WoRMS taxon details

Chromis Cuvier, 1814

126045  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:126045)

accepted
Genus
Ayresia Cooper, 1863 · unaccepted
Cromis · unaccepted (misspelling)
Furcaria Poey, 1860 · unaccepted
Heliastes Lowe, 1838 · unaccepted (synonym)
Heliazes · unaccepted (misspelling)
Lepidochromis Fowler & Bean, 1928 · unaccepted (synonym)

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  1. Species Chromis abyssicola Allen & Randall, 1985
  2. Species Chromis abyssus Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008
  3. Species Chromis albicauda Allen & Erdmann, 2009
  4. Species Chromis albomaculata Kamohara, 1960
  5. Species Chromis alpha Randall, 1988
  6. Species Chromis alta Greenfield & Woods, 1980
  7. Species Chromis anadema Motomura, Nishiyama & Chiba, 2017
  8. Species Chromis analis (Cuvier, 1830)
  9. Species Chromis athena Allen & Erdmann, 2008
  10. Species Chromis atripectoralis Welander & Schultz, 1951
  11. Species Chromis axillaris (Bennett, 1831)
  12. Species Chromis bowesi Arango, Pinheiro, Rocha, Greene, Pyle, Copus, Shepherd & Rocha, 2019
  13. Species Chromis cadenati Whitley, 1951
  14. Species Chromis chromis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  15. Species Chromis chrysura (Bliss, 1883)
  16. Species Chromis cinerascens (Cuvier, 1830)
  17. Species Chromis circumaurea Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008
  18. Species Chromis crusma (Valenciennes, 1833)
  19. Species Chromis dasygenys (Fowler, 1935)
  20. Species Chromis degruyi Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008
  21. Species Chromis dispila Griffin, 1923
  22. Species Chromis durvillei Quéro, Spitz & Vayne, 2010
  23. Species Chromis earina Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008
  24. Species Chromis enchrysurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
  25. Species Chromis flavapicis Randall, 2001
  26. Species Chromis flavaxilla Randall, 1994
  27. Species Chromis flavicauda (Günther, 1880)
  28. Species Chromis flavomaculata Kamohara, 1960
  29. Species Chromis fumea (Tanaka, 1917)
  30. Species Chromis gunting Arango, Pinheiro, Rocha, Greene, Pyle, Copus, Shepherd & Rocha, 2019
  31. Species Chromis hangganan Arango, Pinheiro, Rocha, Greene, Pyle, Copus, Shepherd & Rocha, 2019
  32. Species Chromis hypsilepis (Günther, 1867)
  33. Species Chromis insolata (Cuvier, 1830)
  34. Species Chromis jubauna Moura, 1995
  35. Species Chromis kennensis Whitley, 1964
  36. Species Chromis klunzingeri Whitley, 1929
  37. Species Chromis limbata (Valenciennes, 1833)
  38. Species Chromis limbaughi Greenfield & Woods, 1980
  39. Species Chromis lubbocki Edwards, 1986
  40. Species Chromis mamatapara Shepherd, Pinheiro, Phelps, Easton, Pérez-Matus & Rocha, 2020
  41. Species Chromis mirationis Tanaka, 1917
  42. Species Chromis monochroma Allen & Randall, 2004
  43. Species Chromis multilineata (Guichenot, 1853)
  44. Species Chromis nigroanalis Randall, 1988
  45. Species Chromis nitida (Whitley, 1928)
  46. Species Chromis norfolkensis Allen G. R. & Allen M, 2021
  47. Species Chromis notata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  48. Species Chromis okamurai Yamakawa & Randall, 1989
  49. Species Chromis onumai Senou & Kudo, 2007
  50. Species Chromis opercularis (Günther, 1867)
  51. Species Chromis ovalis (Steindachner, 1900)
  52. Species Chromis pacifica Allen & Erdmann, 2020
  53. Species Chromis pamae Randall & McCosker, 1992
  54. Species Chromis pelloura Randall & Allen, 1982
  55. Species Chromis pembae Smith, 1960
  56. Species Chromis planesi Lecchini & Williams, 2004
  57. Species Chromis punctipinnis (Cooper, 1863)
  58. Species Chromis pura Allen & Randall, 2004
  59. Species Chromis randalli Greenfield & Hensley, 1970
  60. Species Chromis sahulensis Allen G. R. & Allen M., 2021
  61. Species Chromis sanctaehelenae Edwards, 1987
  62. Species Chromis scotochiloptera Fowler, 1918
  63. Species Chromis scotti Emery, 1968
  64. Species Chromis struhsakeri Randall & Swerdloff, 1973
  65. Species Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker, 1856)
  66. Species Chromis tingting Tea, Gill & Senou, 2019
  67. Species Chromis torquata Allen, 2018
