WoRMS taxon details

Galaxea astreata (Lamarck, 1816)

207368  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207368)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Caryophyllia astreata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   
Note "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, though in this species they are usually...  
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, though in this species they are usually smaller than in G. fascicularis. The 2-10 mm tall cylinders are 3-5 mm in diameter and are set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. The corallites are well spaced. There are 8-12 protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 2 - 3 mm above the corallite wall. During the daytime, pale tentacles protrude. Colonies of this species may exceed a metre in diameter, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive, or may develop spires and columns (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, columnar or encrusting, with uniform corallites 3-4.5 mm in diameter. Usually eight to 12 septa reach the corallite centre. Polyps are seldom extended during the day. Colour: usually pink, grey, green or brown. Abundance: common in any habitat protected from very strong wave action. Encrusting colonies may exceed 2 m in diameter in turbid water (Veron, 1986<>). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2020). World List of Scleractinia. Galaxea astreata (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207368 on 2020-07-07
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-08 13:36:39Z
changed
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Caryophyllia astreata Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora musicalis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus, C. (1767). <i>Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis.</i> Ed. 12. 1., <i>Regnum Animale. 1 & 2</i>. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. <em>Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii.</em> pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Anthophyllum clavus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea negrensis Nemenzo, 1979) Nemenzo, F. (1979). New species and new records of stony corals from west - central Philippines. <em>The Philippine Journal of Science.</em> 108 (1-2): 1-25. [details]   

original description  (of Galaxea susanae Nemenzo & Ferraris, 1982) Nemenzo F, CJ Ferraris (1982) Some scleractinian corals from the reefs of Cebu and Mactan Islands. Kalikasan: The Philippine Journal of Biology 11: 111-135. [details]   

original description  (of Anthophyllum sphaerula Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (of Sarcinula erecta Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) AFCD. (2004). Ecological Status and Revised Species Records of Hong Kong's Scleractinian Corals. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department,The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP (1971) Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). I. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie 5: 1-307, pls. 1-38. Paris.  [details]   

new combination reference Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1851). Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains palaeozoïques, précédée d'un tableau général de la classification des polypes. <em>Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives.</em> 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The skeleton of Galaxea is very distinctive. Corallites are extremely plocoid, though in this species they are usually smaller than in G. fascicularis. The 2-10 mm tall cylinders are 3-5 mm in diameter and are set into a flat and rather blistery coenosteum. The corallites are well spaced. There are 8-12 protuberant primary septa, projecting a further 2 - 3 mm above the corallite wall. During the daytime, pale tentacles protrude. Colonies of this species may exceed a metre in diameter, forming cushions, or are encrusting to sub-massive, or may develop spires and columns (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, columnar or encrusting, with uniform corallites 3-4.5 mm in diameter. Usually eight to 12 septa reach the corallite centre. Polyps are seldom extended during the day. Colour: usually pink, grey, green or brown. Abundance: common in any habitat protected from very strong wave action. Encrusting colonies may exceed 2 m in diameter in turbid water (Veron, 1986<>). [details]

Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English scalpel coraloctopus coral  [details]
German SternkoralleSkalpellkoralle  [details]
Japanese オガサワラアザミサンゴ  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE47closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE47wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]