WoRMS taxon details

Styela clava Herdman, 1881

103929  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103929)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Herdman, W. A. (1881). Preliminary report on the Tunicata of the Challenger expedition. Cynthiidae. <em>Proceeding of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.</em> 11(3): 52-88., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/191353#page/68/mode/1up
page(s): 63, 70 [details]   
Distribution accidently introduced in England (around Plymouth) through Japonese oysters during the early fifties. At that time...  
Distribution accidently introduced in England (around Plymouth) through Japonese oysters during the early fifties. At that time erroneously identified as Styela mammiculata (Carlisle, 1954) [details]
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2018). Ascidiacea World Database. Styela clava Herdman, 1881. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103929 on 2018-12-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked
2009-05-02 13:35:44Z
changed
2010-12-03 08:36:28Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Herdman, W. A. (1881). Preliminary report on the Tunicata of the Challenger expedition. Cynthiidae. <em>Proceeding of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.</em> 11(3): 52-88., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/191353#page/68/mode/1up
page(s): 63, 70 [details]   

original description  (ofStyela barnharti Ritter & Forsyth, 1917) Ritter, W. E.; Forsyth, R. H. (1917). Ascidian of the littoral zone of southern California. <em>Univ. California Publ., Zool.</em> 16: 439-512. [details]   

original description  (ofStyela mammiculata Carlisle, 1954) Carlisle, D. B. (1954). Styela mammiculata n.sp., a new species of ascidian from the Plymouth area. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 33(2): 329-334. (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315400008365 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Morton B. & Morton JE. (1983). The sea shore ecology of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. [details]   

context source (Schelde) (2010). Bedreiging voor biodiversiteit. Indicatoren voor het Schelde-estuarium. <em>Opgemaakt in opdracht van Afdeling Maritieme Toegang, projectgroep EcoWaMorSe, Vlaams Nederlandse Scheldecommissie. VLIZ Information Sheets, 200. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende.</em> 7 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. <em>In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. <em>Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev.</em> 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

additional source Kott, P. (1985). The Australian Ascidiacea part 1, Phlebobranchia and Stolidobranchia. <em>Mem Qd Mus.</em> 23: 1-440., available online at http://biostor.org/reference/109626 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kott, P.; Bradford-Grieve, J.; Esnal, G.; Murdoch, R.C. (2009). Phylum Tunicata: sea squirts, salps, appendicularians, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 409-430. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Izquierdo-Muñoz, A.; Díaz-Valdés, M.; Ramos-Esplá, A.A. (2009). Recent non-indigenous ascidians in the Mediterranean Sea. <em>Aquatic Invasions.</em> 4(1): 59-64., available online at http://www.aquaticinvasions.net/2009/AI_2009_4_1_IzquierdoMunoz_etal.pdf [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Meric, E.; Verlaque, M.; Galli, P.; Boudouresque, C.-F.; Giangrande, A.; Cinar, M.; Bilecenoglu, M. (2008). Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 9(1): 119-165., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hillock, K. A.; Costello, M. J. (2013). Tolerance of the invasive tunicate Styela clava to air exposure. <em>Biofouling.</em> 29(10): 1181-1187., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2013.832221 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Stclav [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species abundance in Ireland (Nation) : Locally common [details]

Introduced species abundance in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Ireland (Nation) : Locally common [details]

Introduced species abundance in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Fluctuating [details]

Introduced species impact in Denmark (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Denmark (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Portugal (Nation) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species impact in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Australian part of the Bass Strait (Marine Region) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species impact in Dutch part of the North Sea : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species impact in Canada (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species impact in Australian part of the Bass Strait (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species impact in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region): Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Australian part of the Bass Strait (Marine Region) : Human health [details]

Introduced species impact in Australian part of the Bass Strait (Marine Region) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species impact in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species impact in Canadian part of the Bay of Fundy (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Ireland (Nation) : Loss of aquaculture/commercial/recreational harvest or gain [details]

Introduced species population trend in Ireland (Nation) : Increasing [details]

Introduced species population trend in Ireland (Nation) : Increasing [details]

Introduced species remark in Ireland (Nation) : On leisure craft [details]

Introduced species remark In Dutch part of the North Sea : with oyster aquaculture [details]

Introduced species remark in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : May affect aquaculture production [details]

Introduced species remark in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : May affect aquaculture production [details]

Introduced species remark In United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Fouling impacts have been reported for the British Isles (Minchin et al. 2013). [details]

Introduced species remark in Germany (Nation) : This paper does not represent a new record but establishes the invasiveness of the species at this location.  [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish
This basin is used intensively for oyster culture (Davis and Davis 2008). [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : Recreational equipment: accidental with recreational equipment [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Portugal (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Ireland (Nation) : The probable mechanisms of introduction are: as juveniles transported attached to imported marketable shellfish (oysters) or attached to ships’ hulls or in sea chests. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in French part of the Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (Marine Region) : Probably introduced with shellfish culture from Japan. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the Celtic Sea (Marine Region) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : The probable mechanisms of introduction are: as juveniles transported attached to imported marketable shellfish (oysters) or attached to ships’ hulls or in sea chests. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in France (Nation) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Australian part of the Bass Strait (Marine Region) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in French part of the Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (Marine Region) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom part of the English Channel (Marine Region) : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Germany (Nation) : Introduction was possibly caused by natural dispersal from the March Water population 12 km away (questionable) or movement of boats, gear or product associated with the aquaculture industry or commercial fisheries within Malpeque Bay. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Dutch part of the North Sea : Fisheries: accidental with deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Aquaculture: accidental [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Aquaculture: accidental [details]

From other sources
Alien species The folded sea squirt Styela clava originates from the Asian coasts. Transport through attachment on war ships brought the species to Europe, where it was first noticed in England around 1953.
In 1986 the first specimen was found on the Belgian coast, on a groyne at Knokke-Heist. Now, the species is found in the Sluice dock in Ostend and all ports and marinas in Belgium, except in Nieuwpoort. The folded sea squirt is mostly found along sheltered coasts, to a depth of 40 meters. The species has a great adaptability, and can tolerate large changes in temperature and salinity.  [details]

Distribution accidently introduced in England (around Plymouth) through Japonese oysters during the early fifties. At that time erroneously identified as Styela mammiculata (Carlisle, 1954) [details]

Publication date Herdman, 1882 [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch knotszakpijpJapanse zakpijp  [details]
English rough sea squirtleathery sea squirtfolded sea squirt  [details]
French ascidie plisséeascidie japonaise  [details]
German Ostasiatische SeescheideFalten-Ascidie  [details]
Japanese エボヤ  [details]