WoRMS taxon details

Capitella Blainville, 1828

129211  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129211)

accepted
Genus
Branchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932 (subjective synonym)
Capitellides Mesnil, 1897 (subjective synonym)
Capitomastus Eisig, 1887 (subjective synonym)
Isomastus Gravier, 1911 (Subjective synonym)
Matla Stephenson, 1908 (subjective synonym)
Valla Johnston, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella aberranta Hartman & Fauchald, 1971
Species Capitella aciculata (Hartman, 1959)
Species Capitella ambonensis Pamungkas, 2017
Species Capitella aracaensis Silva & Amaral, 2017
Species Capitella biota Silva & Amaral, 2017
Species Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780)
Species Capitella caribaeorum Warren & George, 1986
Species Capitella dizonata Johnson, 1901
Species Capitella giardi (Mesnil, 1897)
Species Capitella gracilis (Verrill, 1880)
Species Capitella hermaphrodita Boletzky & Dohle, 1967
Species Capitella iatapiuna Silva, Shimabukuro, Alfaro-Lucas, Fujiwara, Sumida & Amaral, 2016
Species Capitella jonesi (Hartman, 1959)
Species Capitella minima Langerhans, 1880
Species Capitella neoaciculata Silva & Seixas, 2017
Species Capitella nonatoi Silva & Amaral, 2017
Species Capitella ovincola Hartman, 1947
Species Capitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911)
Species Capitella singularis (Fauvel, 1932)
Species Capitella teleta Blake, Grassle & Eckelbarger, 2009
Species Capitella teres (Treadwell, 1939)

Species Capitella perarmatus (Gravier, 1911) represented as Capitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911)
Species Capitella tripartita Hartman, 1961 represented as Capitella capitata tripartita Hartman, 1961

Species Capitella costana Claparède, 1869 accepted as Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella fabricii Blainville, 1828 accepted as Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella filiformis Claparède, 1864 accepted as Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (superseded original combination)
Species Capitella fimbriata Van Beneden, 1857 accepted as Heteromastus filiformis (Claparède, 1864) (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella I [informal, 1976] accepted as Capitella teleta Blake, Grassle & Eckelbarger, 2009 (informal OTU)
Species Capitella intermedia Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella major Claparède, 1869 accepted as Notomastus profundus (Eisig, 1887) (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella prototypa Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella rubicunda Keferstein, 1862 accepted as Notomastus latericeus Sars, 1851 (subjective synonym)
Species Capitella similis Czerniavsky, 1881 accepted as Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]   
Description Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are...  
Description Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Distribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the...  
Distribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Capitella Blainville, 1828. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129211 on 2018-06-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-12-25 22:58:18Z
changed
2017-02-06 23:08:45Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Blainville, H. de. (1828). Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d'après l'état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l'utilité qu'en peuvent retirer la médicine, l'agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Suivi d'une biographie des plus célèbres naturalistes. F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris. Volume 57: 1-628., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81595#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 443 [details]   

original description  (ofCapitellides Mesnil, 1897) Mesnil, F. 1897. Note sur un capitellidien nouveau (Capitellides n.gen., giardi n.sp.). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 20: 441-443. [details]   

original description  (ofCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Eisig, H. 1887. Monographie der Capitelliden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden meeres-abschnitte nebst untersuchungen zur vergleichenden anatomie und physiologie. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte, 16: xxvi + 906 pp. + 37 plates., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.7348
page(s): 290 [details]   

original description  (ofIsomastus Gravier, 1911) Gravier, C. (1911). Expédition Antarctique Française du "Pourquoi-Pas", dirigée par le Dr. J.-B. Charcot (1908-1910). Espèces nouvelles d'annélides polychètes. Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. 17: 310-316., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/106649#page/348/mode/1up
page(s): 313-314 [details]   

original description  (ofMatla Stephenson, 1908) Stephenson, J. (1908). The fauna of brackish ponds at Port Canning, Lower Bengal. Part VIII.—Preliminary description of an oligochæte worm of uncertain position. Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 2(1): 39-42., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/109280#page/81/mode/1up
page(s): 39-42 [details]   

original description  (ofValla Johnston, 1865) Johnston, G. (1865). A catalogue of the British non-parasitical worms in the collection of the British Museum. [book]. 1-365. British Museum. London. [See also separate entry for Baird supplement]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/12291
page(s): 67 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126. 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Silva, C.F.; Shimabukuro, M.; Alfaro-Lucas, J.M.; Fujiwara, Y.; Sumida, P.Y.; Amaral, A.C. (2016). A new Capitella polychaete worm (Annelida: Capitellidae) living inside whale bones in the abyssal South Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 108: 23-31., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.004
page(s): 28-29; note: synoptic table for all the hitherto known species [details]   

