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Echinoidea taxon details

Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)

213377  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:213377)

accepted
Species
Astropyga calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Cidaris calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Cidaris calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (subjective junior synonym)
Cidarites calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema calamare (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema calamaria (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema calamarium (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
Diadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix aequalis (Gray, 1855) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix annellata Peters, 1853 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix clavata (Gray, 1855) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinotrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (misspelling for Echinothrix calamaris)
Echinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 (tranferred to Echinothrix)
Echinus calamarus Pallas, 1774 (transferred to Echinothrix)
Garelia aequalis Gray, 1855 (subjective junior synonym)
Garelia clavata Gray, 1855 (subjective junior synonym)
Savignya frappieri Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. <em>Berolini.</em> Fasciculus 10, pp. 1–41, 4 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up
page(s): 31-32; pl. 2: figs 4-8 [details]   
Note East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in...  
From other sources
Type locality East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Description Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines...  
Description Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Solomon Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific IS. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971).; Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean; depth range 0-90 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=213377 on 2018-10-15
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:14:26Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

original description  (ofAstropyga desorii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47986#page/311/mode/1up
page(s): 345 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus calamaris Pallas, 1774) Pallas, P. S. (1774). Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. <em>Berolini.</em> Fasciculus 10, pp. 1–41, 4 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/88619#page/103/mode/1up
page(s): 31-32; pl. 2: figs 4-8 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinothrix annellata Peters, 1853) Peters, W. (1853). Über die an der Küste von Mossambique beobachteten Seeigel und insbesondere über die Gruppe der Diademen. Abhandlungen der preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.1854: 101-119, 1 pl., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/92694#page/161/mode/1up
page(s): 117-118 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College.</em> 1: 17-28.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEchinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College.</em> 1: 17-28.
page(s): 19 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofGarelia aequalis Gray, 1855) Gray J.E. 1855. An arrangement of the Families of Echinida, with Descriptions of some New Genera and Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 23, 35-39., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96679#page/787/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofGarelia clavata Gray, 1855) Gray J.E. 1855. An arrangement of the Families of Echinida, with Descriptions of some New Genera and Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 23, 35-39., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96679#page/787/mode/1up
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (ofSavignya frappieri Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. <em>In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans.</em> 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 4; pl. 15: figs 1-9 [details]   

context source (HKRMS)  Thompson, G. B. (1982). Underwater observations on the distribution of regular sea urchins in Hong Kong. In: Proceedings of the first international marine biological workshop: The marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern China (ed. Morton, B.), vol. 2, pp655-671. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. [details]   

basis of record  Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. <em>Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).</em> London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source  Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, Bonn.</em> 21(1): 537-563., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/85045#page/583/mode/1up [details]   

additional source  Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source  Mortensen, T. (1940b). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 1. Aulodonta, with Additions to Vol. II (Lepidocentroida and Stirodonta). 370 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 285-290 [details]   

additional source  Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description Colour in life: purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).
Also distributed in Solomon Islands (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific IS. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971).; Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991).
General distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific Ocean; depth range 0-90 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Type locality East Indies;
Peters as author and placed in family 'Centrechinidae' in Kalk (1958).
Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English banded urchinbanded sea urchin  [details]
German Calamaris-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese トックリガンガゼモドキ  [details]

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