WoRMS taxon details

Porites lutea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851

207246  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207246)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 7. Monographie des Poritides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 16: 21-70. [details]   
Type locality contained in Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Note Fiji (Veron, 1986). Spelled P. luta in Sloan...  
From other sources
Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). Spelled P. luta in Sloan et al. (1979). [details]
Description Colonies reach several metres across when fully grown. They are basically hemispherical, but in moderately or strongly...  
Description Colonies reach several metres across when fully grown. They are basically hemispherical, but in moderately or strongly sedimented conditions tend to develop thick, upward growing columns. Important comparative features are that in P. lutea the septal triplet fuse to form a trident, and calices are smaller and walls usually thicker than in P. solida. Also, calices have five or six large pali which help to distinguish this from P. solida. This species is very widespread. It is at its most abundant in sheltered areas such as on back reef slopes of patch reefs and in bays, where huge colonies cover over 75% of the substrate over thousands of square metres, between the surface and 15 m deep. These colonies tend to be columnar in shape, a condition which seems to be initiated by sedimentation into depressions of the surface of the coral and death of the covered sections (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are hemispherical or helmet-shaped and may be very large. The surface is usually smooth. Colour: usually cream or yellow but may be bright colours in shallow water. Abundance: very common and occurs with P. lobata and P. australiensis on back reef margins, lagoons and fringing reefs (Veron, 1986).
Characteristic of the massive species, which are difficult to tell apart. Colonies are hemispherical, often very large, and may be undercut at the base. The outer surface may be loosely folded in flat mounds and ridges but is smooth in texture. Corallites are 1-1.5 mm in diameter. Colour: usually varies from pale grey to yellow, lime-green or pink. Habitat: shallow lagoons, where they may form micro-atolls, and fringing reefs (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2019). World List of Scleractinia. Porites lutea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207246 on 2019-09-18
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed
2014-04-22 14:12:20Z
changed
2015-10-20 11:19:29Z
changed

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original description Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 7. Monographie des Poritides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 16: 21-70. [details]   

original description  (of Porites tenuis Verrill, 1866) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103663#page/255/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Porites conglomerata var. lutea Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) Quoy, J.R.C.; J.P. Gaimard. (1833). Zoologie IV: Zoophytes. In:Zoologie. Voyage de la corvette l'Astrolabe : exécuté par ordre du roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829 / sous le commandement de J. Dumont d'Urville. pp. 1-390. Paris, J. Tastu., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18513#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora arenosa Esper, 1797) Esper, E.J.C. (1797). Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (of Porites arenosa (Esper, 1797)) Esper, E.J.C. (1797). Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (of Porites arenosa var. lutea Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner JS (1898) On the perforate corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898: 257-276, pls. 23-24. [details]   

original description  (of Porites haddoni Vaughan, 1918) Vaughan, T.W. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]   

original description  (of Porites (Porites) lutea Milne Edwards, 1860) Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (of Porites arenosa var. lutea Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) Quoy, J.R.C.; J.P. Gaimard. (1833). Zoologie IV: Zoophytes. In:Zoologie. Voyage de la corvette l'Astrolabe : exécuté par ordre du roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829 / sous le commandement de J. Dumont d'Urville. pp. 1-390. Paris, J. Tastu., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18513#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Porites lutea haddoni Vaughan, 1918) Vaughan, T.W. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]   

original description  (of Porites arenosa var. parvistella Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner JS (1898) On the perforate corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1898: 257-276, pls. 23-24. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Ang, P. O.; McCorry, D.; Si, C. C. L. (2003). Establishing a reference collection and field guides for Hong Kong scleractinian coral. <em>Final report submitted to the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.</em>  [details]   

basis of record Veron, J. E. N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

status source Milne Edwards H (1860) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 3: 1-560. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies reach several metres across when fully grown. They are basically hemispherical, but in moderately or strongly sedimented conditions tend to develop thick, upward growing columns. Important comparative features are that in P. lutea the septal triplet fuse to form a trident, and calices are smaller and walls usually thicker than in P. solida. Also, calices have five or six large pali which help to distinguish this from P. solida. This species is very widespread. It is at its most abundant in sheltered areas such as on back reef slopes of patch reefs and in bays, where huge colonies cover over 75% of the substrate over thousands of square metres, between the surface and 15 m deep. These colonies tend to be columnar in shape, a condition which seems to be initiated by sedimentation into depressions of the surface of the coral and death of the covered sections (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are hemispherical or helmet-shaped and may be very large. The surface is usually smooth. Colour: usually cream or yellow but may be bright colours in shallow water. Abundance: very common and occurs with P. lobata and P. australiensis on back reef margins, lagoons and fringing reefs (Veron, 1986).
Characteristic of the massive species, which are difficult to tell apart. Colonies are hemispherical, often very large, and may be undercut at the base. The outer surface may be loosely folded in flat mounds and ridges but is smooth in texture. Corallites are 1-1.5 mm in diameter. Colour: usually varies from pale grey to yellow, lime-green or pink. Habitat: shallow lagoons, where they may form micro-atolls, and fringing reefs (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Type locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). Spelled P. luta in Sloan et al. (1979). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English hump coral  [details]
Japanese コブハマサンゴ  [details]