WoRMS source details

Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878.
49605
Day, J.H.
1967
A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa
British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). There are separate entries for vol 1 and for vol 2. Linking taxa to these entries is recommended
PREFACE The polychaete fauna of southern Africa is very rich and varied. Over 800 species have already been recorded and there is no doubt that many more await discovery. Unfortunately the records and descriptions of the known species are scattered through more than 50 papers. There is thus an urgent need for a monograph not only as an aid for further taxonomic work but also for the rapid identification of common species for ecological and physiological studies. This monograph covers "southern Africa", here defined as the subcontinent south of the twentieth parallel and extending from the northern parts of South West Africa around the Cape of Good Hope to the port of Beira in Mocambique. For good measure the faunae of .Angola and Madagascar are included too but as these regions are poorly explored it is unlikely that the treatment given here is adequate. The coverage of planktonic species is good for most of the species known from the world oceans have been found in samples as widely distributed as Angola, the southern tip of the Agulhas Bank and Nosy Be in northern Madagascar. The depth range of benthonic species includes shore forms from coasts and estuaries to dredged forms from the edge of the continental shelf In general this is about 200 metres but there are also a few scattered records from greater depths, some exceeding 3000 metres. Undoubtedly many more species remain to be described from these deeper levels of the continental slope. The main purpose of this monograph is to provide an adequate description of all the species of polychaetes known from this area with keys for rapid identification. […]
South Africa
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Acholoe orbiculata Treadwell, 1921 accepted as Acholoe squamosa (Delle Chiaje, 1827) (source of synonymy)
Acholoe squamosa (Delle Chiaje, 1827) (additional source)
Alentia australis (Monro, 1936) (basis of record)
Ampharete agulhasensis (Day, 1961) (basis of record)
Ampharete capensis (Day, 1961) (basis of record)
Arabella iricolor caerulea (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Aracoda capensis Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Arabella iricolor caerulea (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Aricia ligustica Orlandi, 1896 accepted as Phylo foetida ligustica (Orlandi, 1896) (source of synonymy)
Artacama proboscidea Malmgren, 1866 (additional source)
Branchoscolex craspidochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (additional source)
Branchoscolex oligobranchus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (additional source)
Branchoscolex sphaerochaetus Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (additional source)
Chaetopterus capensis Stimpson, 1856 (source of synonymy)
Chaetopterus variopedatus (Renier, 1804) (additional source)
Chloeia flava (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Chloeia gilchristi McIntosh, 1925 accepted as Chloeia inermis Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Chloeia inermis Quatrefages, 1866 (additional source)
Chloeia natalensis Day, 1951 accepted as Chloeia flava (Pallas, 1766) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus afer Ehlers, 1908 accepted as Cirriformia afer (Ehlers, 1908) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus atrocollaris Grube, 1877 accepted as Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus australis Blanchard in Gay, 1849 accepted as Cirriformia filigera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus australis Stimpson, 1856 accepted as Cirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus australis Quatrefages, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Cirratulus capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Cirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Cirriformia afer (Ehlers, 1908) (basis of record)
Cirriformia capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808) (additional source)
Cirrosyllis picta Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Amblyosyllis lineolata (A. Costa, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Clymenura tenuis (Day, 1957) accepted as Leiochone tenuis Day, 1957 (additional source)
Dasybranchus bipartitus (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Diopatra cuprea punctifera Ehlers, 1908 (basis of record)
Diopatra punctifera Ehlers, 1908 accepted as Diopatra cuprea punctifera Ehlers, 1908 (source of synonymy)
Dispio magna (Day, 1955) (basis of record)
Dorvillea gardineri (Crossland, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Epidiopatra papillosa Day, 1967 accepted as Diopatra papillosa (Day, 1967) (original description)
Euchone letterstedti (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Chone letterstedti (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Eulalia capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Steggoa capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Eunice capensis Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Marphysa capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Eunoe agnae McIntosh, 1924 accepted as Polyeunoa laevis McIntosh, 1885 (source of synonymy)
Eunoe capensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Hemilepidia erythrotaenia Schmarda, 1861 (source of synonymy)
Eunoe hubrecthi (McIntosh, 1900) (basis of record)
Eunoe nodulosa Day, 1967 (original description)
Euphrosine capensis Kinberg, 1857 (additional source)
Euphrosine polybranchia Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Euphrosine capensis Kinberg, 1857 (source of synonymy)
Eurato sanctijosephi Gravier, 1908 (source of synonymy)
Eurato sanctijosephi Gravier, 1906 accepted as Sabellastarte sanctijosephi (Gravier, 1906) (source of synonymy)
Eurythoe assimilis McIntosh, 1925 accepted as Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (source of synonymy)
Eurythoe capensis Kinberg, 1857 accepted as Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (source of synonymy)
Eurythoe complanata (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Euthalenessa oculata (Peters, 1854) (additional source)
Evarne hubrechti McIntosh, 1900 accepted as Eunoe hubrecthi (McIntosh, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Fauveliella pulchra Tebble, 1953 accepted as Pisionidens indica (Aiyar & Alikunhi, 1940) (source of synonymy)
Flabelligera affinis M. Sars, 1829 (additional source)
Flabelligera marenzelleri McIntosh, 1905 accepted as Flabelligera affinis M. Sars, 1829 (source of synonymy)
Glycera africana Arwidsson, 1899 (source of synonymy)
Glycera benguellana Augener, 1931 (basis of record)
Glycera capitata benguellana Augener, 1931 accepted as Glycera benguellana Augener, 1931 (source of synonymy)
Glycera convoluta Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Glycera tridactyla Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Glycera convoluta capensis Monro, 1933 accepted as Glycera prashadi Fauvel, 1932 (source of synonymy)
Glycera kraussii Stimpson, 1856 accepted as Glycera unicornis Lamarck, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Glycera prashadi Fauvel, 1932 (additional source)
Glycera unicornis Lamarck, 1818 (additional source)
Glyphanostomum abyssale Day, 1967 (original description)
Haliplanes magna Southern, 1909 accepted as Maupasia gracilis (Reibisch, 1893) (source of synonymy)
Halosydna (Hyperhalosydna) alleni Day, 1934 accepted as Hyperhalosydna alleni (Day, 1934) (basis of record)
Harmothoe (Harmothoe) goreensis (Augener, 1918) accepted as Harmothoe goreensis Augener, 1918 (source of synonymy)
Harmothoe aequiseta africana Augener, 1918 accepted as Harmothoe africana Augener, 1918 (source of synonymy)
Hemilepidia erythrotaenia Schmarda, 1861 (basis of record)
Hololepida australis Monro, 1936 accepted as Alentia australis (Monro, 1936) (new combination reference)
Hyboscolex longiseta Schmarda, 1861 (additional source)
Irma angustifrons Grube, 1878 accepted as Oxydromus angustifrons (Grube, 1878) (source of synonymy)
Jasmineira analis Ehlers, 1908 (basis of record)
Lagis neapolitana (Claparède, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Leiochone tenuis Day, 1957 (source of synonymy)
Leonnates persica Wesenberg-Lund, 1949 accepted as Leonnates persicus Wesenberg-Lund, 1949 (additional source)
Lepidonotus australis (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Lepidonotus natalensis Day, 1951 (status source)
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus (Gravier, 1902) (additional source)
Lipobranchius capensis Willey, 1904 accepted as Hyboscolex longiseta Schmarda, 1861 (source of synonymy)
Lumbriconereis pettigrewi McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Lumbrineris magalhaensis Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Lumbricus cirratulus Delle Chiaje, 1831 accepted as Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806) represented as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (additional source)
Lumbricus squamatus Müller, 1806 accepted as Scolelepis (Scolelepis) squamata (O.F. Muller, 1806) (source of synonymy)
Lumbrineris magalhaensis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Lycidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Lysidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Lygdamis muratus gilchristi (McIntosh, 1924) accepted as Lygdamis gilchristi (McIntosh, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Lysidice atra Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Lysidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Lysidice capensis Grube, 1868 accepted as Lysidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Lysidice natalensis Kinberg, 1865 (basis of record)
Lysilla ubianensis Caullery, 1944 accepted as Lysilla pacifica Hessle, 1917 (additional source)
Lysippe agulhasensis Day, 1961 accepted as Ampharete agulhasensis (Day, 1961) (source of synonymy)
Lysippe capensis Day, 1961 accepted as Ampharete capensis (Day, 1961) (source of synonymy)
Macrophyllum leucopterum Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Notophyllum splendens (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Marphysa capensis (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Marphysa durbanensis Day, 1934 accepted as Marphysa mcintoshi Crossland, 1903 represented as Marphysa macintoshi Crossland, 1903 (source of synonymy)
Marphysa macintoshi Crossland, 1903 (additional source)
Marphysa mcintoshi Crossland, 1903 represented as Marphysa macintoshi Crossland, 1903 (basis of record)
Marphysa simplex (Langerhans, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Marphysa simplex Crossland, 1903 accepted as Marphysa teretiuscula (Schmarda, 1861) (source of synonymy)
Marphysa simplex Treadwell, 1922 accepted as Marphysa mossambica (Peters, 1854) (source of synonymy)
Mastigonereis latipalpa Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nereis operta Stimpson, 1856 represented as Nereis (Neanthes) operta (Stimpson, 1856) (source of synonymy)
















































