WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe squamosa (Delle Chiaje, 1827)

146474  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:146474)

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841) (recombination of unnecessary replacement name)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827 (superseded original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe astericola Delle Chiaje, 1841 (unnecessary replacement name in Polynoe)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe malleata Grube, 1855 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe astericola Delle Chiaje, 1841) Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1841 & 1844. [POLYCHAETA context] Descrizione e Notomia degli Animali Invertebrati della Sicilia Citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. [Tome 1, 98 pp.; Tome 2, 146 pp; Tome 3, 142 pp [Molluschi Acefali, Bracciopedi, Cirropedi, Crostacei, Anellosi]; Tome 4, 142 pp.; Tome 5, 165 pp. [1841, incl. Annelosi Afroditici]; Tome 6-7, pl. 1-173 [1841], pl. 174-181 [1844]; Tome 8 (Appendici, osservazioni critiche, indice generale), 48 pp. [1844] Napoli, Stabilimento Tipografico di C. Batelli e Co., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827) Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1825 [-1827]. [POLYCHAETA context. Vol.2] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli: Volume 2. 185-444. Stamperia delle Societa Tipografica, Napoli., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40280#7
page(s): 400 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean Sea  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Gulf of Naples [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Mediterranean Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature In an alternative view Pettibone (1996)...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature In an alternative view Pettibone (1996) followed by (Barnich & Fiege (2003) have Nereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827 as junior to Polynoe astericola Delle Chiaje, 1841, with Acholoe astericola as the valid name combination. This appears to be because Delle Chiaje used Polynoe astericola [new name], probably so as "not to be confused with Savigny's name of squamosa" (Pettibone, 1996:635) when both were in Polynoe (secondary homonymy). However there is no such name as Polynoe squamosa as Savigny (in Lamarck) spelled the name Polynoe squamata. Delle Chiaje's (1841) use of Polynoe 'squamosa' Savigny (he has 'squamata' alongside) is a misspelling, and there was no secondary homonymy. Nereis squamosa appears to be an available name, and Acholoe squamosa is the valid name combination as used by Chambers & Muir (1997). Pettibone (1996) cites McIntosh (1900:399) in support of usage of Acholoe astericola, but he only said "It has been thought best to retain the specific name astericola subsequently given to it by the Italian author, the original one of squamosa being less characteristic." [details]
Read, G.; Wilson, R.; Fauchald, K. (2017). Acholoe squamosa (Delle Chiaje, 1827). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=146474 on 2017-12-11

Date
action
by
2005-01-25 08:49:32Z
created
2007-01-22 09:31:04Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-03-08 22:53:19Z
changed
2017-03-16 00:02:53Z
changed
2017-03-16 08:32:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe astericola Delle Chiaje, 1841) Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1841 & 1844. [POLYCHAETA context] Descrizione e Notomia degli Animali Invertebrati della Sicilia Citeriore osservati vivi negli anni 1822-1830. [Tome 1, 98 pp.; Tome 2, 146 pp; Tome 3, 142 pp [Molluschi Acefali, Bracciopedi, Cirropedi, Crostacei, Anellosi]; Tome 4, 142 pp.; Tome 5, 165 pp. [1841, incl. Annelosi Afroditici]; Tome 6-7, pl. 1-173 [1841], pl. 174-181 [1844]; Tome 8 (Appendici, osservazioni critiche, indice generale), 48 pp. [1844] Napoli, Stabilimento Tipografico di C. Batelli e Co., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10031 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe malleata Grube, 1855) Grube, A.E. 1855. Beschreibungen neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 21(1): 81-136, pls 3-5., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6651101#page/89/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827) Delle Chiaje, Stefano 1825 [-1827]. [POLYCHAETA context. Vol.2] Memorie sulla storia e notomia degli animali senza vertebre del Regno di Napoli: Volume 2. 185-444. Stamperia delle Societa Tipografica, Napoli., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40280#7
page(s): 400 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe orbiculata Treadwell, 1921) Treadwell, Aaron L. 1921. Polychaetous annelids collected at St. Paul de Laonda by the American Museum Belgium Congo Expedition. American Museum Novitates, 8: 1-3. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe asterinae Carrington, 1865) Carrington, B. 1865. On the chaetopod annelids of the Southport sands. Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of, Manchester, 1865: 176-188. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Barnich, R.; Fiege, D. 2003. The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 559: 167pp., available online at http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510613533/The-Aphroditoidea-Annelida-Polychaeta-of-the-Mediterranean-Sea
page(s): 78 [details]   

