WoRMS source details

McIntosh, William Carmichel. (1915). Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae. A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids. The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text).
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McIntosh, William Carmichel
1915
Polychaeta, Opheliidae to Ammocharidae
A Monograph of the British Marine Annelids.
The Ray Society, London, 3 (1): i-viii, 1-368 (text)
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Temporary Preface.
A larger number of species is dealt with in this volume than in the last, but as many were procured in deep water, for instance, by Dr. Gwyn Jeffreys and Canon Norman in Shetland, or captured under difficult circumstances, it has not been possible to include so many coloured figures as could have been wished. Yet in this part economically valuable forms, such as the Arenicolids and Spionids, brightly phosphorescent types like Chaetopterus, the most cosmopolitan of all the boring groups, viz. the Polydorae and Dodecaceridsae, the complex and physiologically interesting Magelona and the Capitellidae, and, lastly, the numerous and peculiar family of the Maldanids, fall to be considered.
While some in this section lack beauty of coloration in contrast with the elegant Phyllodocidae, they, for example, Chaetopterus and Magelona, surpass these in the remarkable complexity of outline, or in special modification of internal structure. The coloured figures by my late sister, Mrs. Albert Günther, and those by Miss Walker, speak for themselves.
To my colleagues of the Old and the New World I am much indebted for many valuable works and memoirs pertaining to the Marine Annelids, and especially of the families now under consideration. Whilst a list of these will probably be given in the final part, it is right now to record the loss which everyone interested in the group has felt by the death of the veteran naturalist, Prof. Kinberg, of Stockholm. As a pioneer his name is worthy of honourable remembrance along with those of Rathke, Grube, George Johnston, De Quatrefages, Malmgren, and Langerhans.
The kind aid of Canon Norman and the late Dr. Gwyn Jeffreys in their dredging in former years in the Zetlandic seas has again to be recorded. To Dr. Allen, of the Plymouth Marine Laboratory, for southern specimens, to Prof. Arwidsson, of Upsala, for aid with the Maldanidae, to Mr. Southern for his courtesy in forwarding Irish specimens, and to Mr. Arnold Watson for a coloured and other figures of Owenia, my special thanks are due.
I have also, as on former occasions, to acknowledge the courtesy of the Librarians of the Linnean, the Royal, and the Zoological Societies of London, of the British Museum (Natural History), as well as that of the Librarians of the University of St. Andrews.
My thanks are further due to Miss Ada H. Walker for her skilful and patient work with pencil and brush. Unfortunately one or two forms were found to be British at the last moment, and hence the illustrative figures were entered with difficulty in the plates, whilst others have to be delayed for future publication.
Britain
British Islands
North Sea (and Channel)
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Ammochares Grube, 1846 accepted as Owenia Delle Chiaje, 1844 (status source)
Ammochares aedificator Andrews, 1891 accepted as Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 (source of synonymy)
Ammochares assimilis Sars, 1851 accepted as Owenia assimilis (Sars, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Ammochares ottonis Grube, 1846 accepted as Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 (source of synonymy)
Asychis jeffreysii McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Asychis biceps (M. Sars, 1861) accepted as Chirimia biceps biceps (Sars, 1861) (original description)
Axiothella zetlandica McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (original description)
Chaetopterus insignis Baird, 1864 accepted as Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) (source of synonymy)
Chaetopterus leuckarti Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) (source of synonymy)
Chaetopterus valencinii Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) (source of synonymy)
Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) (additional source)
Cirratulispio McIntosh, 1911 (redescription)
Cirratulispio caulleryi McIntosh, 1915 (original description)
Cirratulus abranchiatus Hansen, 1878 (basis of record)
Cirratulus abyssorum Hansen, 1878 (additional source)
Cirratulus flavescens Johnston, 1825 accepted as Cirratulus cirratus (O. F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus fuscescens Johnston, 1825 (additional source)
Cirratulus medusa Johnston, 1833 (basis of record)
Cirratulus tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Clymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (basis of record)
Clymene truncata Quatrefages, 1850 (basis of record)
Diplotis hyalina Montagu, 1816 (additional source)
Dodecaceria concharum Örsted, 1843 (additional source)
Eumenia crassa Örsted, 1843 accepted as Polyphysia crassa (Örsted, 1843) (source of synonymy)
Eumenia ebranchiata Baird in McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Polyphysia crassa (Örsted, 1843) (original description)
Euspio McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Spio Fabricius, 1785 (original description)
Euspio gravieri McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Malacoceros tetracerus (Schmarda, 1861) (original description)
Euspio mesnili McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Spio mesnili (McIntosh, 1915) (original description)
Flabelligera affinis M. Sars, 1829 (additional source)
Hekaterobranchus Buchanan, 1890 accepted as Streblospio Webster, 1879 (source of synonymy)
Hekaterobranchus shrubsolii Buchanan, 1890 accepted as Streblospio shrubsolii (Buchanan, 1890) (source of synonymy)
Heterocirrus Grube, 1855 accepted as Dodecaceria Örsted, 1843 (additional source)
Laphania boecki hystricis McIntosh, 1915 accepted as Laphania boecki Malmgren, 1866 (original description)
Leiochone johnstoni McIntosh, 1915 (original description)
Leucodore ciliatus minuta Grube, 1855 accepted as Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838) (source of synonymy)
Myriochele australis (Grube, 1866) (basis of record)
Nereis aries Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Scolelepis vulgaris (Johnston, 1827) (source of synonymy)
Nereis sextentaculata Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Dodecaceria concharum Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Nerine cirratulus (Delle Chiaje, 1831) accepted as Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) represented as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (source of synonymy)
Ops Carrington, 1865 accepted as Owenia Delle Chiaje, 1844 (source of synonymy)
Ops digitata Carrington, 1865 accepted as Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 (source of synonymy)
Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje, 1844 (additional source)
Pasithoe bilineata McIntosh, 1915 (basis of record)
Pasithoe canaria McIntosh, 1915 (basis of record)
Polydora carazzi McIntosh, 1909 accepted as Polydora caulleryi Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Polydora caulleryi Mesnil, 1897 accepted as Dipolydora caulleryi (Mesnil, 1897) (basis of record)
Polydora ciliata (Johnston, 1838) (additional source)
Praxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (additional source)
Praxillella praetermissa capensis McIntosh, 1905 accepted as Praxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (source of synonymy)
Proclymene muelleri (Sars, 1856) (additional source)
Psammocollus Grube, 1866 accepted as Myriochele Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Psammocollus australis Grube, 1866 accepted as Myriochele australis (Grube, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Scolelepis foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) represented as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (additional source)
Scolelepis vulgaris (Johnston, 1827) (basis of record)
Siphonostoma gelatinosa Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Flabelligera affinis M. Sars, 1829 (source of synonymy)
Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (additional source)
Spio gattyi McIntosh, 1909 accepted as Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Spio seticornis (Linnaeus, 1767) (source of synonymy)
Spio viridis Johnston, 1828 accepted as Scolelepis foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) represented as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) foliosa (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (source of synonymy)
Stylarioides flabellata (Sars in Sars, 1872) accepted as Therochaeta flabellata (Sars in Sars, 1872) (basis of record)
Terebella meleseti Johnston, 1865 (additional source)
Terebella ostreae Dalyell, 1853 accepted as Dodecaceria concharum Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Tubifex marinus Vaillant, 1890 (basis of record)
 Depth range

