WoRMS taxon details

Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801

135085  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135085)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Subgenus Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) Lamarck, 1801
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abrupta Cairns, 1999
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alaskensis Vaughan, 1941
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alberti Zibrowius, 1980
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ambrosia Alcock, 1898
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) antarctica Marenzeller, 1904
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) antillarum Pourtalès, 1874
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) arnoldi Vaughan, 1900
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) aspera Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) balanacea Zibrowius & Gili, 1990
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) barbadensis Cairns, 1979
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) calveri Duncan, 1873
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cintinculata (Alcock, 1898)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) concreta Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) conferta Dana, 1846
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornulum Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) corona Duchassaing, 1870
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) coronula Cairns & Polonio, 2013
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) corrugata Cairns, 1979
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crypta Cairns, 2000
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cyathus (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) diomedeae Marenzeller, 1904
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) eltaninae Cairns, 1982
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) foresti Zibrowius, 1980
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) grandis Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) hawaiiensis Vaughan, 1907
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) horologium Cairns, 1977
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) huinayensis Cairns, Haeussermann & Foersterra, 2005
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) inornata (Duncan, 1878)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) japonica Marenzeller, 1888
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) jogashimaensis Eguchi, 1968
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) kellerae Cairns & Polonio, 2013
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) laevigata Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) lamellifera Moseley, 1881
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) mabahithi Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) marmorea Cairns, 1984
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) oblonga Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) octonaria Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) octopali Vaughan, 1907
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paradoxus Alcock, 1898
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paucipalata Moseley, 1881
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) perculta Cairns, 1991
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) planilamellata Dennant, 1906
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) polygona Pourtalès, 1878
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) profunda Moseley, 1881
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) protei Duchassaing, 1870
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) quadragenaria Alcock, 1902
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ralphae Cairns, 1995
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) rugosa Moseley, 1881
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) sarsiae Zibrowius, 1974
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) secta Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) seguenzae Duncan, 1873
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) sewelli Gardiner & Waugh, 1938
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) solida Cairns, 1991
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) squiresi Cairns, 1982
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) stellula Cairns, 1998
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) tangaroae Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) transversalis Moseley, 1881
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) valdiviae Zibrowius & Gili, 1990
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) versicolorata Kitahara, Cairns & Miller, 2010
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) zopyros Cairns, 1979
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) compressa Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alcocki Vaughan, 1907 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) capensis Gardiner, 1904 accepted as Paraconotrochus capense (Gardiner, 1904)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ceratoconus Hu, 1987 accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) clavus Scacchi, 1835 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (Synonymy)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) compressa Gardiner & Waugh, 1938 accepted as Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 (junior homonym)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornigera Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Dendrophyllia cornigera (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornuformis Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cultrifera Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902 (Synonymy)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) elongata Cairns in Cairns & Keller, 1993 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) crosnieri Cairns & Zibrowius, 1997 (junior homonym of C. clavus var. elongata Duncan, 1873)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) formosa Pourtalès, 1867 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) inskipi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (Synonymy)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) laevicostata Moseley, 1881 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) margaritata Jourdan, 1895 accepted as Vaughanella margaritata (Jourdan, 1895)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pacifica Keller, 1981 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) panda Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (basionym, changed combination)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paraoctopali Yabe & Eguchi, 1942 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) rugosa Moseley, 1881
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) parvula Cairns, 1979 accepted as Coenocyathus parvulus (Cairns, 1979)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pourtalesi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (Synonymy)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) pseudoturbinolia Michelin, 1841 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scillaeomorpha Alcock, 1894 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ambrosia Alcock, 1898
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) sinuosa Duchassaing, 1870 accepted as Paracyathus pulchellus (Philippi, 1842)
  » Species Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) vermiformis Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873
Species Caryophyllia affinis Duncan, 1864 †
Species Caryophyllia arcuata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Species Caryophyllia arcuata Seguenza, 1863 †
Species Caryophyllia californica Vaughan, 1903 †
Species Caryophyllia communis (Seguenza, 1863)
Species Caryophyllia compressa (Lamarck, 1816) †
Species Caryophyllia endothecata Duncan, 1882
Species Caryophyllia feddeni Duncan, 1880 †
Species Caryophyllia gajensis Duncan, 1880 †
Species Caryophyllia gigas van der Horst, 1931
Species Caryophyllia indica Duncan, 1880 †
Species Caryophyllia paucipaliata Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †
Species Caryophyllia pedroensis Vaughan, 1903 †
Species Caryophyllia viola Duncan & Woods, 1870 †

Species Caryophyllia angolosa Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia aradasiana Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia clavata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia clavus Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum, homonym of Caryophillia clavus Scacchi, 1835)
Species Caryophyllia compressa Seguenza, 1864 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia compressa Duncan, 1880 † (taxon inquirendum, homonym of Caryophyllia compressa (Lamarck, 1816))
Species Caryophyllia cornicula Le Sueur, 1820 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia corniculata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia coronata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia crassitheca Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia cylindracea Duncan, 1873 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia duodecimangulata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia elegans Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia gemellariana Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia geniculata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia gigantea Le Sueur, 1820 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia inflata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia laspadae Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia ornata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia pedunculata Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia peloritana Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia pulmonea Le Sueur, 1820 † (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia seguenzae Duncan, 1873 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia sinuosa Lamarck, 1816 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Caryophyllia zanclaea Seguenza, 1863 † (taxon inquirendum)

Species Caryophyllia compressa Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 (nomen nudum, homonym of Caryophyllia compressa (Lamarck, 1816))

