WoRMS taxon details

Pectinia lactuca (Pallas, 1766)

207378  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207378)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofTridacophyllia lactuca (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofMadrepora lactuca Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note unrecorded (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description A foliaceous coral, with numerous vertical "leaves", which are really meandroid series of corallites with very tall, thin...  
Description A foliaceous coral, with numerous vertical "leaves", which are really meandroid series of corallites with very tall, thin walls. In this species, the walls are all of similar, regular height. Smaller, secondary corallites occur on the sides of the walls as well as along the valley floor. While this genus contains some colourful corals, this species is generally a relatively dull brown or green. A single colony may exceed a metre diameter. Its preferred habitat is in sheltered water such as lagoons and back-reef areas. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies have elongate valleys and walls, the latter of relatively uniform height. Most valleys can be traced from the colony margins to the centre. Colour: uniform grey, brown or green. Abundance: common on lower reef slopes and in turbid water habitats where colonies frequently exceed 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Specimens are always distinctive and striking as they have prominent walls or spire-like lobes with septo-costae between the polyps. The thin, high, irregular walls are of uniform height and meander from the colony centre. Colour: usually greyish-green. Habitat: turbid waters and base of reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Pectinia lactuca (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207378 on 2018-05-28
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed

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original description Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTridacophyllia manicina Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofTridacophyllia lactuca (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofMadrepora lactuca Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTridacophyllia symphylloides Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. 1849. Recherches sur les polypiers. Quatrième mémoire. Monographie des astréides(1). Tribu II. Astréens (Astreinae). Annales Des Sciences Naturelles, Série 3, Zoologie 11: 233–312. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

basis of record  (ofTridacophyllia lactuca (Pallas, 1766)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofTridacophyllia lactuca (Pallas, 1766)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. 1849. Recherches sur les polypiers. Quatrième mémoire. Monographie des astréides(1). Tribu II. Astréens (Astreinae). Annales Des Sciences Naturelles, Série 3, Zoologie 11: 233–312. [details]   

basis of record  (ofTridacophyllia symphylloides Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofTridacophyllia rectifolia Saville-Kent, 1891) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source  (ofTridacophyllia rectifolia Saville-Kent, 1891) Saville-Kent W (1891) Notes on new and little known Australian Madroporaceae. Records of the Australian Museum 1: 123-124, pls. 15-17. [details]   

basis of record  (ofTridacophyllia manicina Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description A foliaceous coral, with numerous vertical "leaves", which are really meandroid series of corallites with very tall, thin walls. In this species, the walls are all of similar, regular height. Smaller, secondary corallites occur on the sides of the walls as well as along the valley floor. While this genus contains some colourful corals, this species is generally a relatively dull brown or green. A single colony may exceed a metre diameter. Its preferred habitat is in sheltered water such as lagoons and back-reef areas. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies have elongate valleys and walls, the latter of relatively uniform height. Most valleys can be traced from the colony margins to the centre. Colour: uniform grey, brown or green. Abundance: common on lower reef slopes and in turbid water habitats where colonies frequently exceed 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Specimens are always distinctive and striking as they have prominent walls or spire-like lobes with septo-costae between the polyps. The thin, high, irregular walls are of uniform height and meander from the colony centre. Colour: usually greyish-green. Habitat: turbid waters and base of reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English common lettuce coral  [details]
Japanese スジウミバラ  [details]