  68. Species Chromis trialpha Allen & Randall, 1981
  69. Species Chromis unipa Allen & Erdmann, 2009
  70. Species Chromis vanbebberae McFarland, Baldwin, Robertson, Rocha & Tornabene, 2020
  71. Species Chromis verater Jordan & Metz, 1912
  72. Species Chromis viridis (Cuvier, 1830)
  73. Species Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean, 1928
  74. Species Chromis westaustralis Allen, 1976
  75. Species Chromis woodsi Bruner & Arnam, 1979
  76. Species Chromis xanthochira (Bleeker, 1851)
  77. Species Chromis xanthopterygia Randall & McCarthy, 1988
  78. Species Chromis xanthura (Bleeker, 1854)
  79. Species Chromis xouthos Allen & Erdmann, 2005
  80. Species Chromis xutha Randall, 1988
  81. Species Chromis yamakawai Iwatsubo & Motomura, 2013
  82. Species Chromis abrupta Randall, 2001 accepted as Pycnochromis abruptus (Randall, 2001)
  83. Species Chromis acares Randall & Swerdloff, 1973 accepted as Pycnochromis acares (Randall & Swerdloff, 1973)
  84. Species Chromis agilis Smith, 1960 accepted as Pycnochromis agilis (Smith, 1960)
  85. Species Chromis albomaculatus Kamohara, 1960 accepted as Chromis albomaculata Kamohara, 1960 (misspelling)
  86. Species Chromis alleni Randall, Ida & Moyer, 1981 accepted as Pycnochromis alleni (Randall, Ida & Moyer, 1981)
  87. Species Chromis amboiensis (Bleeker, 1871) accepted as Pycnochromis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1871) (misspelling)
  88. Species Chromis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1871) accepted as Pycnochromis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1871)
  89. Species Chromis andreae Günther, 1864 accepted as Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848)
  90. Species Chromis atrilobata Gill, 1862 accepted as Azurina atrilobata (Gill, 1862)
  91. Species Chromis atripes Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Pycnochromis atripes (Fowler & Bean, 1928)
  92. Species Chromis aureus Steindachner, 1864 accepted as Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner, 1864)
  93. Species Chromis azurelineatus Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Altrichthys azurelineatus (Fowler & Bean, 1928)
  94. Species Chromis bami Randall & McCosker, 1992 accepted as Pycnochromis bami (Randall & McCosker, 1992)
  95. Species Chromis bermudae Nichols, 1920 accepted as Chromis flavicauda (Günther, 1880)
  96. Species Chromis bicolor (Rochebrune, 1880) accepted as Abudefduf hoefleri (Steindachner, 1881)
  97. Species Chromis bitaeniatus Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Neoglyphidodon nigroris (Cuvier, 1830)
  98. Species Chromis brasiliensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (synonym)
  99. Species Chromis brevirostris Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008 accepted as Azurina brevirostris (Pyle, Earle & Greene, 2008) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  100. Species Chromis caerulea (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker, 1856)
  101. Species Chromis caeruleomaculatus Rochebrune, 1880 accepted as Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848) (misspelling)
  102. Species Chromis caeruleus (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker, 1856) (synonym)
  103. Species Chromis castanea Cuvier, 1814 accepted as Chromis chromis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  104. Species Chromis caudalis Randall, 1988 accepted as Pycnochromis caudalis (Randall, 1988)
  105. Species Chromis caudofasciata Shen & Chen, 1978 accepted as Chromis fumea (Tanaka, 1917)
  106. Species Chromis cautus (Troschel, 1866) accepted as Azurina multilineata (Guichenot, 1853)
  107. Species Chromis chrysurus (Bliss, 1883) accepted as Chromis chrysura (Bliss, 1883) (misspelling)
  108. Species Chromis cinctus (Playfair, 1868) accepted as Chrysiptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
  109. Species Chromis coeruleomaculatus Rochebrune, 1880 accepted as Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848)
  110. Species Chromis coeruleus (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker, 1856) (misspelling)
  111. Species Chromis cupreus Fowler & Bean, 1923 accepted as Chromis crusma (Valenciennes, 1833)
