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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) 
AphiaID: 207366

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuphylliidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea Oken, 1815
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea aspera Quelch, 1886 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea ellisi (Milne Edwards & Haime) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea esperi (Schweigger, 1820) (synonym ?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea fragilis Quelch, 1886 (synonym ?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea heterocyathus Ortmann, 1889 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) (synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea hexagonalis (Milne Edwards & Haime) (synonym ?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea hystrix Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea irregularis (Milne Edwards & Haime) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea lawisiana Nemenzo, 1959 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea quoyi (Milne Edwards & Haime) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGalaxea tenella Brüggemann, 1879 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcinula hexagonalis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (synonymy)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1767). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 2): 533-1327, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details] [full text]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoroctopus coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus contractus Humes, 1979 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClamocus spinifer Humes, 1979 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKaranges galaxeanus Humes, 1979 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKaranges hypsorophus Humes, 1979 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia exserens Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus compressus Humes, 1996 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus moluccanus Humes, 1996 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus nasutus Humes, 1996 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia exserens Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (4 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (45 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (30 nucleotides; 21 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, 3-15 mm tall cylinders set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. Further enhancing this appearance of tall corallites are the extremely protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 3 - 5 mm above the corallite wall. Septa usually number over 24 in mature corallites. These are very attractive corals when living, due to the daytime extension of pale yellow, green or blue translucent tentacles. Colonies of this species are commonly less than 40 cm across, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive. Occasionally, such as in turbid waters, the species can provide over 50% cover over several hundred square metres, and these colonies may develop both foliaceous and sub-ramose parts, with smaller corallites on fast growing extensions. However, on the sub-ramose parts of giant colonies, calices are much smaller and have only 12 septa. (This is a character of Galaxea astreata. Where such fragments come from the same colonies as typical G. fascicularis, it seems likely that they represent young, fast growing edges.) Its depth range is 5-20 m deep (Sheppard, 1998).
Small colonies are cushion-shaped or low domes or irregular. Large colonies are of mixed sizes, commonly up to 6 mm in diameter with numerous septa reaching the corallite centre. Colour: Usually green, red and brown in various mixtures. Polyps are frequently extended during the day, and tentacles often have conspicuous white tips. Abundance: very common in a wide range of habitats and may be dominant on inshore fringing reefs, where columnar colonies frequently exceed 5 m in diameter (Veron, 1986).
The small, cushion-shaped colonies are readily recognised because of the spiky appearance caused by the protuberant radiating septa of the tubular corallites. Often feeds during the day. Colour: A vivid green, brown or red with white-tipped tentacles. Habitat: diverse, especially in turbid, shallow waters (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling Spelled G. fasicularis in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: Torres Strait, Great Barrier Reef (Veron, 1986). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207366
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-09-08 13:36:39Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Galaxea fascicularis. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207366 on 2014-08-21
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License