WoRMS taxon details

Salpa Forskål, 1775

137233  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137233)

accepted
Genus
Salpa maxima Forskål, 1775 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Salpa aspera Chamisso, 1819
Species Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804
Species Salpa gerlachei Van Beneden & De Selys-Longchamps, 1913
Species Salpa maxima Forskål, 1775
Species Salpa thompsoni Foxton, 1961
Species Salpa tuberculata Metcalf, 1918
Species Salpa younti van Soest, 1973

Species Salpa amphoraeformis Lesson, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa antarctica Meyen, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa antheliphora Péron & Lesueur, 1807 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa bicornis Chamisso, 1819 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa biennis Blainville, 1827 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa bipartita Bory de St. Vincent, 1804 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa cyanogaster Péron & Lesueur, 1807 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa dubia sensu Lesson, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa fasciata Forskål, 1775 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa laevis Lesson, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa lineata Lesson, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa mollis Herdman, 1888 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa polymorpha Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa rubrolineata Lesson, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa sipho Forskål, 1775 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa solitaria Forskål, 1775 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa suborbicularis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa triangularis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Salpa tricuspidata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 (taxon inquirendum)

Subgenus Salpa (Apsteinia) Metcalf, 1918 accepted as Ihlea Metcalf, 1919 (genus transfer and status change)
Subgenus Salpa (Broosksia) Metcalf, 1918 accepted as Brooksia Metcalf, 1918 (genus transfer and status change)
Subgenus Salpa (Cyclosalpa) Blainville, 1827 accepted as Cyclosalpa de Blainville, 1827 (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Salpa (Cyclosalpa) bakeri Ritter, 1905 accepted as Cyclosalpa bakeri Ritter, 1905 (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Salpa (Cyclosalpa) pinnata (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and status ch)
Subgenus Salpa (Iasis) Savigny, 1816 accepted as Iasis Savigny, 1816 (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Salpa (Iasis) zonaria (Pallas, 1774) accepted as Soestia zonaria (Pallas, 1774) (genus transfer)
Subgenus Salpa (Pegea) Savigny, 1816 accepted as Pegea Savigny, 1816 (genus transfer and status change)
Subgenus Salpa (Ritteria) Metcalf, 1918 accepted as Ritteriella Metcalf, 1919 (genus transfer and status change)
Subgenus Salpa (Thalia) Blumenbach, 1798 accepted as Thalia Blumenbach, 1798 (genus transfer and status change)
Subgenus Salpa (Thetys) Tilesius, 1802 accepted as Thetys Tilesius, 1802 (genus transfer and status change)
  » Species Salpa (Thetys) vagina Tilesius, 1802 accepted as Thetys vagina Tilesius, 1802 (genus transfer)
Subgenus Salpa (Traustedtia) Metcalf, 1918 accepted as Traustedtia Metcalf, 1918 (genus transfer and status change)
Species Salpa affinis Chamisso, 1819 accepted as Cyclosalpa affinis (Chamisso, 1819) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa africana Forskål, 1775 accepted as Salpa maxima Forskål, 1775 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa amboinensis Apstein, 1904 accepted as Ritteriella amboinensis (Apstein, 1904) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa asymmetrica Fowler, 1896 accepted as Ihlea punctata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa bicaudata Quoy & Gaimard, 1826 accepted as Pegea bicaudata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1826) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa birostrata Blainville, 1827 accepted as Salpa maxima Forskål, 1775 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa caboti Desor, 1848 accepted as Thalia democratica (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa caudata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and nomen oblitum)
Species Salpa clostra Milne Edwards, 1828 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa coerulea Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa coerulescens Chamisso, 1819 accepted as Iasis cylindrica (Cuvier, 1804) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa confoederata Forskål, 1775 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa costata Quoy & Gaimard, 1825 accepted as Thetys vagina Tilesius, 1802 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa cristata Cuvier, 1804 accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa cyanea Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa cylindrica Cuvier, 1804 accepted as Iasis cylindrica (Cuvier, 1804) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa cymbiola Dall, 1871 accepted as Iasis cylindrica (Cuvier, 1804) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa democratica Forskål, 1775 accepted as Thalia democratica (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa democratica-mucronata Forskål, 1775 accepted as Thalia democratica (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa dolicosoma Todaro, 1884 accepted as Helicosalpa virgula (Vogt, 1854) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa dolium Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa dubia Chamisso, 1819 accepted as Salpa maxima Forskål, 1775 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa echinata Herdman, 1888 accepted as Salpa aspera Chamisso, 1819 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa elongata Blainville, 1827 accepted as Iasis cylindrica (Cuvier, 1804) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa emarginata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa femoralis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa ferruginea Chamisso, 1819 accepted as Pegea socia (Bosc, 1802) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa flagellifera Traustedt, 1885 accepted as Thalia longicauda (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa floridana Apstein, 1894 accepted as Cyclosalpa floridana (Apstein, 1894) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa forskalii Lesson, 1830 accepted as Salpa maxima Forskål, 1775 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa garnotii Lesson, 1830 accepted as Iasis cylindrica (Cuvier, 1804) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa gibba Bosc, 1802 accepted as Pegea socia (Bosc, 1802) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa hensenii Traustedt, 1893 accepted as Traustedtia multitentaculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa herculea Dall, 1872 accepted as Thetys vagina Tilesius, 1802 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa informis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa longicauda Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Thalia longicauda (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa moniliformis Macculloch, 1819 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa monotoma Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Thalia rhomboides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa mucronata Forskål, 1775 accepted as Thalia democratica (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa multitentaculata Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Traustedtia multitentaculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa musculosa Herdman, 1888 accepted as Ihlea punctata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa neapolitana Della Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Thetys vagina Tilesius, 1802 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa nephodea Lesson, 1830 accepted as Pegea bicaudata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1826) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa nitida Herdman, 1888 accepted as Soestia zonaria (Pallas, 1774) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa octofora Cuvier, 1804 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa pelasgica Bosc, 1802 accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa picteti Apstein, 1904 accepted as Ritteriella picteti (Apstein, 1904) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa pinnata Forskål, 1775 accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa polycratica Forskål, 1775 accepted as Soestia zonaria (Pallas, 1774) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa proboscidalis Lesson, 1830 accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa punctata Forskål, 1775 accepted as Ihlea punctata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa pyramidalis sensu Quoy & Gaimard, 1834 accepted as Thalia rhomboides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa pyramidalis Lesson, 1832 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa quadrangularis Lesson, 1832 accepted as Soestia zonaria (Pallas, 1774) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa quadrata Herdman, 1888 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa retracta (Ritter, 1906) accepted as Ritteriella retracta (Ritter, 1906) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa rhomboides Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Thalia rhomboides (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa rostrata Traustedt, 1893 accepted as Brooksia rostrata (Traustedt, 1893) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa runcinata Chamisso, 1819 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa scutigera Cuvier, 1804 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa socia Bosc, 1802 accepted as Pegea socia (Bosc, 1802) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa spinosa Otto, 1823 accepted as Thalia democratica (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa thalia (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cyclosalpa pinnata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and nomen oblitum)
Species Salpa tilesii Cuvier, 1804 accepted as Thetys vagina Tilesius, 1802 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa tricuspida Lesson, 1832 accepted as Soestia zonaria (Pallas, 1774) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa tricuspidata Sars, 1829 accepted as Salpa fusiformis Cuvier, 1804 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa vaginata Chamisso, 1819 accepted as Salpa aspera Chamisso, 1819 (junior synonym)
Species Salpa verrucosa Apstein, 1894 accepted as Traustedtia multitentaculata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa virgula Vogt, 1854 accepted as Helicosalpa virgula (Vogt, 1854) (genus transfer)
Species Salpa vivipara Péron & Lesueur, 1807 accepted as Pegea confoederata (Forskål, 1775) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Salpa zonaria (Pallas, 1774) accepted as Soestia zonaria (Pallas, 1774) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   
Taxonomy The genus name Thalia Blumenbach, 1798 was first used for Salpa pinnata Forskål, 1775 (now Cyclosalpa pinnata) making...  
Taxonomy The genus name Thalia Blumenbach, 1798 was first used for Salpa pinnata Forskål, 1775 (now Cyclosalpa pinnata) making Thalia technically a senior synonym of Salpa. The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ruled under Plenary Powers that Salpa maxima is the type species of Salpa Forskål and Salpa democratica is the type species of Thalia (see: Melville, 1969 in Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 26 (3): 136-138). [details]
Madin, L. (2018). World List of Thaliacea. Salpa Forskål, 1775. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137233 on 2018-11-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2013-02-21 19:05:30Z
changed
2013-03-08 14:00:29Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri.[alternative spelling Forsskål is also correct]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofBiphora Bruguière, 1789) Bruguière, J. G. (1789-1792). Encyclopédie méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers. <em>volume 1. Pancoucke, Paris.</em> Pp. 1-344 [June 1789]; 345-758 [13 Feb. 1792; dates after Evenhuis, 2003, <i>Zootaxa</i>, 166: 37; <i>Zootaxa</i>, 207]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8638 [details]   