  112. Species Chromis cyanea (Poey, 1860) accepted as Azurina cyanea (Poey, 1860) (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
  113. Species Chromis cyaneus (Poey, 1860) accepted as Azurina cyanea (Poey, 1860) (unaccepted > junior objective synonym, misspelling)
  114. Species Chromis delta Randall, 1988 accepted as Pycnochromis delta (Randall, 1988)
  115. Species Chromis desmostigma Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker, 1855)
  116. Species Chromis dimidata (Klunzinger, 1871) accepted as Pycnochromis dimidiatus (Klunzinger, 1871) (misspelling)
  117. Species Chromis dimidiata (Klunzinger, 1871) accepted as Pycnochromis dimidiatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
  118. Species Chromis dimidiate (Klunzinger, 1871) accepted as Pycnochromis dimidiatus (Klunzinger, 1871) (misspelling)
  119. Species Chromis dimidiatus (Klunzinger, 1871) accepted as Pycnochromis dimidiatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
  120. Species Chromis dispilus Griffin, 1923 accepted as Chromis dispila Griffin, 1923
  121. Species Chromis dumerilii Steindachner, 1864 accepted as Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852)
  122. Species Chromis elaphrus Jenkins, 1903 accepted as Plectroglyphidodon imparipennis (Vaillant & Sauvage, 1875)
  123. Species Chromis elerae Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Azurina elerae (Fowler & Bean, 1928)
  124. Species Chromis enchrysura Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 accepted as Chromis enchrysurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
  125. Species Chromis epicurorum Gronow, 1854 accepted as Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766)
  126. Species Chromis faidherbii Rochebrune, 1880 accepted as Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848)
  127. Species Chromis fatuhivae Randall, 2001 accepted as Pycnochromis fatuhivae (Randall, 2001)
  128. Species Chromis fieldi Randall & DiBattista, 2013 accepted as Pycnochromis fieldi (Randall & DiBattista, 2013) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  129. Species Chromis flavipectoralis Randall, 1988 accepted as Pycnochromis flavipectoralis Randall, 1988
  130. Species Chromis flavomaculatus Kamohara, 1960 accepted as Chromis flavomaculata Kamohara, 1960 (misspelling)
  131. Species Chromis fraenatus Araga & Yoshino, 1975 accepted as Chromis mirationis Tanaka, 1917
  132. Species Chromis fragoris Whitley, 1964 accepted as Pycnochromis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1871)
  133. Species Chromis fumeus (Tanaka, 1917) accepted as Chromis fumea (Tanaka, 1917)
  134. Species Chromis fuscomaculatus Guichenot, 1853 accepted as Nandopsis tetracanthus (Valenciennes, 1831) (synonym)
  135. Species Chromis galilaeus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Sarotherodon galilaeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  136. Species Chromis guentheri Steindachner, 1864 accepted as Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  137. Species Chromis guineensis Günther, 1862 accepted as Coptodon guineensis (Günther, 1862)
  138. Species Chromis hanui Randall & Swerdloff, 1973 accepted as Pycnochromis hanui (Randall & Swerdloff, 1973)
  139. Species Chromis heudelotii (Duméril, 1861) accepted as Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell, 1852
  140. Species Chromis howsoni Allen & Erdmann, 2014 accepted as Pycnochromis howsoni (Allen & Erdmann, 2014)
  141. Species Chromis humbug Whitley, 1954 accepted as Dischistodus perspicillatus (Cuvier, 1830)
  142. Species Chromis insolatus (Cuvier, 1830) accepted as Chromis insolata (Cuvier, 1830) (misspelling)
  143. Species Chromis insulindicus Bleeker, 1876 accepted as Chromis cinerascens (Cuvier, 1830)
  144. Species Chromis intercrusma Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917 accepted as Azurina intercrusma (Evermann & Radcliffe, 1917) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  145. Species Chromis iomelas Jordan & Seale, 1906 accepted as Pycnochromis iomelas (Jordan & Seale, 1906) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  146. Species Chromis isharae (Schmidt, 1931) accepted as Chromis chrysura (Bliss, 1883)