identification resource Pamungkas, Joko. (2017). Capitella ambonensis: a new polychaete species (Annelida: Capitellidae) collected from a mangrove habitat on Ambon Island, Indonesia. Zootaxa. 4227(4): 573-582., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4227.4.7
page(s): 579; note: Table of characters of Capitella species [details]   

identification resource Silva, Camila F.; Seixas, Victor C.; Barroso, Rômulo; Di Domenico, Maikon; Amaral, Antonia C. Z.; Paiva, Paulo C. (2017). Demystifying the Capitella capitata complex (Annelida, Capitellidae) diversity by morphological and molecular data along the Brazilian coast. PLOS ONE. 12(5): e0177760., available online at http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/citation?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0177760
page(s): 7/32; note: Key to all Capitella [details]   

additional source  (ofCapitellides Mesnil, 1897) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Warren, Lynda M. (1991). Problems in capitellid taxonomy. The genera Capitella, Capitomastus and Capitellides (Polychaeta). Ophelia supplement. 5 (Systematics, Biology and Morphology of World Polychaeta): 275-282.
page(s): 281 [details]   

basis of record  (ofBranchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932) Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofBranchiocapitella Fauvel, 1932) Magalhães, Wagner F.; Bailey-Brock, Julie H. 2012. Capitellidae Grube, 1862 (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the Hawaiian Islands with description of two new species. Zootaxa *(3581): 1-52 , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/list/2012/3581.html
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source  (ofIsomastus Gravier, 1911) Gravier, C. 1911. Annélides polychètes recueillis par la Seconde Expéditon Antarctique Française (1908-1910). Deuxième Expédition Antarctique Française (1908-1910) Commandée par le Dr. Jean Charcot, 1: 1-165, 12 pls., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.12005
page(s): 113-122, plate VIII figs. 88-93, plate IX figs. 94-108 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofCapitellides Mesnil, 1897) Warren, Lynda M. (1991). Problems in capitellid taxonomy. The genera Capitella, Capitomastus and Capitellides (Polychaeta). Ophelia supplement. 5 (Systematics, Biology and Morphology of World Polychaeta): 275-282.
page(s): 281 [details]   

status source  (ofCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf
page(s): 33 [details]   

additional source  (ofCapitomastus Eisig, 1887) Nomenclator Zoologicus Online. , available online at http://uio.mbl.edu/NomenclatorZoologicus/ [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofValla Johnston, 1865) McIntosh, W.C. 1912. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. No. 33. 1. On a white Porpoise. 2. On the spawning of the Hake (Merluccius merluccius, L.). 3. On Eteone depressa Mgrn., var., a species not hitherto found in Britain. 4. On Nereis zonata Mgrn. in Britain. 5. On the British Capitellidae (Halelminthidae). 6. On the Capitellidae procured by H.M.S. 'Porcupine'. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10: 117-130.
page(s): 124; note: Valla noted as a synonym of Capitella [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIsomastus Gravier, 1911) Hartman, O. 1947. Polychaetous annelids. Part VII. Capitellidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions, 10(4/5): 391-481., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/26531#page/407/mode/1up
page(s): 400, 404 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Description Two twin species can be found in the North Sea: Capitella capitata and Capitella minima. These two species are morphologically very hard to distinguish from each other, hence we speak of a Capitella complex. Capitella looks like earthworms because the exterior appendages (parapodia and gills) are very much reduced. The body is rather fragile and may contract and/or expand. The head is built rather simply and tapers conically. The colour of the living specimens is purple. [details]

Distribution Barring a single exception the distribution of Capitella capitata/minima is limited to the near-coastal zone. In the 1976-1986 period the complex was found in the entire near-coastal zone with a low frequency of occurrence. In the 1994-2001 period the complex of species had a higher relative
occurence, but its distribution was limited to the western near-coastal zone. Its maximum density
increased from 40 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period to 700 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. [details]

Habitat Capitella capitata/minima is found in all sediment types present on the Belgian part of the North Sea. Although this species occurs in very fine to coarse sediments, it tends to prefer fine-grained sediments with a median grain size of 50-250 µm. Capitella capitata/minima is almost completely absent in sediments without mud. The maximum relative occurrence (> 60%) is observed in sediments with a mud content of 10-20% whereas C. capitata/minima has a relative occurrence of 20 to 30% in sediments with higher mud contents. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch slangpier  [details]
French capitelle  [details]