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Echinoidea source details

Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
6324
Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J.
1976
The echinoderms of southern Africa
Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp
Publication
This is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
South Africa
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisaster capensis (Studer, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatopygus loveni Studer, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1925 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris radiata Leske, 1778 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris toreumatica Klein, 1734 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidarites pistillaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1925 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus floridianus A. Agassiz, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus floridanus A. Agassiz, 1872 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus elegans Mazzetti, 1893 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinolampas crassa (Bell, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix desori (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus hirsuta Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus horridus A. Agassiz, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus lacunosus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus mathaei Blainville, 1825 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus molaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pileolus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEllipsechinus lukunter (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHygrosoma petersi (A. Agassiz, 1880) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHygrosoma petersii (A. Agassiz, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKeraiaphorus maillardi Michelin, 1862 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKionocidaris striata Mortensen, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamprechinus nitidus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonocidaris nitidus (Döderlein, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrechinus monolini (A. Agassiz, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonocidaris monolini A. Agassiz, 1879 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaeolampas crassa Bell, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinolampas crassa (Bell, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacentrotus agulhensis Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyechinus agulhensis (Döderlein, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhormosoma petersii A. Agassiz, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHygrosoma petersii (A. Agassiz, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyechinus agulhensis (Döderlein, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia alcocki Koehler, 1914 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalenia phoinissa A. Agassiz & H.L. Clark, 1908 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBathysalenia phoinissa (A. Agassiz & H.L. Clark, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis erythracis H.L. Clark, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmaciella erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis erythracis H.L. Clark, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmaciella erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizaster capensis Studer, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisaster capensis (Studer, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus capensis Döderlein, 1905 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus elongata Gray, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus elongatus Gray, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris Pomel, 1883 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris capensis Döderlein, 1901 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris excavata Mortensen, 1932 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris squamosa Mortensen, 1928 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus reevesi (Gray, 1855) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus reevesii (Gray, 1855) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToreumatica reevesi Gray, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus reevesii (Gray, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUrechinus naresianus A. Agassiz, 1879 (additional source)
Agulhas Bank for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910 
Agulhas Bank for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalenia phoinissa A. Agassiz & H.L. Clark, 1908 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816 
Cape of Good Hope for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisaster capensis (Studer, 1880) 
Cape of Good Hope for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880) 
Cape Point for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Cape Seal for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1925 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1925 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924) 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKionocidaris striata Mortensen, 1932 
East London for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939 
East London for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris excavata Mortensen, 1932 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907 
Kenya for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901 
Kenyan Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901 
Kermadec Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrechinus monolini (A. Agassiz, 1879) 
Knysna for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamprechinus nitidus Döderlein, 1905 
Knysna for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolyechinus agulhensis (Döderlein, 1905) 
Knysna for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris capensis Döderlein, 1901 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema setosum (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLovenia elongata (Gray, 1845) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmaciella dussumieri erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Natal for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaganum fudsiyama africanum Mortensen, 1948 
Northern Red Sea Region for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus elegans Mazzetti, 1893 
Reunion for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) 
Réunion Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) 
Saya de Malha for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris squamosa Mortensen, 1928 
Simon's Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus capensis Döderlein, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904)  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAraeosoma paucispinum H.L. Clark, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisaster capensis (Studer, 1880) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClypeaster rarispinus de Meijere, 1903 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocyamus elegans Mazzetti, 1893 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinolampas crassa (Bell, 1880) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHygrosoma petersi (A. Agassiz, 1880) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKeraiaphorus maillardi Michelin, 1862 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKionocidaris striata Mortensen, 1932 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLaganum fudsiyama africanum Mortensen, 1948 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrechinus monolini (A. Agassiz, 1879) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhormosoma bursarium A. Agassiz, 1881 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhormosoma placenta africana Mortensen, 1934 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPourtalesia alcocki Koehler, 1914 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalenia phoinissa A. Agassiz & H.L. Clark, 1908 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmaciella dussumieri erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatagobrissus mirabilis H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpatangus capensis Döderlein, 1905 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris capensis Döderlein, 1901 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris excavata Mortensen, 1932 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStereocidaris squamosa Mortensen, 1928 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTemnopleurus reevesi (Gray, 1855) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880) 
Tanzania for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmaciella dussumieri erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) 
United States for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHygrosoma petersi (A. Agassiz, 1880) 
Western Cape for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinocardium capense Mortensen, 1907 
Zanzibar for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSalmaciella dussumieri erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912) 
Unknown type, locality Crozet Islands, identified as Urechinus naresianus A. Agassiz, 1879
Unknown type, locality Gulf of Oman, identified as Pourtalesia alcocki Koehler, 1914
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Biology

Sexually dimrophic species, epizoic on cake urchins Echinodiscus bisperforatus and E. auritus [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Clark & Courtman-Stock record the species as observed from South Africa, without further details. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: disc scales with scattered pointed spinelets; single thick oral papilla, no infradental papilla; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

South african Atlantic species [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Saipan (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Maldives, Andamans, Lesser Sunda Island and southern Japan in depths from about 400-2800 m. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also reported from Morocco and Ivory coast (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: also atlantic coast of S Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: occurs ao on the Atlantic Coast of South Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 [554]) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: South Africa, not known more precisely. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From the Philippines in Lyman (1874). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (Pacific and Atlantic Oceans), depth range 62-2963 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

benthic, continental shelf, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, South Africa, west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous, South Africa, New Zealand, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. Depth range 318-2300 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Also previously recorded in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental shelf, continental slope, abyssal. General distribution: temperate, circumglobal ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, deposit feeder. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (west ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2278; paratypes in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town (South Africa) A.6445. Type locality: NW of Lion's Head, Cape Town, South ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa.Type locality: off East London, South Africa, 375m (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Red Sea, in Lyman (1865) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. Described by Müller & Troschel ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Lectotype Museum fürNnaturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) 5429, paralectotype Museum ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Lectotype Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, paralectotypes Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (7 specimens) ?Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Type locality: east of Sailus Besar, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (probable) Natural History Museum, London (england). Type locality: off the coast of Ireland (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes ?Zoologisches Museum, Göttingen (Germany) (3 specimens).Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes Natural History Museum, London (England) 1882.12.23.444. Type locality: japan (35°11'N 139°28'E) (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes undetermied. Type locality: Norway in Clark & Courtman-Stock (1976), but unknown in Rowe & Gates (1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Unknown (Britain) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Keraiophorus Michelin, 1862 (=Coelopleurus L. Agassiz, 1840 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Cryptopelta H.L. Clark, 1909 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Cidaris cretosa Mantell, 1829 (=Cidaris sceptrifera Mantell, 1822) by subsequent designation in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiogymna elegans Ljungman, 1866 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiacantha vipellis Lyman, 1883 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Tristan da Cunha, 200 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Types species: Spatangus pusillus Leske, 1778 (=Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777) by subsequent designation (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Tropriometra in Kalk (1958). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Lyman (1882) intended this to be a synonym of Ophioderma tonagan Lütken, 1872, but assigned his own name to it as ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

H. retecta preoccupied by Hayashi 1940 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

A forma of M. gacialis [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

In Lyman (1874): Ophiothrix longipeda is a synonym of Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman. But Ophiothrix propinqua is a ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination and rank [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination for Henricia reticulata; H. reticulata is junior homonym of H. reticulata of Hayashi, 1940. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]


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