WoRMS taxon details

Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768)

124043  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:124043)

accepted
Species
Asterias equestris Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted (synonym)
Asterias johnstoni Gray in Johnston, 1836 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Asterias phrygiana Parelius, 1768 · unaccepted (original name)
Astrogonium aculeatum Barrett, 1857 · unaccepted (synonym)
Astrogonium phrygianum (Parelius, 1768) · unaccepted (subsequent name by Muller &...)  
subsequent name by Muller & Troschel, 1842
Goniaster abbensis Forbes, 1843 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Goniaster equestris (Linnaeus, 1758) · unaccepted (A synonym according to Muller &...)  
A synonym according to Muller & Troschel (1842)
Goniaster phrygianus (Parelius, 1768) · unaccepted (subsequent name used by Norman...)  
subsequent name used by Norman 1865: 123
Hippasteria aleutica Clark & Jewett, 2011 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961 · unaccepted (Subspecies according to Downey in...)  
Subspecies according to Downey in Clark & Downey (1992)
Hippasteria colossa Djakonov, 1950 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria cornuta Gray, 1840 · unaccepted (synonym according to Sladen (1889))
Hippasteria derjungini Djakonov, 1950 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria europaea Gray, 1840 · unaccepted (synonym of Astrogonium...)  
synonym of Astrogonium (=Hippasteria) phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) according to Muller & Troschel, 1842
Hippasteria johnstoni (Gray, 1836) · unaccepted (synonym according to Muller and...)  
synonym according to Muller and Troschel (1842)
Hippasteria kurilensis Fisher, 1911 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria mammifera Djakonov, 1950 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria pedicellaris Djakonov, 1950 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria phrygiana argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria phrygiana phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria plana Gray, 1840 · unaccepted (synonym according to Mortensen (1927))
Hippasteria spinosa Verrill, 1909 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Mah et al. (2014))
Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 · unaccepted (A forma according to Downey in...)  
A forma according to Downey in Clark & Downey (1992)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Parelius, J. (1768). Beskrivelse over Nogle Korstrold. <em>Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Skrifter.</em> 4: 423–428, pl. 14.
page(s): 425 [details]   
Distribution In depths of 20 to more than 200 m; rather rare off the northeast coast, as far south as Yorkshire, in the central North...  
Distribution In depths of 20 to more than 200 m; rather rare off the northeast coast, as far south as Yorkshire, in the central North Sea, off the Shetland Islands and NW Ireland. [details]

Distribution Arctic to Cape Cod   
Distribution Arctic to Cape Cod  [details]
Mah, C.L. (2022). World Asteroidea Database. Hippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=124043 on 2022-05-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-11-08 11:26:04Z
checked
2008-12-14 04:28:08Z
changed
2010-02-13 05:01:06Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Parelius, J. (1768). Beskrivelse over Nogle Korstrold. <em>Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Skrifter.</em> 4: 423–428, pl. 14.
page(s): 425 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria plana Gray, 1840) Gray, J.E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (<i>Asterias</i>, Linnaeus). <em>Annals of the Magazine of Natural History.</em> 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria (Nehippasteria) insignis Dons, 1937) Dons, C. (1937). Zoologische Notizen XXXIV. <i>Hippasteria insignis</i> n. sp. <em>Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Forhandlinger.</em> 10: 16–19.
page(s): 16 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria phrygiana argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961) Bernasconi, I. (1961).Una nueva especie de asteroideo. Neotropica 7(22): 1-2.
page(s): 1 [details]   

original description  (of Asterias equestris Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Astrogonium aculeatum Barrett, 1857) Barrett, L. (1857). Descriptions of four new species of Echinodermata. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 2nd series, vol. 20: 46-48, pl. 7, fig. 1., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2365677#page/60/mode/1up
page(s): 47 [details]   

