WoRMS taxon details

Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840

131435  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131435)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, E. (1840). Actinien, Echinodermen und Würmer des Adriatischen- und Mittelmeers, nach eigenen Sammlungen beschrieben von Adolph Eduard Grube. Koenigsberg. 92 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40483#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 77-78 [details]   
Note Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea.

The...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea.

The type locality of Syllis gracilis is many times considered as being the Adriatic Sea. However Grube (1840: 2) says that unless stated, all the material of his 1840 work comes from the Gulf of Naples: "Endlich habe ich es nicht für überflüssig erachtet, von jeder Species den genauern Fundort mitzutheilen: ist er nicht ausdrücklich genannt, so erhielt ich sie aus dem Golf von Neapel" ('Finally I have not considered necessary to give for each species a more exact location: if it is not specifically mentioned, I have found it in the Gulf of Naples' [translation by the Editor]). [details]
Type material One possible syntype deposited at the MPW (No. 395). The label is incomplete, with the fragment with the place of collecting missing (Wiktor, 1980). However, it was identified by A.E. Grube.  [details]
Depth range Intertidal to 300 m.  
Depth range Intertidal to 300 m. [details]

Distribution Normally considered to be cosmopolitan in tropical and temperate seas, it is quite probably a complex of species.   
Distribution Normally considered to be cosmopolitan in tropical and temperate seas, it is quite probably a complex of species.  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet gracilis is a Latin word meaning 'slender' or 'slim', and refers to the body shape of the species.   
Etymology The specific epithet gracilis is a Latin word meaning 'slender' or 'slim', and refers to the body shape of the species.  [details]

Distribution Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958).  
Distribution Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Distribution Eastern Arctic to Florida; British Isles; France; southern California to Panama  
Distribution Eastern Arctic to Florida; British Isles; France; southern California to Panama [details]

Taxonomy Family: Syllinae, according to Trott (2004).  
Taxonomy Family: Syllinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Syllis gracilis Grube, 1840. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131435 on 2018-06-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-03-29 10:21:37Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

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original description Grube, E. (1840). Actinien, Echinodermen und Würmer des Adriatischen- und Mittelmeers, nach eigenen Sammlungen beschrieben von Adolph Eduard Grube. Koenigsberg. 92 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40483#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 77-78 [details]   

original description  (ofSyllis brachycirris Grube, 1857) Grube, Adolph Eduard. (1857). Annulata Örstediana. Enumeratio Annulatorum, quae in itinere per Indiam occidentalem et Americam centralem annis 1845-1848 suscepto legit cl. A. S. Örsted, adjectis speciebus nonnullis a cl. H. Kröyero in itinere ad Americam meridionalem collectis. (Fortsaettelse). [Part 2]. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn. 1857: 158-186., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35800010 [details]   

original description  (ofSyllis mixtosetosa Bobretzky, 1870) Bobretzky, N. (1870). [Materials to the fauna of the Black Sea (Annelida Polychaeta)]. [Original] Матерiалы для фауны чернаго моря Аннелиды (Annelida, Polychaeta) / Materialy dlya fauny Chernogo morya (Annelida, Polychaeta). Zapiski Kievskago obshchestva estestvoispytateleĭ [Mémoires de la Société des Naturalistes de Kiew]. 1: 188-274, plates 9-12. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSyllis navicellidens Czerniavsky, 1881) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1881). Material ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 55(4): 211-363., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34420732 [details]   

original description  (ofSyllis quadridentata Czerniavsky, 1881) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1881). Material ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 55(4): 211-363., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34420732 [details]   

original description  (ofSyllis buchholziana Grube, 1877) Grube, A. E. (1877). Anneliden - Ausbeute S.M.S. Gazelle. Monatsbericht der Koniglich Preussischer Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. 509-554., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35723826
page(s): 526-527 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSyllis vancaurica Grube, 1868) Grube, A.E. 1868. Reise der Oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858 and 1859. Novara-Expedition, 2(3): 1-48., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43116#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofSyllis nigrovittata Czerniavsky, 1881) Czerniavsky, Voldemaro. (1881). Material ad zoographiam Ponticam comparatam. Fasc. III Vermes. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des naturalistes de Moscou (= Byulletin' Moskovskogo obshchestva ispytatelei prirody). 55(4): 211-363., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34420732 [details]   

original description  (ofSyllis (Syllis) longissima Gravier, 1900) Gravier, Charles. (1900). Contribution à l'étude des annélides polychètes de la Mer Rouge. Première partie. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. (Series 4) 2: 137-282, plates 9-14., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36872698 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSyllis palifica Ehlers, 1901) Ehlers, E. (1901). Die Polychaeten des magellanischen und chilenischen Strandes. Ein faunistischer Versuch. Festschrift zur Feier des Hundertfünfzigjährigen Bestehens des Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Klasse. 1-232, 25 plates., available online at http://www.annelida.net/docs/Ehlers1901_PolychaetenMagellanischenChilenischenStrandes.pdf [details]   