  147. Species Chromis isomelas Jordan & Seale, 1906 accepted as Pycnochromis iomelas (Jordan & Seale, 1906) (misspelling)
  148. Species Chromis lata Günther, 1862 accepted as Coptodon guineensis (Günther, 1862) (misspelling)
  149. Species Chromis lateralis (Duméril, 1861) accepted as Sarotherodon galilaeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  150. Species Chromis latus Günther, 1862 accepted as Coptodon guineensis (Günther, 1862) (misspelling)
  151. Species Chromis lepidolepis Bleeker, 1877 accepted as Azurina lepidolepis (Bleeker, 1877)
  152. Species Chromis leucura Gilbert, 1905 accepted as Pycnochromis leucurus (Gilbert, 1905)
  153. Species Chromis leucurus Gilbert, 1905 accepted as Pycnochromis leucurus (Gilbert, 1905) (misspelling)
  154. Species Chromis limbatus (Valenciennes, 1833) accepted as Chromis limbata (Valenciennes, 1833) (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  155. Species Chromis lineata Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Pycnochromis lineatus (Fowler & Bean, 1928)
  156. Species Chromis lineatus Fowler & Bean, 1928 accepted as Pycnochromis lineatus (Fowler & Bean, 1928) (misspelling)
  157. Species Chromis lineatus Cadenat, 1950 accepted as Chromis cadenati Whitley, 1951
  158. Species Chromis macrocephalus Bleeker, 1862 accepted as Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell, 1852 (synonym)
  159. Species Chromis madagascariensis Guichenot, 1866 accepted as Paretroplus polyactis Bleeker, 1878
  160. Species Chromis margarifer Fowler, 1946 accepted as Pycnochromis margaritifer (Fowler, 1946) (misspelling)
  161. Species Chromis margaritifer Fowler, 1946 accepted as Pycnochromis margaritifer (Fowler, 1946)
  162. Species Chromis margaritifera Fowler, 1946 accepted as Pycnochromis margaritifer (Fowler, 1946) (misspelling)
  163. Species Chromis marginata (Castelnau, 1855) accepted as Azurina multilineata (Guichenot, 1853)
  164. Species Chromis mediteranea Cloquet, 1817 accepted as Chromis chromis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  165. Species Chromis megalopsis Allen, 1976 accepted as Chromis mirationis Tanaka, 1917 (synonym)
  166. Species Chromis melanopleura (Duméril, 1861) accepted as Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848)
  167. Species Chromis menzalensis Mitchell, 1895 accepted as Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848)
  168. Species Chromis meridiana Greenfield & Woods, 1980 accepted as Azurina meridiana (Greenfield & Woods, 1980)
  169. Species Chromis microcephalus Günther, 1862 accepted as Sarotherodon melanotheron Rüppell, 1852 (synonym)
  170. Species Chromis microstomus Lortet, 1883 accepted as Sarotherodon galilaeus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  171. Species Chromis miyakeensis Moyer & Ida, 1976 accepted as Chromis notata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  172. Species Chromis mossambicus Peters, 1852 accepted as Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852)
  173. Species Chromis multilineatus (Guichenot, 1853) accepted as Azurina multilineata (Guichenot, 1853) (misspelling)
  174. Species Chromis natalensis Weber, 1897 accepted as Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852)
  175. Species Chromis nigripinnis (Guichenot, 1861) accepted as Sarotherodon nigripinnis (Guichenot, 1861)
  176. Species Chromis nigrura Smith, 1960 accepted as Pycnochromis nigrurus (Smith, 1960)
  177. Species Chromis nigrurus Smith, 1960 accepted as Pycnochromis nigrurus (Smith, 1960) (misspelling)
  178. Species Chromis nilotica (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  179. Species Chromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  180. Species Chromis notatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843) accepted as Chromis notata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  181. Species Chromis ovatiformes Fowler, 1946 (unaccepted)
  182. Species Chromis ovatiformis Fowler, 1946 (unaccepted, synonym)
  183. Species Chromis philippinus Fowler, 1918 (unaccepted)
  184. Species Chromis pleuromelas (Duméril, 1861) (unaccepted)
  185. Species Chromis polycentra (Duméril, 1861) (unaccepted)
  186. Species Chromis rendalli Boulenger, 1897 (unaccepted)
