WoRMS taxon details

Acropora squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)

207053  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207053)

accepted
Species
Acropora (Acropora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Acropora (Rhabdocyathus) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Acropora maryae Veron, 2000 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Heteropora squarrosa Ehrenberg, 1834 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Madrepora (Eumadrepora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) · unaccepted (previous combination)
Madrepora squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) · unaccepted (previous combination)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Heteropora squarrosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   
Description The coenosteum of this species is granular and smooth to the naked eye. There are no very large axial corallites. Branch...  
Description The coenosteum of this species is granular and smooth to the naked eye. There are no very large axial corallites. Branch tips and the ends of branchlets may support several immersed corallites with none being clearly the directive or true axial one. Branchlets are closely packed and blunt. The colony form is a semi-circular table, thick, sturdy plates or brackets often reaching 60 cm across, or are bush shaped. Branchlets in the centre of the colony are often quite different to those at the edge, the latter are "squared off" and lumpy, with a cropped appearance. Radial corallites are a mixture of appressed cylindrical or small, conical lumps. The species is common in sheltered water between 5 and 25 metres, and colours are generally pale brown or cream (Sheppard, 1998). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Acropora squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207053 on 2022-10-01
Date
action
by
1997-10-31 07:08:08Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-02-04 19:26:27Z
changed
2022-05-10 16:41:32Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Heteropora squarrosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Acropora maryae Veron, 2000) Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Sheppard, C.R.C. (1998). Corals of the Indian Ocean: a taxonomic and distribution database for coral reef ecologists [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 16 [details]   

additional source Wallace CC. (1999). Staghorn corals of the world: a revision of the coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia; Astrocoeniina; Acroporidae) worldwide, with emphasis on morphology, phylogeny and biogeography. CSIRO, Collingwood (Australia). pp i-xvii, 1-421.  [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2002). New species described in Corals of the World. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 11: 1-209.
page(s): 61, 62 [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1967). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians. VI Suborder Astrocoeniina (Montipora and Acropora). (Part I - Text; Part II - Plates). <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 20: 1-141, 143-223.
page(s): 4, 50, 69-70, 184, Pl. XXI [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Wallace CC, Done BJ, Muir PR (2012) Revision and catalogue of worldwide staghorn corals Acropora and Isopora (Scleractinia: Acroporidae) in the Museum of Tropical Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum – Nature 57: 1-255. [details]   

additional source Scheer G (1967). Korallen von den Sarso-Inseln im Roten Meer. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 421-436. [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1902). Notes on corals of the genus Acropora (Madrepora Lam.) with new descriptions and figures of types, and of several new species. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 207-266, pls. 36, 36A-F.
page(s): 219 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 200 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1965). A revised catalogue of scleractinian corals from the southwest coast of Shikoku in the collections of the Ehime University and the Ehime Prefectural Museum, Matsuyama. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 13(3): 243-261., available online at https://doi.org/10.5134/175404
page(s): 246 [details]   

additional source Randall RH, Myers RF. (1983). The corals. Guide to the Coastal Resources of Guam: Vol. 2. <em>University of Guam Press, Guam, pp. 128.</em>  [details]   

additional source Wallace CC. (1978). The coral genus Acropora (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina: Acroporidae) in the central and southern Great Barrier Reef Province. <em>Memoirs of the Queensland Museum.</em> 18(2): 273-319, pls. 43-103. [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume I: Family Acroporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 1, pp. 463.
page(s): 390 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1954). Recent corals of the Marshall Islands: Bikini and nearby atolls, part 2, oceanography (biologic). <em>U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper.</em> 260(I): 385-486.
page(s): 391, 398, 400, 427, 429, Pl. 129 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India.</em> 25, 1-2, 78-90.
page(s): 84 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B.; Schuhmacher, H. (1996). Significance of different traits of soft-coral assemblages (Octocorallia, Alcyoniina) in benthic reef communities of the Red Sea. Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie Paläontologie, Sb2, 77-84
page(s): 80 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G. B. (1997). Different modes of adaptation to light conditions in Red Sea Xeniidae reflected by their depth distribution patterns (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, 393-402
page(s): 400 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) MTQ G54477, geounit Israeli Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) MTQ G54843, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) MTQ G54844, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) MTQ G54845, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Acropora (Acropora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) MTQ G55186, geounit Saudi Arabian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) BMNH 57.11.18.20, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) BMNH 57.11.18.219, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Madrepora (Eumadrepora) squarrosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) BMNH 62.2.4.18, geounit New Caledonian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MSI C-1267 [details]
From other sources
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

Description The coenosteum of this species is granular and smooth to the naked eye. There are no very large axial corallites. Branch tips and the ends of branchlets may support several immersed corallites with none being clearly the directive or true axial one. Branchlets are closely packed and blunt. The colony form is a semi-circular table, thick, sturdy plates or brackets often reaching 60 cm across, or are bush shaped. Branchlets in the centre of the colony are often quite different to those at the edge, the latter are "squared off" and lumpy, with a cropped appearance. Radial corallites are a mixture of appressed cylindrical or small, conical lumps. The species is common in sheltered water between 5 and 25 metres, and colours are generally pale brown or cream (Sheppard, 1998). [details]