WoRMS taxon details

Echinophyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

207370  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207370)

accepted
Species
Echinophyllia aspera var. undulata Chevalier, 1975 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Echinophyllia subglabra Nemenzo, 1979 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Echinopora aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Echinopora magna Gardiner, 1904 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Explanaria aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1768) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786 · unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Mycedium aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Oxypora aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1768) · unaccepted > superseded combination
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41943909 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  (of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786)...  
Holotype (of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786) GLAHM 104004, verbatimGeounit "Habitat in Oceano I... [details]
Holotype (of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786) USNM 285, geounit Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Type locality contained in East Indian Ocean  
type locality contained in East Indian Ocean [details]
Note "Eastern Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "Eastern Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Corals are encrusting to foliaceous, sometimes 60 cm across. The range of form is large. Corallites are most commonly...  
Description Corals are encrusting to foliaceous, sometimes 60 cm across. The range of form is large. Corallites are most commonly fairly flush with the surface, but some colonies show protuberant corallites or may have extremely exsert and swollen primary septa. Others have protruding corallites and may intergrade with Echinophyllia orpheensis. Calices mostly face upwards, perpendicular to the plane of the leaf. The septo-costae are usually spiny, and the costae on the undersurface of leaves are smooth or ridged, but do not bear spines. Like most pectiniids this species occurs in mid to deep water. In that region it is fairly abundant on sheltered reefs. Unlike most foliaceous corals, however, it is also found in shallow water, sometimes forming large colonies near the reef crest. Colonies may reach 50 cm across, and although foliaceous, they always hug the surface closely. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are partly encrusting laminae. Central parts may be hillocky and submassive, peripheral parts may be contorted or form whorls and tiers. Corallites have toothed rather than beaded costae and no paliform lobes. Colour: brown, green and red are most common, usually with red or green oral discs, often mottled. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, especially lower reef slopes, lagoons and fringing reefs. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Forms encrusting plates. Colour: may be brown, green or red, and are often mottled. Polyps are usually a different colour from the colony, with bright red or green mouths (oral discs). Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Echinophyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207370 on 2022-08-11
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-02 17:11:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41943909 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Echinophyllia subglabra Nemenzo, 1979) Nemenzo F (1979) Astrocoeniid and faviid reef corals from Central Philippines. Kalikasan: The Philippine Journal of Biology 8: 37-50. [details]   

original description  (of Echinopora magna Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner JS. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Echinophyllia aspera var. undulata Chevalier, 1975) Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Lam K., Shin PKS., Bradbeer R., Ku KKK., Hodgson P. & Cheung SG. (2006). Baseline data of subtropical coral communities in Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park, Hong Kong, obtained by an underwater remote operated vehicle (ROV). Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: pp 97-116. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 36 [details]   

additional source Randall, R.H., 2003. An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. Micronesica 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 134 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

additional source Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24.
page(s): 76, 119 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Stolarski J, Cairns SD, Benzoni F, Stake JL, Miller DJ. (2012). The first modern solitary Agariciidae (Anthozoa, Scleractinia) revealed by molecular and microstructural analysis. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 26 (3): 303-315., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/is11053
page(s): 305, 307 [details]   

additional source Arrigoni R, Berumen ML, Chen CA, Terraneo TI, Baird AH, Payri C, Benzoni F. (2016). Species delimitation in the reef coral genera Echinophyllia and Oxypora (Scleractinia, Lobophylliidae) with a description of two new species. <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 105: 146-159., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.08.023 [details]   

additional source Huang D, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Stolarski J, Chou LM, Budd AF. (2016). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Lobophylliidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 178(3): 436-481., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12391 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 28, 88 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 209 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1965). A revised catalogue of scleractinian corals from the southwest coast of Shikoku in the collections of the Ehime University and the Ehime Prefectural Museum, Matsuyama. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 13(3): 243-261., available online at https://doi.org/10.5134/175404
page(s): 253 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 324-325 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Wells, J. W. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 260(I): 385-486
page(s): 394, 399, 467-468, Pl. 176 [details]   

additional source Reed, J. K. (1985). Deepest distribution of Atlantic hermatypic corals discovered in the Bahamas. Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, 6, 249-254
page(s): 253 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N.; Pichon, M. (1979). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia, part III: Families Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectiniidae, Caryophylliidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Government Publishing Service. Canberra., volume 4, pp. 422.
page(s): 7, 298-301, 302, 309, 316 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 63, 100, 111 [details]   

additional source Wallace, C. C.; Fellegara, I.; Muir, P. R.; Harrison, P. L. (2009). The scleractinian corals of Moreton Bay, eastern Australia: high latitude, marginal assemblages with increasing species richness. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 54, 2
page(s): 3, 9, 14, 23, 96, 97, 99 [details]   

new combination reference Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Holotype (of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786) GLAHM 104004, verbatimGeounit "Habitat in Oceano I... [details]
Holotype (of Madrepora aspera Ellis & Solander, 1786) USNM 285, geounit Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 39114, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 39819, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40264, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40265, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40273, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40276, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40279, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40284, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40285, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40308, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40326, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40396, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40398, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40451, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40595, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 40597, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 41029, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 45000, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 45126, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 45139, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 45140, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 45141, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 47803, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 47808, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 48241, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 48626, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 48636, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IGPS 57475, geounit Chinese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Oxyphyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) RMNH [details]
Nontype NMSR 8662, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8920, geounit Tanzanian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype USNM, geounit Marshall Islands Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 141-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 143-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 149-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 150-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 150-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 16-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 201-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 24-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 259-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 261-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 263-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 324-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 337-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 338-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 339-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 340-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 341-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 343-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 349-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 369-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 398-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 402-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 404-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 408-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 43-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 475-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 488-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 491-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 502-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 51-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 560-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 561-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 56-73, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 581-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 72-88, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 800-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 85-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 894-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Mycedium aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) IMC jun-23, geounit Myanmar Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Corals are encrusting to foliaceous, sometimes 60 cm across. The range of form is large. Corallites are most commonly fairly flush with the surface, but some colonies show protuberant corallites or may have extremely exsert and swollen primary septa. Others have protruding corallites and may intergrade with Echinophyllia orpheensis. Calices mostly face upwards, perpendicular to the plane of the leaf. The septo-costae are usually spiny, and the costae on the undersurface of leaves are smooth or ridged, but do not bear spines. Like most pectiniids this species occurs in mid to deep water. In that region it is fairly abundant on sheltered reefs. Unlike most foliaceous corals, however, it is also found in shallow water, sometimes forming large colonies near the reef crest. Colonies may reach 50 cm across, and although foliaceous, they always hug the surface closely. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are partly encrusting laminae. Central parts may be hillocky and submassive, peripheral parts may be contorted or form whorls and tiers. Corallites have toothed rather than beaded costae and no paliform lobes. Colour: brown, green and red are most common, usually with red or green oral discs, often mottled. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, especially lower reef slopes, lagoons and fringing reefs. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Forms encrusting plates. Colour: may be brown, green or red, and are often mottled. Polyps are usually a different colour from the colony, with bright red or green mouths (oral discs). Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "Eastern Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English flat lettuce coral  [details]
Japanese キッカサンゴ  [details]