WoRMS taxon details

Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758

135209  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:135209)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Depth range 55-1950 m  
Depth range 55-1950 m [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan  
Distribution cosmopolitan [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2021). World List of Scleractinia. Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135209 on 2021-10-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-08-08 07:18:22Z
changed
2019-08-22 12:04:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Madrepora kauaiensis Vaughan, 1907) Vaughan TW. (1907). Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. <em>US National Museum Bulletin.</em> 59 (9): 1-427. [details]   

original description  (of Cyathohelia formosa Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia investigatoris Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. VI Madreporaria. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora alcocki Faustino, 1927) Faustino LA. (1927). Recent Madreporaria of the Philippine Islands. <em>Bureau of Science Manila Monograph.</em> 22: 1-310, pls. 1-100. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora vitiae Squires & Keyes, 1967) Squires DF, Keyes IW. (1967). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinian corals. <em>New Zealand Department of Scientiic and Industrial Research Bulletin.</em> 185: 1-46, pls. 1-6. [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia tenuis Moseley, 1880) Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Amphihelia (Diplohelia) moresbyi Alcock, 1898) Alcock A. (1898). An account of the deep-sea Madreporaria collected by the Royal Indian Marine Survey Ship "Investigator". <em>Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta.</em> pp. 1-29, pls. 1-3., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.27614 [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora oculata f. galapagensis Vaughan, 1906) Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. VI Madreporaria. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Amphelia venusta Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1850) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 5. Monographie des oculinides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 13: 63-110, pls. 3-4., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13434560 [details]   

original description  (of Lophohelia candida Moseley, 1880) Moseley, H.N. (1881 [1880]). Report on certain hydroid, alcyonarian, and madreporarian corals procured during the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, in the years 1873–1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 2 (part 7): 1-248, pl. Hydrocorallinae 1-14, Helioporidae 1-2, Madreporaria 1-16., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-07/README.htm [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Cairns, Stephen (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Bermuda) Cairns, S. D. (2000). A revision of the shallow-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia of the western Atlantic (Bermuda references - pp. 26-29). Studies on the Natural History of the Caribbean Region, 75: 1-231 [details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1984). New records of ahermatypic corals (Scleractinia) from the Hawaiian and Line Islands. <em>Occasional Papers of the Bishop Musem.</em> 25(10): 1-30. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Keller NB. (1993). New taxa and distributional records of azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the tropical south-west Indian Ocean, with comments on their zoogeography and ecology. <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 103(5): 213-292, 13 pls. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Jaap WC, Lang JC. (2009). Scleractinia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico. <em>In: Felder DL. Camp DK (eds.) Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.</em> Pp. 333–347. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD. (1998). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. <em>Records of the Western Australian Museum.</em> 18(4): 361-417. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (2004). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 56(3): 259-329. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1999). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. <em>in: Crosnier, A. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 20. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 180: 31-167. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1995). The marine fauna of New Zealand: Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa. <em>New Zealand Oceanographic Memoir.</em> 103: 1-210. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1977). A checklist of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Gulf of Mexico, with the description of a new species. <em>Gulf Research Reports.</em> 6 (1): 9-15., available online at https://aquila.usm.edu/gcr/vol6/iss1/2/ [details]   

additional source Cairns SD. (1991). A revision of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 504: 1-32, pls. 1-12. [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   

additional source Brito A, Ocaña O. (2004). Corals of the Canary Islands. Skeleton anthozoans of the littoral and deep bottoms. <em>Francisco Lemus, La Laguna.</em> 1-477 pp. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV. (2007). Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81 (3): 497-518. [details]   

additional source Keller NB, Os'kina NS. (2008). Habitat temperature ranges of azooxantellate scleractinian corals in the World Ocean. <em>Oceanology.</em> 48 (1): 77-84., available online at https://doi.org/10.1134/s0001437008010098 [details]   

additional source Pires DE. (2007). The azooxanthellate coral fauna of Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81:265-272. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cordeiro RTS, Barbosa RV, Pires D Sumida PYG. (2020). Brazilian Deep-Sea Corals. In: Sumida PYG, Bernardino AF, De Léo FC (eds) Brazilian Deep-Sea Biodiversity. <em>Brazilian Marine Biodiversity. Volume 3. Springer, Cham.</em> pp. 73-107., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53222-2_4 [details]   

additional source Santodomingo, N.; Reyes, J.; Flórez, P.; Chacón-Gómez, I.C.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Hoeksema, B.W. (2012). Diversity and distribution of azooxanthellate corals in the Colombian Caribbean. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> 43(1): 7-22., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-012-0131-6 [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV, Cairns SD. (2021). Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from New Caledonia. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 215:1-722. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD, Zibrowius H. (1997). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. <em>in: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 172: 27-244. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Zibrowius H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. <em>Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco.</em> 11: 1-284, pls. 1-117. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns SD. (1982). Antarctic and Subantarctic Scleractinia. <em>Antarctic Research Series.</em> 34: 1-74. [details]   

redescription Cairns SD. (1979). The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean and adjacent waters. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands.</em> 57:1-341. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Cairns SD. (1994). Scleractinia of the temperate North Pacific. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 557: 1-150. [details]   

ecology source Roberts, J.M., A. Wheeler, A. Freiwald, and S.D. Cairns, 2009. Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 334 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology azooxanthellate [details]

Depth range 55-1950 m [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan [details]

Habitat shelf to slope [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English white coralocular coral  [details]
German Weiße KoralleAugenkoralle  [details]
Madrepora oculata, 750 m Roatan, Honduras.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA DeepCAST I Expedition. Identification by P. Etnoyer.
 

Madrepora oculata, 823 m St. Augustine Pinnacle, South Atlantic Bight.

Photograph courtesy of S. Brooke et al., NOAA-OE, HBOI. Identification by S. Brooke.
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (Madrepora oculata (1) 47499)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Madrepora oculata 47499)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]