WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula spirula (Linnaeus, 1758)

141548  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141548)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 170 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNautilus spirula Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 710 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution circum-(sub)tropical  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution circum-(sub)tropical [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Westrern Atlantic: Cape Cod to the West Indies  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Westrern Atlantic: Cape Cod to the West Indies [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Tropical and subtropical oceanic waters...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Tropical and subtropical oceanic waters worldwide, where the water temperature at 400 m is 10ºC or warmer [details]
Finn, J.; Hayward, B.; Gofas, S. (2016). Spirula spirula (Linnaeus, 1758). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141548 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-04-07 06:42:23Z
changed
2008-08-21 17:03:20Z
checked
2016-02-05 08:54:36Z
changed
2016-06-02 22:13:13Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 170 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNautilus spirula Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 710 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula australis Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck J.B.P.A. de M. de. (1816). Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Vingt troisième partie. Mollusques et polypes divers. Mme Veuve Agasse, Paris. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/63299#/summary
page(s): pl. 465, fig. 5a,b [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula peronii Lamarck, 1822) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1822). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome septième. Paris: published by the Author, 711 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47433
page(s): 601 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLituus laevis Gray, 1849) Gray, J.E. (1849). Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum I: Cephalopoda antepedia. London: British Museum. 164 pages., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47563
page(s): 116 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dautzenberg, Ph. (1923). Liste préliminaire des mollusques marins de Madagascar et description de deux espèces nouvelles. J. conchyliol. 68: 21-74 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg., available online at http://books.google.es/books?id=W_2QB8ftLgcC [details]   

additional source Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Abbott R. T. (1974). American seashells. The marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America. ed. 2. Van Nostrand, New York. 663 pp., 24 pls. [October 1974]. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219. in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   

additional source Judkins, H. L., M. Vecchione, and C. F. E. Roper. 2009. Cephalopoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 701–709 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Rosenberg, G. 1992. Encyclopedia of Seashells. Dorset: New York. 224 pp.
page(s): 179 [details]   

additional source Hayward, B. W. (1976). Spirula (Sepioidea:Cephalopoda) from the lower Miocene of Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand (note. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. 19, 145-147.
note: fossil record from early Miocene [details]   

additional source Reid, A. (2005). Family Spirulidae. pp. 211-212, in P. Jereb & C.F.E. Roper eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date. Volume 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes [Rome, FAO]. 4(1): 262 pp. 9 pls.
page(s): 211 [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNautilus spirula Linnaeus, 1758) Reid, A. (2005). Family Spirulidae. pp. 211-212, in P. Jereb & C.F.E. Roper eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date. Volume 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes [Rome, FAO]. 4(1): 262 pp. 9 pls.
page(s): 211 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLituus laevis Gray, 1849) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula peroni Lamarck, 1822) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula fragilis Lamarck, 1801) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula prototypus Péron, 1804) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula australis Lamarck, 1816) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula blakei Lönnberg, 1896) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirula reticulata Owen, 1848) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirulea prototypos Péron, 1807) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution circum-(sub)tropical [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Westrern Atlantic: Cape Cod to the West Indies [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Tropical and subtropical oceanic waters worldwide, where the water temperature at 400 m is 10ºC or warmer [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat This is a mesopelagic species, inhabiting from 600 to 700 m during the day and found in depths less than 300 m at night. Capture of young at depths between 1 000 and 1 750 m suggests that females possibly lay eggs on the bottom of continental slopes [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat oceanic, pelagic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLength Rarely exceeds 45 mm mantle length. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy a possible synonym might be Stoa ammonitiformis de Serres, 1855 [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorposthoreninktvis  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorram's horn squidUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorram's horn shellUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorram's horn  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspirule  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorトグロコウイカ  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorespírula  [details]