  187. Species Chromis reticulatus Fowler & Bean, 1928 (unaccepted)
  188. Species Chromis retrofasciata Weber, 1913 (unaccepted)
  189. Species Chromis retrofasciatas Weber, 1913 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  190. Species Chromis retrofasciatus Weber, 1913 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  191. Species Chromis rollandi Whitley, 1961 (unaccepted)
  192. Species Chromis scotochilopterus Fowler, 1918 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  193. Species Chromis simulanis Smith, 1960 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  194. Species Chromis simulans Smith, 1960 (unaccepted)
  195. Species Chromis ternatense (Bleeker, 1856) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  196. Species Chromis tiberiadis Lortet, 1883 (unaccepted)
  197. Species Chromis tristrami (Günther, 1860) (unaccepted)
  198. Species Chromis vanderbilti (Fowler, 1941) (unaccepted)
  199. Species Chromis velox Jenkins, 1901 (unaccepted)
  200. Species Chromis verator Jordan & Metz, 1912 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  201. Species Chromis villadoldi Jordan & Tanaka, 1927 (unaccepted)
  202. Species Chromis villadolidi Jordan & Tanaka, 1927 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
  203. Species Chromis virescens Ogilby, 1922 (unaccepted)
  204. Species Chromis vorax Pfeffer, 1893 (unaccepted)
  205. Species Chromis xanthochir (Bleeker, 1851) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  206. Species Chromis xanthocira (Bleeker, 1851) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  207. Species Chromis xanthurus (Bleeker, 1854) (unaccepted)
  208. Species Chromis zillii (Gervais, 1848) (unaccepted)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Cuvier, G. (1814). Observations et recherches critiques sur différentes poissons de la Méditerranée et, à leur occasion, sur des Poissons des autres mers plus ou moins liés avec eux. <em>Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique de Paris.</em> 1814: 80-92., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4439986 [details]   
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Chromis Cuvier, 1814. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=126045 on 2024-06-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-04-24 06:44:15Z
changed
2013-01-04 15:09:25Z
changed
2014-11-21 13:09:37Z
changed
2014-12-02 12:48:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Cuvier, G. (1814). Observations et recherches critiques sur différentes poissons de la Méditerranée et, à leur occasion, sur des Poissons des autres mers plus ou moins liés avec eux. <em>Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique de Paris.</em> 1814: 80-92., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4439986 [details]   

original description  (of Ayresia Cooper, 1863) Cooper, J. G. (1863). On new genera and species of California fishes - No. I. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1).</em> v. 3 (sig. 5): 70-77. [details]   

original description  (of Furcaria Poey, 1860) Poey, F. (1858-1861). Memorias sobra la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba, acompañadas de sumarios Latinos y extractos en Francés. 2: 1-96 (1858), 97-336 (1860), 337-442 (1861), pls. 1-19; La Habana ["1856-1858"]., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2513061 [details]   

taxonomy source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   

context source (PeRMS) Chirichigno, N.; Cornejo, M. (2001). Catálogo comentado de los peces marinos del Perú. <em>2ª ed. Instituto del Mar de Perú. Publicación Especial. Callao.</em> 314 p. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Smith, J. L. B. (1960). Coral Fishes of the Family Pomacentridae from the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. <em>Ichthyological Bulletin No.</em> 19: 317-349. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2023). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (02/2023)., available online at https://www.fishbase.org [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Remark Type species Sparus chromis Linn, 1758 [details]
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Japanese スズメダイ属  [details]