Horst, 1919 accepted as Pleuractis moluccensis (Van der Horst, 1919) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia oahensis Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia papillosa Verrill, 1866 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia patella Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Fungia patelliformis Boschma, 1923 accepted as Cycloseris fragilis (Alcock, 1893) (synonym)
Species Fungia paumotensis Stuchbury, 1833 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia pectinata Ehrenberg, 1834 accepted as Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) (synonym)
Species Fungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758) (previous combination)
Species Fungia placunaria Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia plana Studer, 1877 accepted as Fungia concinna Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864)
Species Fungia praecursor Umbgrove, 1946 † accepted as Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia proechinata Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia puishani Veron & DeVantier, 2000 accepted as Fungia fungites (Linnaeus, 1758) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia repanda Dana, 1846 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia rugosa Quelch, 1886 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia samboangensis Vaughan, 1906 accepted as Lithophyllon repanda (Dana, 1846) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia scabra Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Lithophyllon scabra (Döderlein, 1901) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia scruposa Klunzinger, 1879 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia scutaria Lamarck, 1801 accepted as Lobactis scutaria (Lamarck, 1801) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia serrulata Verrill, 1864 accepted as Lithophyllon concinna (Verrill, 1864) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia seychellensis Hoeksema, 1993 accepted as Pleuractis seychellensis (Hoeksema, 1993) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia sibogae Van Der Horst, 1921 accepted as Cycloseris costulata (Ortmann, 1889) (synonym)
Species Fungia simplex (Gardiner, 1905) accepted as Ctenactis crassa (Dana, 1846) (synonymy)
Species Fungia sinensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (previous combination)
Species Fungia somervillei Gardiner, 1909 accepted as Cycloseris somervillei (Gardiner, 1909) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia spinifer Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987 accepted as Lithophyllon spinifer (Claereboudt & Hoeksema, 1987) (original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia stammi Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris vaughani (Boschma, 1923) (uncertain identity, synonym ?)
Species Fungia subcyclolites Felix, 1921 † accepted as Cycloseris sinensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (junior synonym ?)
Species Fungia subpaumotensis Umbgrove, 1946 † accepted as Pleuractis paumotensis (Stutchbury, 1833) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia subrepanda Döderlein, 1901 accepted as Danafungia scruposa (Klunzinger, 1879) (junior synonym)
Species Fungia symmetrica Pourtalès, 1871 accepted as Fungiacyathus (Bathyactis) symmetricus (Pourtalès, 1871)
Species Fungia taiwanensis Hoeksema & Dai, 1991 (unaccepted, original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia talpa Lamarck, 1815 (unaccepted, junior synonym, homonym of Madrepora talpa Houttuyn, 1772)
Species Fungia talpina Lamarck, 1801 (unaccepted, original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia tenuidens Quelch, 1886 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Fungia tenuis Dana, 1846 (unaccepted, original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia valida Verrill, 1864 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Fungia vaughani Boschma, 1923 (unaccepted, original combination, basionym)
Species Fungia verrilliana Quelch, 1886 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Fungia wanneri Felix, 1921 † (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Fungia weberi Van der Horst, 1921 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Lamarck J.B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   
Description Corals are solitary (except for F. simplex and occasionally other species), free-living (except for juveniles), flat or...  
Description Corals are solitary (except for F. simplex and occasionally other species), free-living (except for juveniles), flat or done-shaped, circular or elongate in outline, with a central mouth. Septa have large or small, rounded or pointed teeth, costae consist mostly of rows of spines. The disc often has pits between the costae on the lower surface. Polyps are usually extended only at night and have short widely spaced tentacles. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Fungia Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206375 on 2018-06-24
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2006-09-12 06:54:36Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2013-01-24 18:51:11Z
checked
2013-01-30 18:25:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck J.B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (ofFungia (Fungia) Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck J.B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source Wells, J.W. 1966. Evolutionary development in the scleractinian family Fungiidae. In: Rees WJ (ed.) The Cnidaria and their evolution. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 16: 223–246, pl. 1. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofFungia (Fungia) Lamarck, 1801) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofFungia (Fungia) Lamarck, 1801) Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source  (ofFungia (Fungia) Lamarck, 1801) Wells, J.W. 1966. Evolutionary development in the scleractinian family Fungiidae. In: Rees WJ (ed.) The Cnidaria and their evolution. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London 16: 223–246, pl. 1. Academic Press, London. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description Corals are solitary (except for F. simplex and occasionally other species), free-living (except for juveniles), flat or done-shaped, circular or elongate in outline, with a central mouth. Septa have large or small, rounded or pointed teeth, costae consist mostly of rows of spines. The disc often has pits between the costae on the lower surface. Polyps are usually extended only at night and have short widely spaced tentacles. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese シタザラクサビライシ  [details]