WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846)

207293  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207293)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia speciosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNote "East Indies" (Veron, 1986)  
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and encrusting. They may form perfect discs or vases with very long and even, concentric valleys (the classical "speciosa" form), or they may develop irregularly contorted sheets with short, broken series, one fairly extreme example of which is illustrated. This degree of contortion, however, stops short of fully ramose development seen in some P. rugosa, but without a lens to examine the columella these may be mistaken for the latter. This is a common species, found mostly in deeper water, mainly on steep to sheer reef walls between 20 to 45 m deep, or in other darker reef habitats. It is mostly limited to clearer water areas, and it commonly coexists with Leptoseris. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are unifacial laminae, usually horizontal, but may develop upright ridges or columns. More than one row of corallites may occur between ridges. Columellae are absent. Colour: pale brown to deep grey. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, colonies are seldom over 2 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Colonies plate-like (or partly encrusting) with marked linear arrangement of the inter-corallite septo-costae. The pronounced ridges, which are concentric to the margin of the colony, are distinctive. Colour: beige, grey or light brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef bases. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2014). Pachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207293 on 2017-12-16

Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-06-02 12:39:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris levicollis (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia speciosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia levicollis Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris haimei Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris clementei Nemenzo, 1955) Nemenzo, F. (1955). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: I. Suborder Fungiida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines. 15: 3-84. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia (Undaria) levicollis Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia (Undaria) speciosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris levicollis (Dana, 1846)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris levicollis (Dana, 1846)) Cairns, S.D. (1991). Catalog of the type specimens of stony corals (Milleporidae, Stylasteridae, Scleractinia) in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithson. Contr. Zool. 514: i-iv, 1-59. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris levicollis (Dana, 1846)) Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. Papers From The Department Of Marine Biology Of The Carnegie Institution Of Washington. 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris clementei Nemenzo, 1955) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris haimei Quelch, 1886) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia levicollis Dana, 1846) Cairns, S.D. (1991). Catalog of the type specimens of stony corals (Milleporidae, Stylasteridae, Scleractinia) in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithson. Contr. Zool. 514: i-iv, 1-59. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia speciosa Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia (Undaria) speciosa Dana, 1846) Cairns, S.D. (1991). Catalog of the type specimens of stony corals (Milleporidae, Stylasteridae, Scleractinia) in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithson. Contr. Zool. 514: i-iv, 1-59. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia (Undaria) levicollis Dana, 1846) Cairns, S.D. (1991). Catalog of the type specimens of stony corals (Milleporidae, Stylasteridae, Scleractinia) in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithson. Contr. Zool. 514: i-iv, 1-59. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and encrusting. They may form perfect discs or vases with very long and even, concentric valleys (the classical "speciosa" form), or they may develop irregularly contorted sheets with short, broken series, one fairly extreme example of which is illustrated. This degree of contortion, however, stops short of fully ramose development seen in some P. rugosa, but without a lens to examine the columella these may be mistaken for the latter. This is a common species, found mostly in deeper water, mainly on steep to sheer reef walls between 20 to 45 m deep, or in other darker reef habitats. It is mostly limited to clearer water areas, and it commonly coexists with Leptoseris. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are unifacial laminae, usually horizontal, but may develop upright ridges or columns. More than one row of corallites may occur between ridges. Columellae are absent. Colour: pale brown to deep grey. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, colonies are seldom over 2 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Colonies plate-like (or partly encrusting) with marked linear arrangement of the inter-corallite septo-costae. The pronounced ridges, which are concentric to the margin of the colony, are distinctive. Colour: beige, grey or light brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef bases. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986) [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionomolgus lanceolatus Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia exigua Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia exigua Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia lamellispinosa Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia lamellispinosa Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorserpent coral  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorリュウモンサンゴ  [details]