additional source Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hartman, Olga 1965. Supplement and index to the catalogue of the polychaetous annelids of the World, including additions and emendations since 1959. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation, 23: 1-197., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/19573 [details]   

additional source Pettibone, Marian H. (1996). Revision of the scaleworm genera Acholoe Claparède, Arctonoella Buzhinskaja, and Intoshella Darboux (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) with the erection of the new subfamily Acholoinae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(4): 629-644., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34645240
page(s): 635-637 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827) Hartman, Olga 1965. Supplement and index to the catalogue of the polychaetous annelids of the World, including additions and emendations since 1959. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation, 23: 1-197., available online at http://digitallibrary.usc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15799coll82/id/19573 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe malleata Grube, 1855) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe malleata Grube, 1855) McIntosh, W.C. 1900. A monograph of British Annelids. vol.1. pt.2. Polychaeta Amphinomidae to Sigalionidae. Ray Society of London, 1(l2): 215-442., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/118768#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 397 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe malleata Grube, 1855) Pettibone, Marian H. (1996). Revision of the scaleworm genera Acholoe Claparède, Arctonoella Buzhinskaja, and Intoshella Darboux (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) with the erection of the new subfamily Acholoinae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(4): 629-644., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34645240
page(s): 635-637; note: re-examined type material and confirmed synonymy with Acholoe squamosa (Delle Chiaje, 1827) [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe orbiculata Treadwell, 1921) Day, J.H. (1967). A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. British Museum (Natural History). London. vol 1 & vol 2, 1-878., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841)) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841)) Chambers, S.J.; Muir, A.I. (1997). Polychaetes: British Chrysopetaloidea, Pisionoidea and Aphroditoidea. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series). 54: 1-202. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 76; note: revert to Acholoe squamosa as the valid name [details]   

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841)) Barnich, R.; Fiege, D. 2003. The Aphroditoidea (Annelida: Polychaeta) of the Mediterranean Sea. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. 559: 167pp., available online at http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510613533/The-Aphroditoidea-Annelida-Polychaeta-of-the-Mediterranean-Sea
page(s): 78-80 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841)) Clark, R.B. 1952. New Records of sub-littoral polychaetes from the Clyde Sea area, with a description of a new species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Ser. Section B, Biology, 65(1): 1-26. [details]   

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcholoe astericola (Delle Chiaje, 1841)) Pettibone, Marian H. (1996). Revision of the scaleworm genera Acholoe Claparède, Arctonoella Buzhinskaja, and Intoshella Darboux (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) with the erection of the new subfamily Acholoinae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(4): 629-644., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34645240
page(s): 635-637 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolynoe asterinae Carrington, 1865) Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827) Pettibone, Marian H. (1996). Revision of the scaleworm genera Acholoe Claparède, Arctonoella Buzhinskaja, and Intoshella Darboux (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) with the erection of the new subfamily Acholoinae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 109(4): 629-644., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34645240
page(s): 635; note: overview of history of name [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype [from synonym] ZMB 1149-1151, locality Adriatic Sea (Trieste, Lesia, Porto Re) [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature In an alternative view Pettibone (1996) followed by (Barnich & Fiege (2003) have Nereis squamosa Delle Chiaje, 1827 as junior to Polynoe astericola Delle Chiaje, 1841, with Acholoe astericola as the valid name combination. This appears to be because Delle Chiaje used Polynoe astericola [new name], probably so as "not to be confused with Savigny's name of squamosa" (Pettibone, 1996:635) when both were in Polynoe (secondary homonymy). However there is no such name as Polynoe squamosa as Savigny (in Lamarck) spelled the name Polynoe squamata. Delle Chiaje's (1841) use of Polynoe 'squamosa' Savigny (he has 'squamata' alongside) is a misspelling, and there was no secondary homonymy. Nereis squamosa appears to be an available name, and Acholoe squamosa is the valid name combination as used by Chambers & Muir (1997). Pettibone (1996) cites McIntosh (1900:399) in support of usage of Acholoe astericola, but he only said "It has been thought best to retain the specific name astericola subsequently given to it by the Italian author, the original one of squamosa being less characteristic." [details]
 

Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]