WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia viridis (Linnaeus, 1767)

130639

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130639

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia annulata Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia virens Ehlers, 1864 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumidia vivida Verrill, 1873 (subjective synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis viridis Linnaeus, 1767 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis viridis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 086 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Claimed Arctic; Gulf of St. Lawrence to New...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Claimed Arctic; Gulf of St. Lawrence to New Jersey; Alaska to Oregon; Japan, China, Indian Ocean. Such a wide distribution needs further examination. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2010). Eulalia viridis (Linnaeus, 1767). In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130639 on 2017-11-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-11-28 20:29:45Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce gervillei Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1833). Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris, sér. 1. 29: 195-269., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29342#page/199/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia brevisetis Saint-Joseph, 1899) Saint-Joseph, Arthur d’Anthoine de. (1899). Annélides polychètes de la rade de Brest et de Paimpol. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie et Paléontologie, Série 8. 10: 161-194, plate VI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/111176#page/171/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia virens Ehlers, 1864) Ehlers, E. 1864. Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Volume 1. 1-268. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2081 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumidia vivida Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis viridis Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 086 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia annulata Verrill, 1873) Verrill, A.E. (1873). XVIII. Report upon the invertebrate animals of Vineyard Sound and the adjacent waters, with an account of the physical characters of the region. Report on the condition of the sea fisheries of the south coast of New England [later becomes Reports of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries]. 1: 295-778 pls. 1-38., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12087501 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia (Eumida) microceros Claparède, 1868) Claparède, É. (1868). Les annélides chétopodes du Golfe de Naples. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève. 19(2): 313-584, plates I-XVI., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50163#page/375/mode/1up
page(s): 557-558, plate XVI fig. 4 [details]   

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Hartman, O. 1942. The identity of some marine annelid worms in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 92(3142): 101-140., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/53694#page/127/mode/1up [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M.H. 1952 MS. Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 32 p. [details]   

additional source Malmgren, A. J. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(1): 51-110., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/61/mode/1up [details]   

additional source McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

additional source Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription Bonse, Susanne; Schmidt, Hartmut; Eibye-jacobsen, Danny; Westheide, Wilfried. (1996). Eulalia viridis (Polychaeta: Phyllodocidae) is a complex of two species in northern Europe: Results from biochemical and morphological analyses. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 37(1), 33-48., available online at http://application.sb-roscoff.fr/cbm/article.htm?execution=e7s1&_eventId=viewarticle&articleId=5776
note: Redescription via neotype [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce gervillei Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia virens Ehlers, 1864) Bobretzky, N. (1868). [Bristle worms (Annulata Chaetopoda) Bay of Sebastopol] [Original] Щетинконогие черви (Annulata Chaetopoda) Севастопольской бухты. Verhandlunger der Naturforschender Versammlung, St.Petersburg, Ser. Zoologie [also Russian journal title: Труды 1-го съезда русских естествоиспытателей в Санкт-Петербурге, Отдел зоологии (Proceedings of the 1st Congress of Russian Naturalists in St. Petersburg, Department of Zoology)]. 137-160, plates 1-2 [In Russian].
page(s): p.152; note: record [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce gervillei Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia brevisetis Saint-Joseph, 1899) Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia (Eumida) microceros Claparède, 1868) Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris. 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis viridis Linnaeus, 1767) Bergström, Erik. (1914). Zur Systematik der Polychætenfamilie der Phyllodociden. Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala. 3: 37-224, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36924250 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis viridis Linnaeus, 1767) Bonse, Susanne; Schmidt, Hartmut; Eibye-jacobsen, Danny; Westheide, Wilfried. (1996). Eulalia viridis (Polychaeta: Phyllodocidae) is a complex of two species in northern Europe: Results from biochemical and morphological analyses. Cahiers de Biologie Marine. 37(1), 33-48., available online at http://application.sb-roscoff.fr/cbm/article.htm?execution=e7s1&_eventId=viewarticle&articleId=5776
page(s): 37; note: As Eulalia viridis. No original type. Neotype designated. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia annulata Verrill, 1873) Pettibone, Marian H. (1963). Marine polychaete worms of the New England region. I. Aphroditidae through Trochochaetidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 227(1): 1-356., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/33229#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEulalia virens Ehlers, 1864) McIntosh, W.C. 1908. A monograph of British Annelids. Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumidia vivida Verrill, 1873) Hartman, O. 1942. The identity of some marine annelid worms in the United States National Museum. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 92(3142): 101-140., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/53694#page/127/mode/1up [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) BU. (2013). Provision of services for field sampling, species identification and data analysis of benthic faunal communities of Hong Kong marin waters. Final report submitted to EPD. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeotype [from synonym] ZMUC POL-428, locality Skagerrak (Klinken (narrow sound between islands of Rasso and Salto), south of Tjarno, West Sweden coast, Skagerrak, estimated (Gazetteer) as 58.8580, 11.1677) [view taxon]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Claimed Arctic; Gulf of St. Lawrence to New Jersey; Alaska to Oregon; Japan, China, Indian Ocean. Such a wide distribution needs further examination. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIdentification E. viridis (L.) is a boreal species. According to Bonse et al. (1996), specimens obtained from the English Channel, Normandy,and also from Newcastle upon Tyne are referable to E. clavigera (Audouin & Milne-Edwards, 1833), but specimens from Denmark and Northern Germany were indeed Eulalia viridis. Obviously determinations to either species in these areas of possible overlap need to be made carefully. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy As a consequence of the study of Bonse et al (1996), subjective synonyms from the Mediterranean area such as Eulalia (Eumida) microceros and Eulalia virens, or from NW France such as Phyllodoce gervillei and Eulalia brevisetis are doubtful and may instead be Eulalia clavigera or even independently valid, but re-evaluations of these taxa are not yet available [G.Read, Feb.2015] [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
 

Feeding Type
predator [details]
scavenger [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereicola concinna T. Scott, 1902 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgroene bladkieuwworm  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgreenleaf worm  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrüner Blattwurm  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorサミドリサシバ  [details]