basis of record Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Çinar, M. E.; Gambi, M. C. (2005). Cognetti’s syllid collection (Polychaeta: Syllidae) deposited at the Museum of the Stazione Zoologica ‘‘Anton Dohrn’’ (Naples, Italy), with descriptions of two new species of Autolytus. Journal of Natural History. 39(10): 725-762. [details]   

additional source Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336
page(s): 289-291, fig. 10A [details]   

additional source Maltagliati F., Peru A.P., Casu M., Roffi F., Lardicci C., Curini-Galletti M., Castelli A. (2000). Is Syllis gracilis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) a species complex? An allozyme perspective. Mar. Biol., 136(5): 871-897 [details]   

additional source Augener, H. 1927. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914-16. 38. Polychaeten von Südost- und Süd-Australien. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn, 83: 71-275. [details]   

additional source Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Langerhans, Paul. (1879). Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 32(4): 513-592, plates XXXI-XXXIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45240780#page/581/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. 2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2. 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Imajima, Minoru. (2003). Polychaetous Annelids from Sagami Bay and Sagami Sea collected by the Emperor Showa of Japan and deposited at the Showa Memorial Institute, National Science Museum, Tokyo (II), Orders included within the Phyllodocida, Amphinomida, Spintherida and Enicida. National Science Museum Monographs. 23: 1-221., available online at http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110004708004/en [details]   

redescription San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554.
page(s): 413-414, figs. 226-227 [details]   

basis of record  (ofSyllis longissima Gravier, 1900) Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis longissima Gravier, 1900) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

additional source  (ofSyllis longissima Gravier, 1900) Fauvel, P. (1917). Annélides Polychètes de L'Australie meridionale. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 56: 159-277, plates IV-VIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29998#page/319/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis (Syllis) gracilis Grube, 1840) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

additional source  (ofSyllis (Syllis) gracilis Grube, 1840) Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis brachycirris Grube, 1857) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis brachycirris Grube, 1857) Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis mixtosetosa Bobretzky, 1870) Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis navicellidens Czerniavsky, 1881) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis mixtosetosa Bobretzky, 1870) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis palifica Ehlers, 1901) Augener, H. 1927. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914-16. 38. Polychaeten von Südost- und Süd-Australien. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening i Köbenhavn, 83: 71-275. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis quadridentata Czerniavsky, 1881) Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis buchholziana Grube, 1877) Augener, H. (1918). Polychaeta. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas. 2(2): 67-625, plates II-VII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7172671#page/79/mode/1up
page(s): 258 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis navicellidens Czerniavsky, 1881) Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis nigro-vittata Czerniavsky, 1881) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis quadridentata Czerniavsky, 1881) Licher, Frank 2000 (1999), Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 551:1-336 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis vancaurica Grube, 1868) Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

additional source  (ofSyllis (Syllis) longissima Gravier, 1900) Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis nigrovittata Czerniavsky, 1881) Fauvel, Pierre. (1914). Annélides polychètes non-pélagiques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice (1885-1910). Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 46: 1-432, 31 plates., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2117722 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofSyllis (Syllis) longissima Gravier, 1900) Fauvel, P. (1917). Annélides Polychètes de L'Australie meridionale. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. 56: 159-277, plates IV-VIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29998#page/319/mode/1up [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Huang ZG., Yan SK. &Zheng DQ. (1992). Biofouling communities on pier pilings in Mirs Bay. In: Morton B, editor. Proceedings of the Fourth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China. The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China III. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 2: pp 529-543. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Syntype MPW No. 395, locality Mediterranean Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range Intertidal to 300 m. [details]

Distribution Normally considered to be cosmopolitan in tropical and temperate seas, it is quite probably a complex of species.  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet gracilis is a Latin word meaning 'slender' or 'slim', and refers to the body shape of the species.  [details]

Habitat Common on all kinds of hard substrate environments, specially amongst algae, sponges, and calcareous concretions of animal and vegetal origin.  [details]

Type locality Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea.

The type locality of Syllis gracilis is many times considered as being the Adriatic Sea. However Grube (1840: 2) says that unless stated, all the material of his 1840 work comes from the Gulf of Naples: "Endlich habe ich es nicht für überflüssig erachtet, von jeder Species den genauern Fundort mitzutheilen: ist er nicht ausdrücklich genannt, so erhielt ich sie aus dem Golf von Neapel" ('Finally I have not considered necessary to give for each species a more exact location: if it is not specifically mentioned, I have found it in the Gulf of Naples' [translation by the Editor]). [details]

Type material One possible syntype deposited at the MPW (No. 395). The label is incomplete, with the fragment with the place of collecting missing (Wiktor, 1980). However, it was identified by A.E. Grube.  [details]

From other sources
Bioclimatic category temperate-warm [details]

Distribution Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Distribution Eastern Arctic to Florida; British Isles; France; southern California to Panama [details]

Habitat infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Taxonomy Family: Syllinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]