 Depth range

Intertidal to 16-23 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to shallow water.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal.  [details]

 Distribution

Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea); Mozambique (Indian Ocean).  [details]

 Distribution

Pacific Ocean: from Japan to New South Wales, along the east coast of Australia, including Philippines and Solomon ... [details]

 Distribution

South Africa (Cape Province; KwaZuku-Natal Province). [details]

 Distribution

South Africa: Western Cape (St. James, False Bay; Cape Agulhas); KwaZulu-Natal (Durban Bay).  [details]

 Distribution

Southeast Atlantic Ocean: South Africa (Lambert's Bay and Cape).  [details]

 Distribution

Southeast Atlantic Ocean: South Africa (Langebaan Lagoon). Known from a single specimen collected at the type locality.  [details]

 Distribution

The coordinates of the record from near the mouth of Orange River are as provided in Day (1967). They were provided ... [details]

 Editor's comment

Combination (from Paraonis lyra var. capensis Day, 1955) that has appeared in ecological literature, probably ... [details]

 Editor's comment

The records of the species in the European waters seem quite doubtful. Probably they are the result of the use of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet pulchella is the feminine of the Latin adjective pulchellus, meaning 'pretty', and refers ... [details]

 Habitat

From algae in tidal pools.  [details]

 Habitat

Intertidal. Type of sediment not stated in original description.  [details]

 Habitat

Intertidal. Type of sediment not stated in original description.  [details]

 Synonymy

Hartman catalogue (1959:137) suggested this species was the same as Pherecardia striata, and this was the synonymy ... [details]

 Type designation

According to article 68.2.1 of the ICZN (1999), "The expressions "gen. n., sp. n.", "new genus and species", or an ... [details]

 Type material

Day (1951) refers the collection of 2 specimens of Syllis nigropharyngea from Tongaat Beach, and one from Reunion ... [details]

 Type material

Day (1953; 1967) clearly stated that the type specimen was from St. James (Day, 1953: 422), and the type locality "St. ... [details]

 Type species

Type species Terebella zostericola Örsted, 1844, by subsequent designation in Hartman (1959: 512). Day (1967: 735) ... [details]