original description  (of Goniaster abbensis Forbes, 1843) Forbes, E. (1843). On a new British starfish of the genus <i>Goniaster</i>. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 11: 280, one plate., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2326446#page/304/mode/1up
page(s): 280 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria cornuta Gray, 1840) Gray, J.E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (<i>Asterias</i>, Linnaeus). <em>Annals of the Magazine of Natural History.</em> 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria europaea Gray, 1840) Gray, J.E. (1840). XXXII. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (<i>Asterias</i>, Linnaeus). <em>Annals of the Magazine of Natural History.</em> 6: 275-290., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2336044#page/309/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria insignis Dons, 1937) Dons, C. (1937). Zoologische Notizen XXXIV. <i>Hippasteria insignis</i> n. sp. <em>Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab Forhandlinger.</em> 10: 16–19.
page(s): 16 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926) Clark, H. L. (1926). VII. Echinoderms from the South African Fisheries & Marine Biological Survey-pt. 2. <em>Sea-stars (Asteroidea). Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa.</em> 4: 1-33.
page(s): 13 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926) Clark, H. L. (1926). VII. Echinoderms from the South African Fisheries & Marine Biological Survey-pt. 2. <em>Sea-stars (Asteroidea). Fisheries and Marine Biological Survey, Union of South Africa.</em> 4: 1-33.
page(s): 13 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria hyadesi Perrier, 1891) Perrier, E. (1891). Echinoderma I. Stellérides. Mission Scientifique du Cap Horn, 1882-83. 6.Zoologie (3), Paris. 1-198 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34621706
page(s): K.128 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria argentinensis Bernasconi, 1961) Bernasconi, I. (1961).Una nueva especie de asteroideo. Neotropica 7(22): 1-2.
page(s): 1 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria colossa Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria derjungini Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria kurilensis Fisher, 1911) Fisher, W.K. (1911). Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. 1. Phanerozonia and Spinulosida. Bulletin of the US National Museum, 76: xiii+420 pp.122 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7840387 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria mammifera Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria pedicellaris Djakonov, 1950) Djakonov, A.M. (1950 (1968 translation)). Starfish of the Soviet Union [Sea stars (Asteroids) of the USSR Seas.]. <em>Tableaux analytiques de la faune de l'URSS.</em> 34: 1-203, 23 pls. (183 pp in translated version).
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria spinosa Verrill, 1909) Verrill, A.E. (1909). Description of new genera and species of starfishes from the North Pacific coast of America. American Journal of Science 28: 59-70., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40247723
page(s): 63 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria trojana Fell, 1958) Fell, H. B. (1958). Deep-sea echinoderms of New Zealand. <em>Zoology Publications from Victoria University of Wellington.</em> 24: 1-40., available online at http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-Vic24Zool.html
page(s): 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Hippasteria leiopelta armata Fisher, 1911) Fisher, W.K. (1911). Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. 1. Phanerozonia and Spinulosida. Bulletin of the US National Museum, 76: xiii+420 pp.122 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7840387
page(s): 230 [details]   

original description  (of Hippasteria aleutica Clark & Jewett, 2011) Clark, R.N. and Jewett, S.C. 2011. A new sea star of the genus <i>Hippasteria</i> (Asteroidea; Goniasteridae) from the Aleutian Islands. <i>Zootaxa</i> 2963: 48-54., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2011/2/zt02963p054.pdf [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., L. Bosse & G. Lamarche. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gosner, 1977 [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. <em>Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B.</em> 68: p. [details]   

additional source Rowe, F. W. E.; Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. <em>In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia'.</em> 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne). [details]   

additional source Southward, E.C.; Campbell, A.C. (2006). [Echinoderms: keys and notes for the identification of British species]. <i>Synopses of the British fauna (new series)</i>, 56. Field Studies Council: Shrewsbury, UK. ISBN 1-85153-269-2. 272 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sea lilies. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hansson, H. (2004). North East Atlantic Taxa (NEAT): Nematoda. Internet pdf Ed. Aug 1998., available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/taxa.html [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From other sources
Breeding Large yolky eggs. Larva not known. [details]

Distribution In depths of 20 to more than 200 m; rather rare off the northeast coast, as far south as Yorkshire, in the central North Sea, off the Shetland Islands and NW Ireland. [details]

Distribution Arctic to Cape Cod  [details]

Habitat bathyal and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
LanguageName 
English Arctic cushion star  [details]
German knotiger Seestern  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål prakstsjøstjerne [from synonym]knuddersjøstjerne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk prakstsjøstjerne [from synonym]knuddersjøstjerne  [details]
Russian Гиппастерия колючая  [details]
Swedish hästsjöstjärna  [details]
USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

USNM Paratype E47392
 USNM Paratype E47392
[image from synonym]

Hippasteria spinosa
 Hippasteria spinosa
[image from synonym]

To MNHN Type collection (IE-2014-78)
To MNHN Type collec...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria hyadesi Perrier (USNM E43921) arm, ventral view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria hyadesi Perrier (USNM E43921) ventral view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria trojana (1) E13768)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Hippasteria trojana E13768)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 080308)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]