8 fathoms (about 15 m). [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal. [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by McIntosh (1915: 176): "Snout with a bluntly bifid median rostrum and a bulging process of the ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: Shetland Islands (northern North Sea). [details]

 Etymology

"Named in honour of M. Charles Gravier, of Paris, who has done so much excellent work in the group" (McIntosh, ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name is in honour of Prof. Mesnil" (McIntosh, 1915: 176, footnote). [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The name of the genus is composed by the prefix eu-, meaning 'true' or 'genuine', followed by the name ... [details]

 Habitat

"Found in a tunnel, probably of Docecaceria or other boring annelid in the spreading form of Lithothamnion between ... [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. [details]

 Homonymy

Unreplaced secondary homonym to Spio mesnili Augener,1914 [details]

 Nomenclature

nomen nudum. McIntosh (1915:133) in text (not in a synonymy) mention in Spionidae introduction of a Montagu MS name ... [details]

 Nomenclature

nomen nudum. McIntosh (1915:133) in text (not in a synonymy) mention in Spionidae introduction of a Montagu MS name ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Not Terebellidae but Cirratulidae. Not indexed in Hartman catalogue, not seen mentioned in text, but was catalogued ... [details]

 Publication date

McIntosh claims 1911 for the date of publication of the genus, and this is the date in Hartman Catalogue. Although ... [details]

 Reproduction

"The single example is a female, with numerous and apparently nearly ripe eggs which do not appear to have the ... [details]

 Reproduction

"The specimen [collected the July 1871] is a female with small ova" (McIntosh, 1915: 179). [details]

 Spelling

May be seen in print as 'mülleri' which becomes 'muelleri'. Also possibly 'mulleri' which is a misspelling. [details]

 Synonymy

Ammochares was for a time included in the Maldanidae following Grube (1851) but placed as type genus of ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Identity uncertain? Invalid as a homonym but the taxon was questionably referred to be a synonym of Spio filicornis ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Rafinesque had a family Brancephia for annelids with branchiae on the head or anterior body, which contained ... [details]

 Type locality

Bressay Sound, Shetland Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, northern North Sea, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate ... [details]

 Type locality

St. Peter Port, Guernsey, English Channel, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate 49.455°, -02.535°). [details]