Species Caryophyllia abyssorum Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia alaskensis Vaughan, 1941 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) alaskensis Vaughan, 1941 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia ambrosia Alcock, 1898 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ambrosia Alcock, 1898 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia angulosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Euphyllia glabrescens (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (synonym)
Species Caryophyllia arbuscula Le Sueur, 1820 accepted as Cladocora arbuscula (Le Sueur, 1820) (basionym)
Species Caryophyllia arnoldi Vaughan, 1900 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) arnoldi Vaughan, 1900 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia astreata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Galaxea astreata (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination, basionym)
Species Caryophyllia atlantica (Duncan, 1873) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia australis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Homophyllia australis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (original combination, basionym)
Species Caryophyllia borealis (Fleming, 1828) accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia calveri Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) calveri Duncan, 1873 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia carduus Audouin, 1826 accepted as Cynarina lacrymalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (synonym)
Species Caryophyllia carpenteri Duncan, 1878 accepted as Stenocyathus vermiformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia cenomana Michelin, 1845 † accepted as Lophosmilia cenomana (Michelin, 1845) †
Species Caryophyllia clavus Scacchi, 1835 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia cornuformis Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cornuformis Pourtalès, 1868 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia cristata (Esper, 1789) accepted as Lobophyllia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834) (synonym)
Species Caryophyllia cubensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Scolymia cubensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (basionym)
Species Caryophyllia cultrifera Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902 (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia cynthus Heller, 1868 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) cyathus (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (wrong spelling)
Species Caryophyllia deshayesiana Michelin, 1850 accepted as Cynarina lacrymalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (synonym)
Species Caryophyllia diomedeae Marenzeller, 1904 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) diomedeae Marenzeller, 1904 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia ephyala Alcock, 1891 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) ephyala Alcock, 1891 (basionym, changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia europaea Risso, 1826 accepted as Balanophyllia (Balanophyllia) europaea (Risso, 1826)
Species Caryophyllia formosa Pourtalès, 1867 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) berteriana Duchassaing, 1850 (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia glabrescens Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821 accepted as Euphyllia glabrescens (Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821) (original combination, basionym)
Species Caryophyllia lacrymalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 accepted as Cynarina lacrymalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (original combination, basionym)
Species Caryophyllia panda Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) atlantica (Duncan, 1873) (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia paradoxus Alcock, 1898 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) paradoxus Alcock, 1898 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia perculta Cairns, 1991 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) perculta Cairns, 1991 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia planilamellata Dennant, 1906 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) planilamellata Dennant, 1906 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia polygona Pourtalès, 1878 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) polygona Pourtalès, 1878 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia pourtalesi Duncan, 1873 accepted as Premocyathus cornuformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia pygmaea Risso, 1826 accepted as Monomyces pygmaea (Risso, 1826)
Species Caryophyllia quadragenaria Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) quadragenaria Alcock, 1902 (basionym, changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia scobinosa Alcock, 1902 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) scobinosa Alcock, 1902 (basionym, changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia simplex Duncan, 1878 accepted as Stenocyathus vermiformis (Pourtalès, 1868) (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) smithii Stokes & Broderip, 1828 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia solida Cairns, 1991 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) solida Cairns, 1991 (changed combination)
Species Caryophyllia solitaria Le Sueur, 1818 accepted as Astrangia solitaria (Le Sueur, 1818)
Species Caryophyllia vermiformis Duncan, 1873 accepted as Caryophyllia (Caryophyllia) abyssorum Duncan, 1873 (Synonymy)
Species Caryophyllia zanzibarensis Zou, 1984 accepted as Premocyathus dentiformis (Alcock, 1902)
marine
recent + fossil
Lamarck J.B. (1801). <i>Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République.</i> Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   
Depth range 0-2670 m  
Depth range 0-2670 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Jurassic to Recent  
Fossil range Upper Jurassic to Recent [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Caryophyllia Lamarck, 1801. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135085 on 2018-10-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-07 06:51:43Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2010-08-26 07:11:38Z
checked
2010-09-14 23:09:58Z
changed
2018-08-09 16:47:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck J.B. (1801). <i>Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République.</i> Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (ofCeratocyathus Seguenza, 1861) Seguenza, G. (1863-1864). Disquisizioni paleontologiche intorno ai corallarii fossili delle rocce Terziarie del distretto di Messina. <em>Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino, Serie II.</em> 21: 399-458, ples 1-5 [1863], 459-560, pls. 6-15 [1864]., available online at http://archive.org/details/mobot32044093290419 [details]   

original description  (ofAnthophyllum Schweigger, 1819) Schweigger, A.F., 1819. Beobachtungen auf naturhistorischen Reisen. Anatomisch-Physiologische Untersuchungen über Corallen. Reimer, Berlin. 188 pp., 8 plates, available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.14416 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., Baron-Szabo, R., A. F. Budd, B. Lathuiliere, E. Roniewicz, J. Stolarski, and K. G. Johnson, 2010. Corallosphere, available online at http://www.corallosphere.org [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate scleractinia of the Western Atlantic. <em>Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 125: 1-235. [details]   

redescription Kitahara, M.V., S.D. Cairns, and D.J. Miller. 2010. Monophyletic origin of Caryophyllia (Scleractinia, Caryophylliidae), with descriptions of six new species. Systematics and Biodiversity, 8(1): 91-118, 118 figs.  [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1994. Scleractinia of the Temperate North Pacific. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 557:150 pp., 42 plates, 3 figs.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 0-2670 m [details]

Fossil range Upper Jurassic to Recent [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]