WoRMS taxon details

Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767)

207366  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207366)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofMadrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and...  
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
WoRMS (2018). Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207366 on 2018-02-20
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-08 13:36:39Z
changed
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGalaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSarcinula hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea lawisiana Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fragilis Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea heterocyathus Ortmann, 1889) Ortmann, A. 1889. Beobachtungen an Steinkorallen von der Südküste Ceylons. Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere 4: 493-590, pls. 11-17. [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea aspera Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea esperi (Schweigger, 1820)) Schweigger, A. F. (1820). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte der skelettlosen ungegliederten Thiere. Leipzig, Im Verlag der Dyk'schen Buchhandlung. 1-802., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59209 [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. ellisi Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. aspera Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. solida Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. lawisiana Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. anthophyllites Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. minima Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea fascicularis var. columnaris Chevalier, 1971) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea ellisi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofGalaxea anthophyllites Faurot, 1894) Faurot, L. (1894). Description du Galaxea anthophyllites, nouvelle espèce de polypier de la mer Rouge. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France 19: 114-116.  [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

new combination reference  (ofGalaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains paleozoïques précédée d’un tableau général de la classification des polypes. Muséum National D’histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofGalaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea hystrix Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source  (ofGalaxea hystrix Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea tenella Brüggemann, 1879) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea tenella Brüggemann, 1879) Brüggemann F (1879) Ueber die Korallen der Insel Ponapé. Journal du Museum Godefroy, Hamburg 14: 201-212. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea fragilis Quelch, 1886) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofGalaxea lawisiana Nemenzo, 1959) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source  (ofMadrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767) Budd, A.F., Fukami, H., Smith, N.D. & Knowlton, N. 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 465–529. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofGalaxea anthophyllites Faurot, 1894) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea quoyi (Milne Edwards & Haime)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofGalaxea quoyi (Milne Edwards & Haime)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea irregularis (Milne Edwards & Haime)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofGalaxea irregularis (Milne Edwards & Haime)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea ellisi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofGalaxea ellisi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea aspera Quelch, 1886) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea heterocyathus Ortmann, 1889) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofGalaxea ellisi (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848)) Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofGalaxea esperi (Schweigger, 1820)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) AFCD. (2004). Ecological Status and Revised Species Records of Hong Kong’s Scleractinian Corals. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department,The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Spelling Spelled G. fasicularis in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: Torres Strait, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English octopus coral  [details]
Japanese アザミサンゴ  [details]