WoRMS banner

WoRMS RSS feed RSS
Add search provider Add provider
Twitter: Latest updates @WRMarineSpecies

WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846) 
AphiaID: 207293

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgariciidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Synonymised
names
  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPachyseris levicollis (Dana)
Sources  original description Dana, J.D. 1846-1849. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740, 61 pls. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorserpent coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionomolgus lanceolatus Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia exigua Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia lamellispinosa Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia exigua Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia lamellispinosa Humes & Ho, 1968 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (4 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (28 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (3 nucleotides; 3 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies in the Red Sea are foliaceous and encrusting. They may form perfect discs or vases with very long and even, concentric valleys (the classical "speciosa" form), or they may develop irregularly contorted sheets with short, broken series, one fairly extreme example of which is illustrated. This degree of contortion, however, stops short of fully ramose development seen in some P. rugosa, but without a lens to examine the columella these may be mistaken for the latter. This is a common species, found mostly in deeper water, mainly on steep to sheer reef walls between 20 to 45 m deep, or in other darker reef habitats. It is mostly limited to clearer water areas, and it commonly coexists with Leptoseris. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)

Colonies are unifacial laminae, usually horizontal, but may develop upright ridges or columns. More than one row of corallites may occur between ridges. Columellae are absent. Colour: pale brown to deep grey. Abundance: common over a wide range of habitats, colonies are seldom over 2 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)

Colonies plate-like (or partly encrusting) with marked linear arrangement of the inter-corallite septo-costae. The pronounced ridges, which are concentric to the margin of the colony, are distinctive. Colour: beige, grey or light brown. Habitat: diverse, including reef bases. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Type locality: "East Indies" (Veron, 1986) [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207293
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-06-02 12:39:27Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
[Taxonomic tree] [Occurrence map] [Google] [Google scholar] [Google images]
  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Pachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207293 on 2014-07-11
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License