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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela clava Herdman, 1881 
AphiaID: 103929

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunicata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidiacea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolidobranchia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyelidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela Fleming, 1822
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBotryorchis clava (Herdman, 1881) (new combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela barnharti Ritter & Forsyth, 1917 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStyela mammiculata Carlisle, 1954 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTethyum clava (Herdman, 1881) (new combination)
Sources  original description Herdman, W.A. (1881) Preliminary report on the Tunicata of the Challenger expedition. Cynthiidae. Proc. R. Soc. Edinburgh, 11(3): 52-88 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorknotszakpijpUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorJapanse zakpijp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrough sea squirtUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorleathery sea squirtUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfolded sea squirt  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorascidie plisséeUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorascidie japonaise  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOstasiatische SeescheideUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFalten-Ascidie  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Brazil
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Brazil (introduced: alien[details]
Panama
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanama [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Australia
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorAustralia (introduced: alien[details]
Belgium
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgium (introduced: alien[details]
Black Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBlack Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Canada
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanada (introduced: alien[details]
Celtic Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCeltic Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Denmark
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorDenmark (introduced: alien[details]
English Channel
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorManche (introduced: alien[details]
France
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFrance (introduced: alien[details]
Germany
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGermany (introduced: alien[details]
Ireland
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIreland (introduced: alien[details]
Labrador Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorGreenlandic part of the Labrador Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFrench part of the Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (introduced: alien[details]
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorMediterranean Sea - Western Basin (introduced: alien[details]
Netherlands
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNetherlands (introduced: alien[details]
New Zealand
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNew Zealand (introduced: alien[details]
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Portugal
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPortugal (introduced: alien[details]
Sweden
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorSweden (introduced: alien[details]
United Kingdom
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited Kingdom (introduced: alien[details]
(no group)
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCanadian part of the Gulf of St-Lawrence (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBaltic sea (introduced: alien[details]
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Coast (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKnokke-Heist (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpuikom [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorZeebrugge [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBretagne [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDunkerque [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLe Havre [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRoscoff [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Netherlands
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGrevelingen [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth East Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast North Pacific [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest North Pacific [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGerman Bight (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOosterschelde [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArdrossan (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPlymouth [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Coast of England [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWales [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic Europe (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFrench Exclusive Economic Zone [Atlantic part] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-Pacific [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAscidicola rosea Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotodelphys elegans Thorell, 1859 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplostomella halocynthiae (Fukui, 1965) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplostoma kimi Seo & Lee, 2001 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEncyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS) - Styela clava 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGlobal invasive species database - Styela clava 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGuide to the exotic species of San Francisco bay - Styela clava 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (57 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (28 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (100 nucleotides; 92 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Chordata Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Fluctuating [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in English Channel (IHO Sea Area) : Common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Ireland (Nation) : Locally common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Ireland (Nation) : Locally common [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Sweden (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United Kingdom (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Denmark (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Denmark (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United Kingdom (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Human health [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Portugal (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Netherlands (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Australia (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Ireland (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Ireland (Nation) : Increasing [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Ireland (Nation) : Increasing [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark in Germany (Nation) : This paper does not represent a new record but establishes the invasiveness of the species at this location.  [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark in Ireland (Nation) : On leisure craft [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark in United Kingdom (Nation) : May affect aquaculture production [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Netherlands (Nation) : with oyster aquaculture [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : May affect aquaculture production [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United Kingdom (Nation) : Fouling impacts have been reported for the British Isles (Minchin et al. 2013). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in France (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : The probable mechanisms of introduction are: as juveniles transported attached to imported marketable shellfish (oysters) or attached to ships’ hulls or in sea chests. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Australia (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : Recreational equipment: accidental with recreational equipment [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Germany (Nation) : Introduction was possibly caused by natural dispersal from the March Water population 12 km away (questionable) or movement of boats, gear or product associated with the aquaculture industry or commercial fisheries within Malpeque Bay. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish
This basin is used intensively for oyster culture (Davis and Davis 2008). [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom (Nation) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in France (Nation) : Probably introduced with shellfish culture from Japan. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in France (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom (Nation) : The probable mechanisms of introduction are: as juveniles transported attached to imported marketable shellfish (oysters) or attached to ships’ hulls or in sea chests. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Sweden (Nation) : Ships: general [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Portugal (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Netherlands (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAlien species The folded sea squirt Styela clava originates from the Asian coasts. Transport through attachment on war ships brought the species to Europe, where it was first noticed in England around 1953.
In 1986 the first specimen was found on the Belgian coast, on a groyne at Knokke-Heist. Now, the species is found in the Sluice dock in Ostend and all ports and marinas in Belgium, except in Nieuwpoort. The folded sea squirt is mostly found along sheltered coasts, to a depth of 40 meters. The species has a great adaptability, and can tolerate large changes in temperature and salinity.  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution accidently introduced in England (around Plymouth) through Japonese oysters during the early fifties. At that time erroneously identified as Styela mammiculata (Carlisle, 1954) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublication date Herdman, 1882 [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103929
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Monniot, Claude
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z  checked  Sanamyan, Karen
2009-05-02 13:35:44Z  changed  Moreira da Rocha, Rosana
2010-12-03 08:36:28Z  changed  Gittenberger, Arjan
  
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  Citation: Gittenberger, A.; Moreira da Rocha, R.; Sanamyan, K. (2014). Styela clava Herdman, 1881. In: Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2014) Ascidiacea World Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103929 on 2014-09-17
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License