original description  (ofDagysa Banks & Solander in Hawkesworth, 1773) Hawkesworth, J. 1773. An account of the voyages undertaken by the order of his present majesty for making discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere, and successively performed by Commodore Byron, Captain Carteret, Captain Wallis, and Captain Cook, in the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour: drawn up from the journals which were kept by the several commanders, and from the papers of Joseph Banks, Esq. In three volumes. Vols. II and III. Strahan & Cadell, in the Strand, London., available online at http://southseas.nla.gov.au/journals/hv23/title.html [details]   

basis of record Kott, P. (1998). Tunicata. <em>Zoological Catalogue of Australia.</em> 34: pp.51-252, 259-261 (App. 1-3), 265-292 (Index). [details]   

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (1974). A revision of the genera <i>Salpa</i> Forskål, 1775, <I>Pegea</i> Savigny, 1816, and <i>Ritteriella</i> Metcalf, 1919 (Tunicata, Thaliacea). <em>Beaufortia.</em> 22 (293): 153-191. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source van der Land, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Thaliacea, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 355-356 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy The genus name Thalia Blumenbach, 1798 was first used for Salpa pinnata Forskål, 1775 (now Cyclosalpa pinnata) making Thalia technically a senior synonym of Salpa. The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature ruled under Plenary Powers that Salpa maxima is the type species of Salpa Forskål and Salpa democratica is the type species of Thalia (see: Melville, 1969 in Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 26 (3): 136-138). [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese トガリサルパ  [details]